Lesson 2 Science And Industrial

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  • 1. Scientific and Industrial Revolution102: David Clayton Instructor
  • 2. Galileo (1564-1642)
    • Father of modern science.
    • 3. Experiments + math
  • Worldview Prior to Galileo
    • God- Explanation
    • 4. Church- Controlled - government
    - arts, science, education - morals
  • 5. Worldview Prior to Galileo
    • God- Creator Universe
    • 6. Geo-Centric: Earth
    • 7. Divine Right
    • 8. Obedient Christians
    • 9. Obedient subjects
  • Galileo (1564-1642)
  • After Galileo
    • Rise of Protestantism
    • 13. Rapid advancements in - Astronomy - Math
  • After Galileo
    • Rise of Protestantism
    • 14. Rapid advancements in
    • 15. Philosophy
    - Truth without theology - Truth by reasoning
  • 16. INDUCTIVE REASONING
    • Observation
    • 17. Experimentation
    • 18. Conclusions
    • 19. Scientific Method- Question- Experiment- Observe- Hypothesis- Analyze (true/not true)
    Francis Bacon (1561-1626)
  • 20. DEDUCTIVE REASONING
    • Truth by Logic
    • 21. Truth by Math formulas
    • 22. Scientific Method results put into mathematical equation.
    Descartes (1596-1650)
  • 23. Scientific Method
    • Use both inductive and deductive methods to discover truth.
    - Observation/Experiments foundation of science- Math describes and validates results
    • Still used today.
    Newton (1643-1727)
  • 24. Results of Scientific Revolution
    Spiritual to Secular
    Process- God best explanation- Deism best explanation * rational God/universe * Clock analogy * Rational/non miracles * Widespread influence
  • 25. Results of Scientific Revolution
    Spiritual to Secular
    Process- God best explanation- Deism best explanation
    - Religious answers inferior to scientific method - Science best explanation
  • 26. Results of Scientific Revolution
    Spiritual to Secular
    Process
    19th Century (Secular)- Darwin: evolution- Nietzsche :philosophy “God is dead”
    20th Century- Freud (Ego)
  • 27. Results of Scientific Revolution
    Way of Doing Science
    • Biology: microscope
    • 28. Chemistry: elements/gases
    • 29. Electricity: Ben Franklin
    • 30. Medicine: Blood circulationPathology
  • Results of Scientific Revolution
    3. Sociology and GovernmentSocial Contract TheoryThomas Hobbes (1588-1679)- Human nature evil
    - Absolutism government: Protect from evil nature
  • 31. Results of Scientific Revolution
    3. Sociology and GovernmentSocial Contract TheoryJohn Locke (1632-1704)- Human nature – blank slate
    - Born with certain freedoms (life, liberty, property)- Overthrow government (Glorious Revolution) if right are violated.
    - Influenced American and French Revolutions
  • 32. INDUSTRIAL INSTITUTIONS AND THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
  • 33.
    • Wars required more capital than taxes
    • 34. Bank of England (1694) to provide revenue
    • 35. Benefitted more than war plans (stocks, loans, check writing, lines of credit)
    • Factory owners
    - Build larger - Purchase larger supplies - Hire more workers
  • 36.
    • Transportation
    - Canals - Roads - Sea Travel
  • 37.
    • Inventions and Innovations
    • Joint Stock CompaniesEngland: America’s and India
    France: Southeast AsiaAustralia: Discovered by James Cook (1770)
    Dutch: South Africa
  • 38.
    • SLAVE TRADE
    • Industrial Consequences
    Flight from rural to urban
    Environmental pollution, deforestation
    Work: 12 hours/7days including kids
    Socially: Fragmented families, breakdown in social mores, depression, lost religious values,disconnected from tradition and past.
  • 39.
    • Industrial Consequences
    5. Deplorable living conditions
    6. Juvenile delinquency
    7. Alcoholism
    8. Loss of skilled craftsmen- apprentices
  • 40.
    • Industrial Consequences
    9. Earned more
    10. Consumer goods cheaper
    11. Newspapers (media propaganda and sense of community)- literature
    12. New Upper Class (Factory Owners)greater governmental power
    13. Better opportunities for education and children.