Wish
1.
You can have 3 wishes?
You can have 3 wishes?
‘wish’ n
is the expression
of a desire
2.
We wish you a Merry Christmas.
Be careful what you wish for.
We wish you a Merry Christmas.
Be careful what you wish for.
‘wish’ v + noun
=
augurare
‘wish’ v + for + noun
=
desiderare
We wish you a Merry Christmas.
Be careful what you wish for.
3.
I wish to be left alone.
I wish to be left alone.
‘wish’ v + to INF
=
formal ‘want’
4.
I wish (that) I had more time.
I wish you had been there.
I wish they’d shut up.
I wish (that) I had more time.
I wish you had been there.
I wish they’d shut up.
‘wish’ v + (that) + new clause
>
impossib...
3 possible constructions:
I wish I had more time.
I wish I had more time.
past subjunctive
I wish I had more time.
I don’t have more time
> UNREAL PRESENT
I wish you had been there.
I wish you had been there.
perfect subjunctive
I wish you had been there.
you weren’t there
> UNREAL PAST
I wish they’d shut up.
I wish they would shut up.
I wish they would shut up.
past subjunctive
of ‘will’
I wish they would shut up.
they won’t shut up
> REMOTE DESIRE
unreal present
past subjunctive
I wish I had more time.
unreal past
perfect
subjunctive
I wish you had been there.
possibl...
unreal present
past subjunctive
I wish I had more time.
unreal past
perfect
subjunctive
I wish you had been there.
possibl...
compare
I hope my neighbours (will) shut up.
I want them to shut up,
maybe they will.
I wish my neighbours would shut up.
I want them to shut up but
I expect that they’ll
continue to make a noise.
I wish my neighbours would shut up.
?
what is the present situation?
My neighbours won’t shut up.
won’t = they don’t want to
shut up
present fact My neighbours won’t shut up.
1. +ive <-> -ive They will shut up.
2. go one tense back
(past subjunctive)
They...
I wish my neighbours would shut up.
‘would’ is the past
subjunctive of ‘will’
IT IS NOT the
conditional!
make some ‘wish’ sentences
situation wish
We didn’t know about the party. …
I don’t have a scooter.
My car won’t start.
She works on Saturdays.
My be...
Wish
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How to use the noun and verb 'wish'.

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Wish

  1. 1. Wish
  2. 2. 1.
  3. 3. You can have 3 wishes?
  4. 4. You can have 3 wishes? ‘wish’ n is the expression of a desire
  5. 5. 2.
  6. 6. We wish you a Merry Christmas. Be careful what you wish for.
  7. 7. We wish you a Merry Christmas. Be careful what you wish for. ‘wish’ v + noun = augurare
  8. 8. ‘wish’ v + for + noun = desiderare We wish you a Merry Christmas. Be careful what you wish for.
  9. 9. 3.
  10. 10. I wish to be left alone.
  11. 11. I wish to be left alone. ‘wish’ v + to INF = formal ‘want’
  12. 12. 4.
  13. 13. I wish (that) I had more time. I wish you had been there. I wish they’d shut up.
  14. 14. I wish (that) I had more time. I wish you had been there. I wish they’d shut up. ‘wish’ v + (that) + new clause > impossible / remote desire
  15. 15. 3 possible constructions:
  16. 16. I wish I had more time.
  17. 17. I wish I had more time. past subjunctive
  18. 18. I wish I had more time. I don’t have more time > UNREAL PRESENT
  19. 19. I wish you had been there.
  20. 20. I wish you had been there. perfect subjunctive
  21. 21. I wish you had been there. you weren’t there > UNREAL PAST
  22. 22. I wish they’d shut up.
  23. 23. I wish they would shut up.
  24. 24. I wish they would shut up. past subjunctive of ‘will’
  25. 25. I wish they would shut up. they won’t shut up > REMOTE DESIRE
  26. 26. unreal present past subjunctive I wish I had more time. unreal past perfect subjunctive I wish you had been there. possible but remote future desire ? I wish they would shut up.
  27. 27. unreal present past subjunctive I wish I had more time. unreal past perfect subjunctive I wish you had been there. possible but remote future desire ? I wish they would shut up.
  28. 28. compare
  29. 29. I hope my neighbours (will) shut up. I want them to shut up, maybe they will.
  30. 30. I wish my neighbours would shut up. I want them to shut up but I expect that they’ll continue to make a noise.
  31. 31. I wish my neighbours would shut up. ?
  32. 32. what is the present situation?
  33. 33. My neighbours won’t shut up. won’t = they don’t want to shut up
  34. 34. present fact My neighbours won’t shut up. 1. +ive <-> -ive They will shut up. 2. go one tense back (past subjunctive) They would shut up. 3. add context I wish (that) they would shut up.
  35. 35. I wish my neighbours would shut up. ‘would’ is the past subjunctive of ‘will’ IT IS NOT the conditional!
  36. 36. make some ‘wish’ sentences
  37. 37. situation wish We didn’t know about the party. … I don’t have a scooter. My car won’t start. She works on Saturdays. My best friend is a bastard. He says horrible things. He embarrassed me last night.
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