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06 Enlightenment Monarchs
06 Enlightenment Monarchs
06 Enlightenment Monarchs
06 Enlightenment Monarchs
06 Enlightenment Monarchs
06 Enlightenment Monarchs
06 Enlightenment Monarchs
06 Enlightenment Monarchs
06 Enlightenment Monarchs
06 Enlightenment Monarchs
06 Enlightenment Monarchs
06 Enlightenment Monarchs
06 Enlightenment Monarchs
06 Enlightenment Monarchs
06 Enlightenment Monarchs
06 Enlightenment Monarchs
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06 Enlightenment Monarchs

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  • 1. EnlightenmentMonarchsDavid Clayton, Instructor
  • 2. Philosophes challenged Old Regime European society
    VoltaireCritical of Catholic Church power
    Critical of absolute rulersHelped Frederick the Great for 3 years
  • 3. Philosophes challenged Old Regime European society
    DiderotEncyclopedia
    Sold library to Catherine the Great of Russia“One of many friends of Catherine.”
  • 4. Philosophes challenged Old Regime European society
    MontesquieuRule of Law
    Separation of PowersCatherine based her government reforms on his theories.
  • 5. Philosophes challenged Old Regime European society
    RousseauHeavy influenced modern philosophy.
    Emotions and passion are important
    Noble savage“Social Contract”Regime system should be abolishedInfluenced American and French Revolution
  • 6. Enlightenment monarchs tried to be the rational philosopher king educated according to Enlightenment ideals.
  • 7. Reforms
    Semi- Reforms
    • serfdom
    • 12. Constitution
    Enlightenment MonarchsCatherine the GreatRUSSIAr. 1762-1796
  • 13. REFORM STOPPED
    • Pugachev’s Rebellion
    • 14. Thought to be Peter- Took away freedoms to crush rebellion that were never restored.- Executed
    Enlightenment MonarchsCatherine the Greatr. 1762-1796
  • 15. FUTURE REFORMS
    • Strengthened aristocratic power.
    • 16. Extended serfdom
    Enlightenment MonarchsCatherine the Greatr. 1762-1796
  • 17. REFORMS
    • First German Law Rational
    • 18. Eliminated torture.
    • 19. Death penalty had to be approved by him.
    • 20. Industrial
    • 21. Agriculture – potato
    • 22. Education
    • 23. “First Servant of the State.”
    Enlightenment MonarchsFrederick the Greatr. 1740-1786PRUSSIA
  • 24. REFORMS
    • Centralized government
    • 25. Freedom of Press & religion
    • 26. Thousands of miles of roads.
    • 27. Prussian Army Code
    • 28. American Revolution
    • 29. Shaped German history through Hitler
    Enlightenment MonarchsFrederick the Greatr. 1740-1786PRUSSIA
  • 30. NEGATIVES
    • Wasted money
    • 31. Soldiers mercilessly squandered in war in pursuit of glory.
    • 32. Old monarch- power.
    Enlightenment MonarchsFrederick the Greatr. 1740-1786PRUSSIA
  • 33. REFORMS
    • Centralized government
    • 34. Everyone paid taxes
    • 35. Abolished serfdom
    • 36. Religious toleration
    Dissolved monasteries as
    anti-Semitic
    • German language for administrative efficiency.
    Enlightenment MonarchsJoseph IIr. 1780-1790Austria
  • 37. OPPOSED
    • Roman Catholic Church
    • 38. Aristocracy
    • 39. Hungary and Belgium who resented German language requirement.
    Enlightenment MonarchsJoseph IIr. 1780-1790Austria
  • 40. NEGATIVE
    • Established secret police.
    • 41. Ruled for only 10 years.
    • 42. At his death, his brother cancelled most of Joseph’s reforms to bring equality.
    Enlightenment MonarchsJoseph IIr. 1780-1790Austria
  • 43. Enlightenment monarchs made strides but the real reforms would happen in America

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