EnlightenmentMonarchsDavid Clayton, Instructor<br />
Philosophes challenged Old Regime European society <br />VoltaireCritical  of Catholic Church power<br />Critical of absol...
Philosophes challenged Old Regime European society <br />DiderotEncyclopedia<br />Sold library to Catherine the Great of R...
Philosophes challenged Old Regime European society <br />MontesquieuRule of Law<br />Separation of PowersCatherine based h...
Philosophes challenged Old Regime European society <br />RousseauHeavy influenced modern philosophy.<br />Emotions and pas...
Enlightenment monarchs tried to be the rational philosopher king educated according to Enlightenment ideals.<br />
Reforms <br /><ul><li> Laws
 Education
 Publishing
 Journalism
 Expansionism</li></ul>Semi- Reforms <br /><ul><li> serfdom
 Constitution</li></ul>Enlightenment MonarchsCatherine the GreatRUSSIAr. 1762-1796<br />
REFORM STOPPED <br /><ul><li>Pugachev’s   Rebellion
Thought to be    Peter- Took away freedoms to crush rebellion that were never restored.- Executed</li></ul>Enlightenment M...
FUTURE REFORMS<br /><ul><li> Strengthened aristocratic power.
 Extended serfdom</li></ul>Enlightenment MonarchsCatherine the Greatr. 1762-1796<br />
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06 Enlightenment Monarchs

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06 Enlightenment Monarchs

  1. 1. EnlightenmentMonarchsDavid Clayton, Instructor<br />
  2. 2. Philosophes challenged Old Regime European society <br />VoltaireCritical of Catholic Church power<br />Critical of absolute rulersHelped Frederick the Great for 3 years<br />
  3. 3. Philosophes challenged Old Regime European society <br />DiderotEncyclopedia<br />Sold library to Catherine the Great of Russia“One of many friends of Catherine.”<br />
  4. 4. Philosophes challenged Old Regime European society <br />MontesquieuRule of Law<br />Separation of PowersCatherine based her government reforms on his theories.<br />
  5. 5. Philosophes challenged Old Regime European society <br />RousseauHeavy influenced modern philosophy.<br />Emotions and passion are important<br />Noble savage“Social Contract”Regime system should be abolishedInfluenced American and French Revolution<br />
  6. 6. Enlightenment monarchs tried to be the rational philosopher king educated according to Enlightenment ideals.<br />
  7. 7. Reforms <br /><ul><li> Laws
  8. 8. Education
  9. 9. Publishing
  10. 10. Journalism
  11. 11. Expansionism</li></ul>Semi- Reforms <br /><ul><li> serfdom
  12. 12. Constitution</li></ul>Enlightenment MonarchsCatherine the GreatRUSSIAr. 1762-1796<br />
  13. 13. REFORM STOPPED <br /><ul><li>Pugachev’s Rebellion
  14. 14. Thought to be Peter- Took away freedoms to crush rebellion that were never restored.- Executed</li></ul>Enlightenment MonarchsCatherine the Greatr. 1762-1796<br />
  15. 15. FUTURE REFORMS<br /><ul><li> Strengthened aristocratic power.
  16. 16. Extended serfdom</li></ul>Enlightenment MonarchsCatherine the Greatr. 1762-1796<br />
  17. 17. REFORMS<br /><ul><li> First German Law Rational
  18. 18. Eliminated torture.
  19. 19. Death penalty had to be approved by him.
  20. 20. Industrial
  21. 21. Agriculture – potato
  22. 22. Education
  23. 23. “First Servant of the State.”</li></ul>Enlightenment MonarchsFrederick the Greatr. 1740-1786PRUSSIA<br />
  24. 24. REFORMS<br /><ul><li> Centralized government
  25. 25. Freedom of Press & religion
  26. 26. Thousands of miles of roads.
  27. 27. Prussian Army Code
  28. 28. American Revolution
  29. 29. Shaped German history through Hitler</li></ul>Enlightenment MonarchsFrederick the Greatr. 1740-1786PRUSSIA<br />
  30. 30. NEGATIVES<br /><ul><li> Wasted money
  31. 31. Soldiers mercilessly squandered in war in pursuit of glory.
  32. 32. Old monarch- power.</li></ul>Enlightenment MonarchsFrederick the Greatr. 1740-1786PRUSSIA<br />
  33. 33. REFORMS<br /><ul><li> Centralized government
  34. 34. Everyone paid taxes
  35. 35. Abolished serfdom
  36. 36. Religious toleration</li></ul> Dissolved monasteries as<br /> anti-Semitic<br /><ul><li> German language for administrative efficiency.</li></ul>Enlightenment MonarchsJoseph IIr. 1780-1790Austria<br />
  37. 37. OPPOSED<br /><ul><li> Roman Catholic Church
  38. 38. Aristocracy
  39. 39. Hungary and Belgium who resented German language requirement.</li></ul>Enlightenment MonarchsJoseph IIr. 1780-1790Austria<br />
  40. 40. NEGATIVE<br /><ul><li> Established secret police.
  41. 41. Ruled for only 10 years.
  42. 42. At his death, his brother cancelled most of Joseph’s reforms to bring equality.</li></ul>Enlightenment MonarchsJoseph IIr. 1780-1790Austria<br />
  43. 43. Enlightenment monarchs made strides but the real reforms would happen in America<br />
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