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Prepositions
 

Prepositions

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An overview of English prepositions

An overview of English prepositions

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    Prepositions Prepositions Presentation Transcript

    • Prepositions
    • what is a preposition?
    • think about the name:
    • preposition
    • pre… position
    • pre… position a placebefore
    • pre… position a placebefore I go to the cinema.
    • pre… position a placebefore I go to the cinema.
    • pre… position a placebefore I go to the cinema.
    • the preposition describes the relationship between the verb and the place I go to the cinema.
    • I go to into out of past behind etc. the cinema.
    • ?preposition of movement or adverb of direction
    • He goes into the office. He goes in.
    • He goes into the office. He goes in. preposition adverb
    • He goes out of the office. He goes out.
    • He goes out of the office. He goes out. preposition adverb adverb
    • how to study prepositions
    • the smaller the word the less it translates
    • with prepositions (and articles) DON’T translate
    • learn the rules for: - prepositions of time - prepositions of place - prepositions of movement
    • BUT memorise: - dependant prepositions - phrasal verbs - common errors
    • basic prepositions of time
    • exact time at 3 o’clock midnight the moment days and dates on Monday 4th July my birthday Christmas day periods in March summer 1997 the ’60s the morning / afternoon / evening exceptions at weekends / the weekend Christmas / Easter night
    • I arrived __ 8 pm. What did you do __ Easter? __ summer they go to the sea. We saw him __ Thursday. Did you see her __ last week? It was __ the morning. They study __ night. We finished __ the same time.
    • prepositions of place and movement
    • verbs preposition + home place be / stay / work at / in be at home starting and stopping leave - leave - home arrive at / in / on arrive - home movement go / drive / walk to go - home
    • We went __ home. She walked __ work. The bus left __ the station. She arrived __ Rome. We stayed __ a hotel. When do they arrive __ Italy? They came back __ home. Did you stay __ home?
    • on for technology & in for paper
    • on the phone on a computer on the radio on the TV on an iPod
    • in a book in a magazine in the (news)paper BUT on the page
    • dependent prepositions after verbs
    • depend on listen to wait for increase / decrease by
    • dependent prepositions after adjectives
    • interested in good / bad at afraid of angry with angry about fed up with happy with married to similar to same as
    • nice / kind / rude of sb. (be) nice / kind / horrible to sb. eg. It was nice of him to give you a lift. He was horrible to his wife.
    • sorry about sth. sorry for doing sth. eg. Sorry about the noise last night. I’m sorry for not phoning you. NB. Sorry I’m late.
    • dependent prepositions after nouns
    • opinion of increase / decrease in possibility of
    • phrasal verbs
    • look at look for look after
    • get to get into / out of get onto / off
    • get on with sb. get sb. down get over sth./sb. get together check the meaning of these verbs in the OALD or Grammar Reference
    • give sth. away give sth. back give in give sth. out give sth. up give up check the meaning of these verbs in the OALD or Grammar Reference
    • !no preposition in Italian
    • listen to – ascoltare look at – guardare look for – cercare search for – cercare wait for – aspettare
    • !no preposition in English
    • ask – chiedere a answer – rispondere a call / phone etc. – telefonare a
    • !some common errors
    • ask to sb. married with sb. pay sth. on the newspaper listen sth. good in sth. sorry for sth. increase in sth.
    • exercise
    • find and correct the errors
    • He listens music in MTV. I paid a beer to him into the bar. She got married with an Indian on ’64. The article on the paper was from a leading journalist. We went at her home in Monday. Sorry for my late on the morning. I answer to the phone on weekends.
    • He listens _ music in MTV. I paid _ a beer to him into the bar. She got married with an Indian on ’64. The article on the paper was from a leading journalist. We went at her home in Monday. Sorry for my late on the morning. I answer to the phone on weekends.
    • He listens to music in MTV. I paid for a beer for him at/in the bar. She got married to an Indian in ’64. The article in the paper was by a leading journalist. We went to hers on Monday. Sorry I was late in the morning. I answer _ the phone at weekends.
    • translating
    • fino a
    • until [time] up to [number] as far as [distance]
    • da
    • from [origin; starting point] by [passive] for / since [in Present Perfect]
    • at / to mine [= my house] at / to Bob’s [= Bob’s house] at / to the Chemist’s [= the Chemist’s shop]
    • homework
    • Module 6, parts 12, 13 & 16
    • www.davidnicholson.it