7 Steps to Effective Writing• Free Writing• Thesis Construction• Topic Sentences• Paragraph Development• Transitions• Introductions and Conclusions• Rough Draft• Peer Review• Final Draft
The Descriptive EssayDESCRIPTION- the mode of writing thatappeals most directly to the senses byshowing us the physical characteristicsof a subject
Ex. What it looks like, or how it sounds, smells or tastes. A good Description shows us characteristics; it doesnt just tell us about them. Description is especially useful and ABSTRACT or vague subject-- such as freedom or truth or death -- more CONCRETE or definite
Descriptive Essay Template• The main physical characteristics of a X ______, ______,and _______.• From the perspective of _____, however, X could be described as_____.• In some ways, namely _____, X resembles ____; but inothers ways, X is more like _____.• X is not at all like ______.• Mainly because of _____ and _____, X give the impressionof being _____.• From this description of X, you can see that ______.
The Classification EssayClassification- the mode of writing thatorganizes things into categories andprovides examples of items which fit intoeach category
The Process Analysis EssayPA- the mode of writing that breaksdown a process into a sequence ofactions that lead to an end result,explaining how.
The Definition EssayDefinition- An essay form which describeswhat something is and what it is not. Thesubject could be concrete objects orabstract concepts including loyalty, love,or political messages.
The Exemplification EssayEXEMPLIFICATION : uses one ormore cases, or examples, toillustrate or explain a generalpoint or an abstract concept.
Using Examples Use Examples to Explain Use Examples to Clarify Use Examples to Add Interest Use Examples to Persuade
Exemplifying Template About X, it generally can be said that ______ ; a good example would be ______. The main characteristics of X are _____ and _____,exemplified by _______, ________, and _______. For the best example(s)of X, we can turn to _____. Additional examples of X include____, ______, and ______. From these examples of X, we can conclude that ____.
The Cause / Effect EssayCAUSE / EFFECT - An essay form which probesand analyzes into the causes (rationale,reasoning and background reasons) along withthe effects (consequences, effects andoutcome) for a particular event, happening,condition or behavior.
The Narrative Essay• Narrative writing tells a story; it reports “what happened.”• There is a big difference between having something happen and writing about it, between an event and telling about an event.
• Plot• Narrator• Setting• Point Of View• Your Purpose• Your Audience
Template for Narrating• This is a story about ______.• My story takes place in ____ when _____.• As the narrative opens, X is in the act of _____.• What happened next was_____, followed by____ and _____.• At this point, ______ happened.• The climax of these events was _____• When X understood what had happened, she said “_____.”• The last thing that happened to X was ______.• My point in telling this story is to show that ______.
The Argumentation EssayArgumentation- An essay form whichinvestigates a topic, collects, generates,and evaluates evidence, andestablishes a position on the topic in aconcise and logical manner.
The Compare / Contrast EssayCOMPARE / CONTRAST - An essay formwhich compares two or more things,evaluating their similarities and differences.Compare / Contrast essays are anexcellent mode to introduceargumentation.