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# The unreal past and wish

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### The unreal past and wish

1. 1. The Unreal Pastand ‘Wish’<br />
2. 2. What happens to a ‘condition’ when it moves into the past?<br />
3. 3. 1). The conditionwas verified<br />
4. 4. 2). We don’t know if the conditionwas verified<br />
5. 5. 3). The conditionwasn’t verified<br />
6. 6. If you do your homework,<br />you’ll be able to do this exercise.<br />
7. 7. 1). The condition was verified<br />If you do your homework,<br />you’ll be able to do this exercise.<br />
8. 8. 1). The condition was verified<br />You did your homework, and<br />you were able to do that exercise.<br />
9. 9. 1). The condition was verified<br />You did your homework, and<br />you were able to do that exercise, or<br />now you are able to do it.<br />
10. 10. 2). We don’t know if the condition was verified<br />If you do your homework,<br />you’ll be able to do this exercise.<br />
11. 11. 2). We don’t know if the condition was verified<br />If you have done your homework,<br />you’ll be able to do this exercise.<br />
12. 12. 3). The condition wasn’t verified<br />If you do your homework,<br />you’ll be able to do this exercise.<br />
13. 13. 3). The condition wasn’t verified<br />If you had done your homework,<br />you wouldhavebeen able to do that exercise.<br />
14. 14. this form is called the 3rd conditional<br />it describes the ‘unreal past’<br />
15. 15.
16. 16.
17. 17.
18. 18.
19. 19. the‘unreal past’<br />works like this<br />
20. 20.
21. 21.
22. 22.
23. 23.
24. 24. create unreal past sentences from these:<br />I wasn’t at home.<br />I wanted to go with them.<br />We didn’t have her address.<br />She didn’t speak perfect Spanish.<br />You weren’t listening to me.<br />I knew the answer.<br />He had to work hard.<br />You were there.<br />He wasn’t there.<br />This class was supremely intelligent.<br />I didn’t pay attention to the other cars.<br />She didn’t see her friend.<br />It was Monday.<br />I didn’t come to university by scooter.<br />
25. 25. what about ‘wish’?<br />
26. 26. 3 possible constructions:<br />
27. 27. I wish it were Friday.<br />
28. 28. I wish I had known about the party.<br />
29. 29. I wish my neighbours would shut up.<br />
30. 30.
31. 31.
32. 32. compare<br />
33. 33. I hope my neighbours (will) shut up.<br />I want them to shut up maybe they will.<br />
34. 34. I wish my neighbours would shut up.<br />I want them to shut up but I expect that they’ll continue to make a noise.<br />
35. 35. I wish my neighbours would shut up.<br />?<br />
36. 36. what is the present situation?<br />
37. 37. My neighbours won’t shut up.<br />won’t = they don’t want to shut up <br />
38. 38.
39. 39. I wish my neighbours would shut up.<br />‘would’ is the past subjunctive of ‘will’<br />IT IS NOT the conditional!<br />
40. 40. summary<br />
41. 41.
42. 42. NB don’t confuse<br />‘the conditional sentences’<br />(or ‘the conditionals’)<br />ie. sentences with “If A; B”<br />with<br />‘the conditional (tense)’<br />eg. “I would/could/should/might go”<br />
43. 43. notice the symmetry in the constructions <br />