Third conditional

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Expressing hypothesis about the unreal past

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Third conditional

  1. 1. 3rd Conditional
  2. 2. If A ⇒ B
  3. 3. If it had rained, we would have stayed at home.
  4. 4. If A ⇒ B if condition result If it had rained, we would have stayed at home.
  5. 5. If A ⇒ B if condition result If it had rained, we would have stayed at home. what tense is this?
  6. 6. If A ⇒ B if condition perfect subjunctive result If it had rained, we would have stayed at home.
  7. 7. If A ⇒ B if condition perfect subjunctive result If it had rained, we would have stayed at home. did it rain?
  8. 8. If A ⇒ B if condition perfect subjunctive result If it had rained, we would have stayed at home. and what tense is this?
  9. 9. If A ⇒ B if condition perfect subjunctive result would have (past cond.) If it had rained, we would have stayed at home.
  10. 10. If A ⇒ B if 3rd conditional condition perfect subjunctive result would have (past cond.) If it had rained, we would have stayed at home.
  11. 11. If it had rained, we would have stayed at home. NOT if it would have rained…
  12. 12. the Past Perfect “I had already seen the film.” and the Perfect Subjunctive “If it had rained…” have exactly the same form
  13. 13. the Past Perfect “I had already seen the film.” and the Perfect Subjunctive “If it had rained…” have exactly the same form no exceptions!
  14. 14. pronunciation
  15. 15. If I had known, I would have called you. əʊ ɔː
  16. 16. If I had known, I would have called you. əʊ ɔː
  17. 17. If I had known, I would have called you. əʊ ɔː ə əə ɪ
  18. 18. If I’d known, I would have called you. əʊ ɔː əə ɪ
  19. 19. If I’d known, I would have called you. əʊ ɔː əə ɪ
  20. 20. If I’d known, I would have called you. əʊ ɔː əə ɪ wədəv
  21. 21. notice the abbreviations
  22. 22. I’d gone…
  23. 23. I’d gone… = I had gone…
  24. 24. I’d gone… = I had gone… ’d + past participle: ’d = had
  25. 25. I’d go…
  26. 26. I’d go… = I would go…
  27. 27. I’d go… = I would go… ’d + infinitive: ’d = would
  28. 28. had or would 1. He’d say he wanted to stay. 2. He’d said he wanted to go. 3. I’d been there before. 4. I’d be the first to speak. 5. They’d taken the train. 6. They’d take everything! 7. She’d have to explain it to the police. 8. She’d had a fantastic evening.
  29. 29. had or would 1. He would say he wanted to stay. 2. He had said he wanted to go. 3. I had been there before. 4. I would be the first to speak. 5. They had taken the train. 6. They would take everything! 7. She would have to explain it to the police. 8. She had had a fantastic evening.
  30. 30. construction of the unreal past
  31. 31. If I’d gone to the party, I would have seen John.
  32. 32. If I’d gone to the party, I would have seen John. I didn’t go
  33. 33. If I’d gone to the party, I would have seen John. so I didn’t see him
  34. 34. steps: form example 1. real past I didn’t go to the party 2. make +ive  -ive and –ive  +ive I went to the party 3. go 1 tense back I had gone to the party 4. add context If I had gone to the party, I would have seen…
  35. 35. steps: form example 1. real past I didn’t go to the party 2. make +ive  -ive and –ive  +ive I went to the party 3. go 1 tense back I had gone to the party 4. add context If I had gone to the party, I would have seen…
  36. 36. steps: form example 1. real past I didn’t go to the party 2. make +ive  -ive and –ive  +ive I went to the party 3. go 1 tense back I had gone to the party 4. add context If I had gone to the party, I would have seen…
  37. 37. steps: form example 1. real past I didn’t go to the party 2. make +ive  -ive and –ive  +ive I went to the party 3. go 1 tense back I had gone to the party 4. add context If I had gone to the party, I would have seen…
  38. 38. make some unreal pasts
  39. 39. real past unreal past It was a bad idea … She didn’t have a car We had enough time I wasn’t at home He didn’t know her They worked very hard He couldn’t do the exercise
  40. 40. real past unreal past It was a bad idea …it hadn’t been a bad idea… She didn’t have a car We had enough time I wasn’t at home He didn’t know her They worked very hard He couldn’t do the exercise
  41. 41. real past unreal past It was a bad idea …it hadn’t been a bad idea… She didn’t have a car …she’d had a car… We had enough time I wasn’t at home He didn’t know her They worked very hard He couldn’t do the exercise
  42. 42. real past unreal past It was a bad idea …it hadn’t been a bad idea… She didn’t have a car …she’d had a car… We had enough time …we hadn’t had enough time… I wasn’t at home He didn’t know her They worked very hard He couldn’t do the exercise
  43. 43. real past unreal past It was a bad idea …it hadn’t been a bad idea… She didn’t have a car …she’d had a car… We had enough time …we hadn’t had enough time… I wasn’t at home …I’d been at home… He didn’t know her They worked very hard He couldn’t do the exercise
  44. 44. real past unreal past It was a bad idea …it hadn’t been a bad idea… She didn’t have a car …she’d had a car… We had enough time …we hadn’t had enough time… I wasn’t at home …I’d been at home… He didn’t know her …he’d known her… They worked very hard He couldn’t do the exercise
  45. 45. real past unreal past It was a bad idea …it hadn’t been a bad idea… She didn’t have a car …she’d had a car… We had enough time …we hadn’t had enough time… I wasn’t at home …I’d been at home… He didn’t know her …he’d known her… They worked very hard …they hadn’t worked very hard… He couldn’t do the exercise
  46. 46. real past unreal past It was a bad idea …it hadn’t been a bad idea… She didn’t have a car …she’d had a car… We had enough time …we hadn’t had enough time… I wasn’t at home …I’d been at home… He didn’t know her …he’d known her… They worked very hard …they hadn’t worked very hard… He couldn’t do the exercise …he’d been able to do the exercise..
  47. 47. now write some 3rd conditionals
  48. 48. real past unreal past It was a bad idea …it hadn’t been a bad idea… She didn’t have a car …she’d had a car… We had enough time …we hadn’t had enough time… I wasn’t at home …I’d been at home… He didn’t know her …he’d known her… They worked very hard …they hadn’t worked very hard… He couldn’t do the exercise …he’d been able to do the exercise..
  49. 49. If it hadn’t been a bad idea… If she’d had a car… If we hadn’t had enough time… If I’d been at home… If he’d known her… If they hadn’t worked very hard… If he’d been able to do the exercise..
  50. 50. all the conditionals
  51. 51. # If A ⇒ B 0 If you pour oil on water, it floats. 1st If it rains, we’ll stay at home. 2nd If I were there, I’d tell him. 3rd If I’d been there, I would have told him.
  52. 52. # If A ⇒ B 0 If you pour oil on water, it floats. 1st If it rains, we’ll stay at home. 2nd If I were there, I’d tell him. 3rd If I’d been there, I would have told him.
  53. 53. # If A ⇒ B 0 If you pour oil on water, it floats. 1st If it rains, we’ll stay at home. 2nd If I were there, I’d tell him. 3rd If I’d been there, I would have told him. NB never ‘will or ‘would’ in A
  54. 54. # If A ⇒ B 0 present present 1st present will + inf. 2nd past subjunctive would + inf. 3rd perfect subjunctive would have + inf.
  55. 55. module 7, parts 18, 19, 20
  56. 56. www.davidnicholson.it

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