Introduction to Latin Music


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Introduction to Latin Music describes the origins of Latin music and its evolution to jazz.

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Introduction to Latin Music

  1. 1. Introduction to Latin Music Cultural History Percussion Instruments Latin Jazz
  2. 2. Cultural History of Latin Music <ul><li>What is Latin music? </li></ul><ul><li>Where does Latin music originate? </li></ul><ul><li>How did Latin music come to the USA? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is Latin music American music? </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Latin music? <ul><li>The term “Latin music” is a generic category with a singular identity. </li></ul><ul><li>The term “Latin music” can include music from various Latin American and Caribbean countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Latin American and Caribbean cultures do not share the same musical traditions, musical instruments, or cultural identities. </li></ul><ul><li>Each country has its own musical heritage and identity. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Where does Latin music originate? <ul><li>Latin music shares three common cultural </li></ul><ul><li>elements: </li></ul><ul><li>African culture </li></ul><ul><li>Native American culture </li></ul><ul><li>European culture </li></ul>
  5. 5. How did Latin music come to the USA? <ul><li>Colonialization of the new world </li></ul><ul><li>England, Spain, France and Portugal began colonizing territory in the new world during 1500’s to 1800’s. </li></ul><ul><li>European countries enslaved and imposed customs on native people. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial powers transferred people from their homelands to the new world. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Colonial powers in the new world <ul><li>Spain colonized Mexico, Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Dominican Republic, and South America. </li></ul><ul><li>France colonized Haiti. </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal colonized Brazil. </li></ul><ul><li>England colonized the USA. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Colonial Cuba <ul><li>Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean. </li></ul><ul><li>Spain colonized Cuba to be the largest sugar producing region in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 3.5 million African slaves were transported to the new world between the 1500’s to 1800’s. </li></ul><ul><li>The Spanish suppressed African traditions by imposing religion and Spanish language on the slaves. </li></ul>
  8. 8. How did African traditions survive Spanish colonialization? <ul><li>Africans maintained their cultural and religious practices in secret. </li></ul><ul><li>Africans continued to worship their own gods by giving African deities names of Christian saints. </li></ul><ul><li>Africans continued religious ceremonies that involved drumming and chanting. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Spanish American War 1898 <ul><li>U.S. entered into war with Spain due to sinking of the battleship, “Maine”. </li></ul><ul><li>The Platt amendment allowed the USA to intervene in Cuban independence by requiring Cuba to sell or lease to the USA land for naval bases. </li></ul><ul><li>Guantanamo Bay is the result of that amendment. </li></ul><ul><li>The USA occupied Cuba from 1898-1902. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Why is Latin music American? <ul><li>In the 1920’s the United States granted citizenship status to Puerto Rico. </li></ul><ul><li>Puerto Ricans immigrated to East Harlem in New York City. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1959, Fidel Castro overthrew the Cuban government. Many Cuban citizens left Cuba for the USA. </li></ul><ul><li>Cubans immigrated to the USA and began living in Miami and New York. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Latin music integrates with Jazz <ul><li>In the 1940’s, Latin and Jazz music begin to integrate when Latin composer, Juan Tizol, wrote “Caravan” for Duke Ellington. </li></ul><ul><li>Cuban arranger Mario Bauza formed the Latin group: Machito’s Afro-Cubans. </li></ul><ul><li>Dizzy Gillespie merged Jazz with Afro-Cuban music to introduce, “CuBop”. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1947, Chano Pozo, a Cuban conga drummer joined Dizzy Gillespie’s jazz band. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Percussion Instruments <ul><li>Clave </li></ul><ul><li>Maracas </li></ul><ul><li>Cowbells </li></ul><ul><li>Congas </li></ul><ul><li>Bongos </li></ul><ul><li>Timbales </li></ul><ul><li>Tambora </li></ul><ul><li>Bombo </li></ul><ul><li>Guiro </li></ul><ul><li>Palitos </li></ul><ul><li>Cajones </li></ul><ul><li>Cascara </li></ul><ul><li>Shekere </li></ul><ul><li>Tres </li></ul><ul><li>Marimbula </li></ul>
  13. 13. Gillespie & Chano Pozo, “Manteca”
  14. 14. Cuban Dock Workers
  15. 15. Giavonni Hidalgo & Changuito
  16. 16. Carlos “Patato” Valdez
  17. 17. Buena Vista Social Club