Earthquake Safety by David Wei


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Earthquake Safety by David Wei

  1. 1. Earthquake Preparedness Be Prepared. Stay Alive. David Wei, MBA Accident Prevention Specialist UCLA EH&S
  2. 2. Overview Earthquake - Basics Earthquakes - History Earthquakes - Myths Dispelled Earthquake Preparedness Resources
  3. 3. How do earthquakes occur? Earthquakes occur because of movement at a fault - a place where two slabs of rock are sliding past each other. Japan 2004
  4. 4. 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake October 17 4:15 p.m. 6.9 Richter San Francisco / Santa Cruz Mountains
  5. 5. 1989 - Loma Prieta
  6. 6. 1994 Northridge Earthquake January 17, 4:30 a.m. 6.7 Richter
  7. 7. Myth Dispelled #1 You can predict earthquakes
  8. 8. Myth Dispelled #2 Animals can predict earthquakes
  9. 9. Myth Dispelled #3 There is earthquake weather
  10. 10. Most Deadly Earthquakes Year Location Deaths Magnitude 1976 China 7.5 655,000 1927 China 7.7 200,000 1923 Japan 7.9 143,000 1908 Italy 6.9 110,000 1920 China 8.3 100,000 1932 China 7.6 70,000 1970 Peru 8.0 54,000 1990 Iran 7.9 50,000 1935 Pakistan 8.1 30,000 1939 Turkey 7.7 30,000
  11. 11. Most Powerful Earthquakes Year Location Deaths Magnitude 1960 China 9.3 22,000 1964 Alaska 9.2 130 1952 Kamchatka 9.0 0 1965 8.7 0 Aleutian Islands 1922 Chile 8.7 0 1957 8.6 0 Aleutian Islands 1950 8.6 1,500 India-China border 1906 Ecuador 8.6 500 Kuril Islands 1963 8.6 0 1923 Alaska 8.5 0
  12. 12. Comparison of earthquake magnitude and severity The most powerful earthquakes are not necessarily the most deadly - several other factors play a part ... their location types of soil structure of buildings population density Your Behavior!!!
  13. 13. Tip #1: Fix the hazards a.TV’s, Furniture b. Water heaters c. Hazardous materials
  14. 14. Tip #2: Prepare a Disaster Plan a.Practice “Duck, cover, and hold on” b. Locate Utility Shutoff Valves Gas shutoff Water shutoff Power Shutoff c. Establish a Meeting Place
  15. 15. Tip #3: Prepare a Disaster Supply Kit a. Medicines (Rx) b. Food/water c. Whistle d. Personal ID e. First Aid Kits = Bandages, Knuckle Bandages, Triangle Bandages, Ace Bandages, Gauze Tape, First Air Tape, Antibiotic Ointment, Gloves, Cold Packs, Scissors, Tweezers, Absorbent Compresses.
  16. 16. Tip #4: Know Your Area At work: I know where exit routes, fire extinguishers and first aid kits are in my work area. I know the danger spots - windows, mirrors, hanging objects, fireplaces and tall furniture. I know the safe spots in each room - under sturdy tables, desks or against inside walls. At home: I know where to shut off the water, power and gas and I have access to the necessary tools.
  17. 17. How prepared are you for a future earthquake? At home: At work: The water heater is strapped to the wall We have established disaster plan and have discussed it Anything that would have fallen on my head has been secured to the wall I have assembled supplies and have them stored at my desk I have emergency lighting stored and ready to use I carry a list of important phone numbers in my wallet, including the I have stored emergency food and number of my out of state family water supplies contact I have a portable radio and batteries We conduct regular practice drills, and have an established meeting place in We have decided where we will reunite the event of an evacuation if separated
  18. 18. Shakeout! November 13th, 2008. Knowing How to React Develop a workplace and a family disaster plan Get training in first aid/ CPR and in how to use a fire extinguisher Look for safe places inside and outside of all buildings where you spend time If you are indoors when the shaking starts - Duck, Cover and Hold On If you are outdoors in an earthquake, stay outside and move away from buildings and power lines. Crouch down and protect your head Wait until the shaking stops before attempting to exit the building if necessary Be on the lookout for fires In high-rise building, the fire alarms and sprinklers may activate even if there is no fire; double check and extinguish small fires if trained to do so If you must leave the building after the shaking stops, use the stairs not the elevator Expect aftershocks, and plan where you will take cover when they occur
  19. 19. Resources UCLA Environment, Health & Safety Injury & Illness Prevention Program UCLA Emergency Management County of Los Angeles Emergency Preparedness and Response Program
  20. 20. Resources Centers for Disease Prevention and Control (CDC)
  21. 21. Questions?