David De Roure
New Forms of Data and
Scientific Research
ChristineBorgman
DAMES
LifeGuide
eStat
PolicyGrid
Obesity e-Lab
DReSS
OeSS
Genesis
Genesis
Rural communities
Creative Industries
Social Inc...
More people
Moremachines
Quadrant 2
Big Data and
Computation
Quadrant 1
Conventional
Computation
Quadrant 4
Social
Machine...
F i r s t
BioEssays,,26(1):99–105,January2004
http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/collaboration/fourthparadigm/
• Paul writes workflows for identifying
biological pathways implicated in
resistance to Trypanosomiasis in cattle
• Paul m...
INT. VERSE VERSE VERSE VERSEBRIDGEBRIDGE OUT.

The Problem
signal
understanding
Ich Fujinaga
seasr.org/meandreMeandre
Stephen Downie
Chris Lintott
Scientists
Talk
Forum
Image
Classification
data reduction
Citizen Scientists
The challenge is to foster the co-constituted socio-technical
system on the right i.e. a computationally-enabled sense-
ma...
data
method
http://www.myexperiment.org/
www.researchobject.org
Jun Zhao
Bill Browne
Web as lens
Web as artefact
Web Observatories
http://www.w3.org/community/webobservatory/
Nigel Shadbolt et al
Real life is and must be full of all kinds of
social constraint – the very processes
from which society arises. Computers
...
Some Social Machines
Four take-home messages:
1. Quadrant 4 = more machines + more people
2. Paradigm shift to data-driven research:
statistica...
david.deroure@oerc.ox.ac.uk
www.oerc.ox.ac.uk/people/dder
www.scilogs.com/eresearch
@dder
Thanks to: Christine Borgman, Ca...
New Forms of Data and Scientific Research
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New Forms of Data and Scientific Research

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New forms of data for research, policy evaluation and official statistics (STS027) session at 59th World Statistics Congress (WSC), Hong Kong, 28 August 2013

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New Forms of Data and Scientific Research

  1. 1. David De Roure New Forms of Data and Scientific Research
  2. 2. ChristineBorgman
  3. 3. DAMES LifeGuide eStat PolicyGrid Obesity e-Lab DReSS OeSS Genesis Genesis Rural communities Creative Industries Social Inclusion Entertainment Healthcare highwire Horizon Media Finance Web Science Current Nodes e-Social Science DE Hubs DE DTCs GeoVUE MoSeS MiMeG CQeSS HUB NeISS ncrm m m m m mm m mm NCRM phase 2 Harnessing advances in digital technology and practice to achieve world-class social research with maximum impact www.digitalsocialresearch.net ds d NCRM phase 3 Demonstrators & Sustainability d ss s d m
  4. 4. More people Moremachines Quadrant 2 Big Data and Computation Quadrant 1 Conventional Computation Quadrant 4 Social Machines Quadrant 3 Social Networking Cyberinfrastructure e-infrastructure Science 2.0 Citizen Science e-Science David De Roure
  5. 5. F i r s t BioEssays,,26(1):99–105,January2004 http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/collaboration/fourthparadigm/
  6. 6. • Paul writes workflows for identifying biological pathways implicated in resistance to Trypanosomiasis in cattle • Paul meets Jo who is investigating Whipworm in mouse. • Jo reuses one of Paul’s workflow without change. • Jo identifies the biological pathways involved in sex dependence in the mouse model, believed to be involved in the ability of mice to expel the parasite. • Previously a manual two year study by Jo had failed to do this. Computational Workflows Carole Goble
  7. 7. INT. VERSE VERSE VERSE VERSEBRIDGEBRIDGE OUT.  The Problem signal understanding Ich Fujinaga
  8. 8. seasr.org/meandreMeandre Stephen Downie
  9. 9. Chris Lintott Scientists Talk Forum Image Classification data reduction Citizen Scientists
  10. 10. The challenge is to foster the co-constituted socio-technical system on the right i.e. a computationally-enabled sense- making network of expertise, data, models and narratives. Big data elephant versus sense-making network? Iain Buchan
  11. 11. data method
  12. 12. http://www.myexperiment.org/
  13. 13. www.researchobject.org Jun Zhao
  14. 14. Bill Browne
  15. 15. Web as lens Web as artefact Web Observatories http://www.w3.org/community/webobservatory/
  16. 16. Nigel Shadbolt et al
  17. 17. Real life is and must be full of all kinds of social constraint – the very processes from which society arises. Computers can help if we use them to create abstract social machines on the Web: processes in which the people do the creative work and the machine does the administration… The stage is set for an evolutionary growth of new social engines. Berners-Lee, Weaving the Web, 1999 The Order of Social Machines
  18. 18. Some Social Machines
  19. 19. Four take-home messages: 1. Quadrant 4 = more machines + more people 2. Paradigm shift to data-driven research: statistical challenges 3. What are the objects in the sensemaking network and how are they shared? 4. New forms of data => New methods, new objects, new intermediaries in the data ecosystem, and new Social Machines Conclusion
  20. 20. david.deroure@oerc.ox.ac.uk www.oerc.ox.ac.uk/people/dder www.scilogs.com/eresearch @dder Thanks to: Christine Borgman, Carole Goble, Ichiro Fujinaga, Stephen Downie, Chris Lintott, Iain Buchan, Jun Zhao, William Browne http://www.slideshare.net/davidderoure/new-forms-of-data-and-scientific-research
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