A Review of Relationships between
Emerging World-class Universities and
Higher Education Reforms:
The Perspective of New M...
Today’s agenda
• Introduction
• Definition of New Managerialism
• Characteristics of a WCU
• Challenges for a WCU
• Conclu...
Introduction
• Economy of research universities
• Ranking of WCUs
– Most in Western countries, such as the US, UK, and
in ...
What is “new managerialsm”?
• New managerialism vs. New public
management
– New managerialism: A political ideology
– New ...
A WCU means…
• Attracting the best students and qualified
faculty members
• Excellence in instruction and research
• Inter...
Ideal model of a WCU
Source: Salmi, 2009, p.32. 6
Challenge 1:
No specific definition and criteria
• Who defines a WCU?
• How to evaluate a university as a WCU?
• Does a un...
Challenge 2: Difficulty of
sustaining endless resources
• Global recession
• No guarantee of government’ annual
appropriat...
Challenge 3:
Intermediary role of government
WCU
Govern
ments
HE
Reforms
9Copyright @ 2012 by Hou, Lee, and Jacob
Challenge 4:
Impacts on stratification in higher education
WCU
Non-
WCU
10Copyright @ 2012 by Hou, Lee, and Jacob
Conclusion
• Several benefits from the leading
universities
• Establishing a WCU may be POLITICAL
– Money/ investment of g...
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A Review of Relationships between Emerging World-class Universities and Higher Education Reforms: The Perspective of New Managerialism

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Presenter: Ya-Wen Hou
Event Date: 24 April 2012
Location: San Juan, Peurto Rico
Academic Conference Name: 56th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society
Organization: Comparative and International Education Society (CIES)

Published in: Education
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A Review of Relationships between Emerging World-class Universities and Higher Education Reforms: The Perspective of New Managerialism

  1. 1. A Review of Relationships between Emerging World-class Universities and Higher Education Reforms: The Perspective of New Managerialism Ya-Wen Hou, Che-Wei Lee, and W. James Jacob University of Pittsburgh San Juan, Puerto Rico, 24 April 2012 1Copyright @ 2012 by Hou, Lee, and Jacob
  2. 2. Today’s agenda • Introduction • Definition of New Managerialism • Characteristics of a WCU • Challenges for a WCU • Conclusion 2Copyright @ 2012 by Hou, Lee, and Jacob
  3. 3. Introduction • Economy of research universities • Ranking of WCUs – Most in Western countries, such as the US, UK, and in other parts of Europe – A few are from China, Hong Kong, and Japan • Projects pursuing WCUs in Asian Countries – Mainland China: Projects 211 and 985 – Taiwan: Five-Years-50-Billion Budget Project – South Korea: Brain Korea 21 (BK 21) Project – Japan: Centre of Excellence (COE) for the 21st Century 3Copyright @ 2012 by Hou, Lee, and Jacob
  4. 4. What is “new managerialsm”? • New managerialism vs. New public management – New managerialism: A political ideology – New public management: A technical process of management • Characteristics of new managerialism – To obliterate the bureaucratic rule-following procedures – To focus on the performances and accountability – To attain financial and other targets – To develop quasi-markets for public services – To establish partnerships between public and private institutions 4Copyright @ 2012 by Hou, Lee, and Jacob
  5. 5. A WCU means… • Attracting the best students and qualified faculty members • Excellence in instruction and research • Internationalization • Great benefits – Ability to attract large amounts of money – Possessing abundant resources – Promoting local economies – Improving global competitiveness 5Copyright @ 2012 by Hou, Lee, and Jacob
  6. 6. Ideal model of a WCU Source: Salmi, 2009, p.32. 6
  7. 7. Challenge 1: No specific definition and criteria • Who defines a WCU? • How to evaluate a university as a WCU? • Does a university with high performance equal a WCU? “Everyone wants one, no one knows what it is, and no one knows how to get one.” –Philip G. Altbach (2004) 7Copyright @ 2012 by Hou, Lee, and Jacob
  8. 8. Challenge 2: Difficulty of sustaining endless resources • Global recession • No guarantee of government’ annual appropriations • No promise of stable endowment • No guarantee of the success of a WCU • Debate on student tuition and fees • Debate on what the priority will be in a WCU 8Copyright @ 2012 by Hou, Lee, and Jacob
  9. 9. Challenge 3: Intermediary role of government WCU Govern ments HE Reforms 9Copyright @ 2012 by Hou, Lee, and Jacob
  10. 10. Challenge 4: Impacts on stratification in higher education WCU Non- WCU 10Copyright @ 2012 by Hou, Lee, and Jacob
  11. 11. Conclusion • Several benefits from the leading universities • Establishing a WCU may be POLITICAL – Money/ investment of government for making a WCU – Selection of students, faculty members, academic fields, etc. – Financial resource allocation 11Copyright @ 2012 by Hou, Lee, and Jacob

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