Ecoforum 2011 Dave Johnson Brownfield Regeneration In Nsw


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Brownfield regeneration- breaking down the barriers

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Ecoforum 2011 Dave Johnson Brownfield Regeneration In Nsw

  1. 1. Brownfield Regeneration Breaking down the barriers Liabilities to assets Dave Johnson Principal Environmental Engineer RCA AUSTRALIA
  2. 2. <ul><li>Where are we now </li></ul><ul><li>Where have others got to </li></ul><ul><li>Where could we be going </li></ul><ul><li>Key brownfield sites </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>Presentation topics
  3. 3. <ul><li>Brownfield sites – what are they ? </li></ul><ul><li>Wikepedia ; “ are abandoned or underused industrial and commercial facilities available for re-use . Expansion or redevelopment of such a facility may be complicated by real or perceived environmental contamination . </li></ul><ul><li>In the United Kingdom and Australia , brownfield applies more generally to previously used land. </li></ul><ul><li>Often otherwise called or associated with in Australia; Urban consolidation/renewal,/regeneration, infill development </li></ul><ul><li>Part of the ongoing solution to “Urban Sprawl” greenfield development, key to sustainable cities ? </li></ul>Introduction
  4. 4. <ul><li>4 key Sydney areas – Green Square, Newington Olympic Village, Pyrmont, Rhodes Peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>Waterside redevelopments </li></ul><ul><li>Newcastle – Waterside Honeysuckle, Pasminco Smelter </li></ul><ul><li>Regional plans rezoning, rather than councils </li></ul><ul><li>Urban development plans – master plans </li></ul><ul><li>Council sometimes resisting higher density </li></ul><ul><li>Landcom – HDC, SSDC, CWDC – buy/amalgamate land in inner city industrial areas </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 70% by 2031 in 2005 Syd Met Strat to be non-greenfield </li></ul>Background
  5. 5. Background <ul><li>Lower Hunter shortfall of 3000 houses </li></ul><ul><li>Some developers increasing brownfield developments e.g as result of S Met Strat 70% urban renewal targets </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>SuRF Australia – momentum for sustainable remediation </li></ul><ul><li>Recent new SEPP (Urban Renewal) – Newcastle , Redfern- Waterloo, Granville </li></ul><ul><li>Syd Met Plan 2036 – Urban renewal corridors and centres (rail focus) </li></ul><ul><li>Property Council 2009 Urban Renewal Lifeline -10 Point action plan </li></ul><ul><li>SEPP 32 Urban Consolidation (Redevelopment of Urban Land) </li></ul><ul><li>Clean Up 09 – ARIC Summit - Unlocking the productive potential of brownfield sites </li></ul>Where are we now ?
  7. 8. <ul><li>Large sites “low hanging fruit” to date, other major sites to be identified and transit orientated to be kick started </li></ul><ul><li>Mature framework for ongoing/increasing brownfields redevelopment – robust assessment of contamination and remediation industry </li></ul><ul><li>Position statements; </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Housing Industry Association 2007 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Property Council – 2009 Urban Renewal Lifeline </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National Housing Supply Council 2010 state of supply report </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MDP 2010 and National Urban Policy 2011 </li></ul></ul></ul>Where are we now ?
  8. 9. Where are we now ?
  9. 10. <ul><li>R+D Investment – nobody knows about, rarely used, more restricted </li></ul><ul><li>Most developers no brownfield policy </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of national, state, development/ construction industry guidance/framework </li></ul><ul><li>Future liability concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Slow planning determinations </li></ul><ul><li>Perceptions of high remediation costs </li></ul><ul><li>Some developers slowly increasing brownfield developments e.g as result of Syd Met Strat 70% urban renewal targets </li></ul>What is stopping us with more?
  10. 11. <ul><li>Sydney needs planning process that facilitates urban renewal, become more sustainable, and deliver better urban environments for new and existing communities </li></ul>What is stopping us with more?
  11. 13. <ul><li>US </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk based site specific assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable remediation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mature in-situ/on site remediation market </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EPA Brownfields Program and grants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tax Incentives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>UK </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As above </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mature in-situ/on site remediation market </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National brownfields survey/database and strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guidance - CIRIA C578 2002 guide , BURA Guide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tax Incentives - 150% relief on land remediation expenditure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brownfield Land Action Plans, Local Partnerships, Pilot Projects </li></ul></ul>Where have others got to ?
  12. 14. <ul><li>Holland/Germany </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk based site specific assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable remediation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mature in-situ/on site remediation market </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hong Kong </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasingly active approach to brownfields planning addressing risk and leverage land value for new infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased to coastal/waterfront development </li></ul></ul>Where have others got to ?
  13. 17. Where could we be going? <ul><li>No development levies on urban renewal/brownfield sites </li></ul><ul><li>DECCW more involvement and public/private partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Towards a City Strategy –Council of Capital City Lord Mayors – good lead </li></ul><ul><li>Increased and earlier community consultation </li></ul><ul><li>NEPM – need for remediation and site management </li></ul><ul><li>Legislation to allow Government amalgamation of sites in defined urban renewal precincts predevelopment – site amalgamation/compulsory acquisition tool </li></ul>
  14. 18. <ul><li>Expand Environment Trust grants program (e.g current gasworks) for brownfields </li></ul><ul><li>DOP / Council targets - Like Syd Met Strat 2036 where 60-70% as urban renewal -policy and legislation to drive this. </li></ul><ul><li>Quicker DA determination on rezoning applications for brownfield sites </li></ul><ul><li>Industry guidance – UDIA, Property Council, ACLCA, ALGA </li></ul><ul><li>More co-ordination and expedite development through state - Landcom ? Dev Corps </li></ul><ul><li>Major Cities Group – like 1990’s BBC ($100M honeysuckle) </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing awareness of sustainable on-site remediation </li></ul>Where could we be going
  15. 19. Where could we be going? <ul><li>Urban Renewal state environmental policy </li></ul><ul><li>Implement Property Council 10 point plan </li></ul><ul><li>Urban Renewal Commission – control master planning, site amalgamation, infrastructure planning, delivery for key urban areas </li></ul><ul><li>Better Community Consultation ( new NEPM) </li></ul><ul><li>CRC Care ALGA/ACLCA Brownfield Position statements </li></ul><ul><li>ARIC - Draft conceptual framework for decision makers 2011 </li></ul>
  16. 20. Where could we be going? <ul><li>Better Developer engagement, via UDIA and Property Council </li></ul><ul><li>Hunter Urban Development Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Urban Renewal state environmental policy </li></ul><ul><li>Site specific risk assessments/management via NEPM framework –non leaching/volatile/bio-available- capped/contained hardstand residential/commercial increased land value </li></ul>
  17. 22. <ul><li>Real Financial incentives; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific Tax incentives for brownfields – not trying to use another system (R+D) – tax offsets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tax relief on long term derelict brownfield sites and remediation expenditure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Switch perverse landfill tax to tax relief for brownfield sites redevelopment, remediation, and soil treatment hub sites </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Government and Regulator Frameworks – DoP, DIT, DECCW </li></ul><ul><li>Construction industry guidance – via Housing Industry Association, Urban Taskforce </li></ul>Where could we be going?
  18. 23. Where could we be going? <ul><li>Better Community Consultation (new NEPM) </li></ul><ul><li>Potential urban renewal/brownfield sites surveys </li></ul><ul><li>CRC Care ALGA/ACLCA Brownfield Position statements </li></ul><ul><li>Better Developer engagement, via UDIA and Property Council </li></ul>
  19. 25. <ul><li>Clyde Street Hamilton Gasworks –Jemena/AGL </li></ul><ul><li>Previous Steel Street Gasworks- Newcastle – (now retail/commercial) </li></ul><ul><li>Intertrade/BHP Steel site – HDC </li></ul><ul><li>Kooragang landfill areas- HDC (commercial/industrial planned) </li></ul><ul><li>Previous Harbourside Honeysuckle – Cottage Creek </li></ul><ul><li>West Wallsend - HDC </li></ul><ul><li>Wangi Wangi Power Station </li></ul><ul><li>Current Pasminco Cockle Creek Lead Smelter – 200 ha- Boolaroo redevelopment </li></ul>Key Lower Hunter brownfield sites
  20. 26. <ul><li>Waterfront Industrial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rhodes Peninsula/Homebush Bay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breakfast Point- former gasworks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Newington Olympic Village </li></ul><ul><li>Green Square/Zetland industrial </li></ul><ul><li>Randwick – surplus government </li></ul><ul><li>Barangaroo </li></ul>Key Sydney brownfield sites