01 Church And State

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01 Church And State

  1. 1. Church and state David Clayton Instructor Western Civilization 102
  2. 2. 30 years’ war (1618-1648) Last european religious war <ul><li>4 Phases: Phase 1-2 religious alliances phases 3-4: ruling family alliances </li></ul>
  3. 3. 30 years’ war (1618-1648) Last european religious war <ul><li>4 Phases: Phase 1-2 religious alliances phases 3-4: ruling family alliances </li></ul>
  4. 4. Pope innocent X: Objections to Peace of Westphalia WeseWWeWestphalia <ul><li>Pope Innocent X </li></ul><ul><li>Objects to Peace of Westphalia </li></ul><ul><li>-- Recognized Lutherans and Calvinists </li></ul><ul><li>- Ignored by European Leaders </li></ul>
  5. 5. Signifies <ul><li>Loss of: power of Catholic Church </li></ul><ul><li>prestige of Catholic Church </li></ul><ul><li>Tired of religious fighting </li></ul><ul><li>Secular Solutions </li></ul>
  6. 6. North & Eastern Europe Winners <ul><li>Russia: Romanov Family </li></ul><ul><li>Austria: Hapsburg Family </li></ul><ul><li>Prussia: Hollenzollern Family </li></ul>
  7. 7. North & Eastern Europe Losers <ul><li>Poland: Partitioned </li></ul><ul><li>Hungary: Merged with Austria </li></ul><ul><li>Sweden: Defeated by Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Turkey: Decline of Ottoman Empire </li></ul>
  8. 8. Western Europe Winners <ul><li>Holland : Independence </li></ul><ul><li>England : Constitutional –Monarchy Stuart Family </li></ul><ul><li>France : Absolute Power: Bourbon Family (Henry- Louis’) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Western Europe Losers <ul><li>Italy : Divided up: France- Austria </li></ul><ul><li>Spain & Portugal - Lost colonies &settlements world wide - Defeated by French and English </li></ul>
  10. 10. England: Church and State Anglican: Catholic: Puritan dispute King Charles I (1620s-1642) 
 Stuart Family
 - Absolute Ruler 
 Economy 
 Laws
 Religion 
 Culture 
 Military 
 Government
  11. 11. England: Church and State <ul><li>TENSION Puritans </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Scots </li></ul><ul><li>ACTION Call on Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Petition of Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Dismisses Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>RESULT Civil War (1642) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  12. 12. Oliver Cromwell Puritan Leader (Roundheads) Defeats Charles I and Royalists Executes Charles Military Dictatorship Commonwealth for 10 years Crushes Irish Catholic Rebellion Stops Scottish Presbyterian Revolt Stuart Monarchy restored at his death (1660)
  13. 13. James II (r. 1685 -1688) Catholic Ruler Weak Leader Feared Louis XIV invasion Parliament’s secret deal James flees to France William & Mary crowned Glorious Revolution (1688) - Constitutional Monarchy - Bill of Rights - Religious Freedom - Catholic prohibited from the throne
  14. 14. VIDEO CHURCH AND STATE <ul><li>Identify from the Video the following: Bullet Points </li></ul><ul><li>Henry VIII and Pope Clement’s VII Dispute </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas More </li></ul><ul><li>Ignatius Loyola and the Jesuits </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Wars </li></ul><ul><li>Inventions and Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Exploration and Expansion </li></ul><ul><li>Las Casas and slavery </li></ul>

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