Prepositions
what is a preposition?
think about the name:
preposition
pre… position
pre… position
a placebefore
pre… position
a placebefore
I go to the cinema.
pre… position
a placebefore
I go to the cinema.
pre… position
a placebefore
I go to the cinema.
the preposition
describes the
relationship
between the verb
and the place
I go to the cinema.
I go
to
into
out of
past
behind
etc.
the cinema.
?preposition of movement
or
adverb of direction
He goes into the office.
He goes in.
He goes into the office.
He goes in.
preposition
adverb
He goes out of the office.
He goes out.
He goes out of the office.
He goes out.
preposition
adverb
adverb
how to study prepositions
the smaller the word
the less it translates
with prepositions
(and articles)
DON’T translate
learn the rules for:
- prepositions of time
- prepositions of place
- prepositions of movement
BUT memorise:
- dependant prepositions
- phrasal verbs
- common errors
basic prepositions of time
exact time at
3 o’clock
midnight
the moment
days and
dates
on
Monday
4th July
my birthday
Christmas day
periods in
March
s...
I arrived __ 8 pm.
What did you do __ Easter?
__ summer they go to the sea.
We saw him __ Thursday.
Did you see her __ las...
prepositions of place and
movement
verbs preposition + home
place
be / stay /
work
at / in be at home
starting and
stopping
leave - leave - home
arrive at / ...
We went __ home.
She walked __ work.
The bus left __ the station.
She arrived __ Rome.
We stayed __ a hotel.
When do they ...
on for technology
&
in for paper
on the phone
on a computer
on the radio
on the TV
on an iPod
in a book
in a magazine
in the (news)paper
BUT
on the page
dependent prepositions
after verbs
depend on
listen to
wait for
increase / decrease by
dependent prepositions
after adjectives
interested in
good / bad at
afraid of
angry with
angry about
fed up with
happy with
married to
similar to
same as
nice / kind / rude of sb.
(be) nice / kind / horrible to sb.
eg.
It was nice of him to give you a lift.
He was horrible to...
sorry about sth.
sorry for doing sth.
eg.
Sorry about the noise last night.
I’m sorry for not phoning you.
NB. Sorry I’m l...
dependent prepositions
after nouns
opinion of
increase / decrease in
possibility of
phrasal verbs
look at
look for
look after
get to
get into / out of
get onto / off
get on with sb.
get sb. down
get over sth./sb.
get together
check the meaning of these verbs in
the OALD or Grammar Refere...
give sth. away
give sth. back
give in
give sth. out
give sth. up
give up
check the meaning of these verbs in
the OALD or G...
!no preposition in Italian
listen to – ascoltare
look at – guardare
look for – cercare
search for – cercare
wait for – aspettare
!no preposition in English
ask – chiedere a
answer – rispondere a
call / phone etc. – telefonare a
!some common errors
ask to sb.
married with sb.
pay sth.
on the newspaper
listen sth.
good in sth.
sorry for sth.
increase in sth.
exercise
find and correct the errors
He listens music in MTV.
I paid a beer to him into the bar.
She got married with an Indian on ’64.
The article on the pape...
He listens _ music in MTV.
I paid _ a beer to him into the bar.
She got married with an Indian on ’64.
The article on the ...
He listens to music in MTV.
I paid for a beer for him at/in the bar.
She got married to an Indian in ’64.
The article in t...
translating
fino a
until [time]
up to [number]
as far as [distance]
da
from [origin; starting point]
by [passive]
for / since [in Present Perfect]
at / to mine [= my house]
at / to Bob’s [= Bob’s house]
at / to the Chemist’s
[= the Chemist’s shop]
homework
Module 6, parts 12, 13 & 16
www.davidnicholson.it
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Prepositions

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An overview of English prepositions

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Prepositions

  1. 1. Prepositions
  2. 2. what is a preposition?
  3. 3. think about the name:
  4. 4. preposition
  5. 5. pre… position
  6. 6. pre… position a placebefore
  7. 7. pre… position a placebefore I go to the cinema.
  8. 8. pre… position a placebefore I go to the cinema.
  9. 9. pre… position a placebefore I go to the cinema.
  10. 10. the preposition describes the relationship between the verb and the place I go to the cinema.
  11. 11. I go to into out of past behind etc. the cinema.
  12. 12. ?preposition of movement or adverb of direction
  13. 13. He goes into the office. He goes in.
  14. 14. He goes into the office. He goes in. preposition adverb
  15. 15. He goes out of the office. He goes out.
  16. 16. He goes out of the office. He goes out. preposition adverb adverb
  17. 17. how to study prepositions
  18. 18. the smaller the word the less it translates
  19. 19. with prepositions (and articles) DON’T translate
  20. 20. learn the rules for: - prepositions of time - prepositions of place - prepositions of movement
  21. 21. BUT memorise: - dependant prepositions - phrasal verbs - common errors
  22. 22. basic prepositions of time
  23. 23. exact time at 3 o’clock midnight the moment days and dates on Monday 4th July my birthday Christmas day periods in March summer 1997 the ’60s the morning / afternoon / evening exceptions at weekends / the weekend Christmas / Easter night
  24. 24. I arrived __ 8 pm. What did you do __ Easter? __ summer they go to the sea. We saw him __ Thursday. Did you see her __ last week? It was __ the morning. They study __ night. We finished __ the same time.
  25. 25. prepositions of place and movement
  26. 26. verbs preposition + home place be / stay / work at / in be at home starting and stopping leave - leave - home arrive at / in / on arrive - home movement go / drive / walk to go - home
  27. 27. We went __ home. She walked __ work. The bus left __ the station. She arrived __ Rome. We stayed __ a hotel. When do they arrive __ Italy? They came back __ home. Did you stay __ home?
  28. 28. on for technology & in for paper
  29. 29. on the phone on a computer on the radio on the TV on an iPod
  30. 30. in a book in a magazine in the (news)paper BUT on the page
  31. 31. dependent prepositions after verbs
  32. 32. depend on listen to wait for increase / decrease by
  33. 33. dependent prepositions after adjectives
  34. 34. interested in good / bad at afraid of angry with angry about fed up with happy with married to similar to same as
  35. 35. nice / kind / rude of sb. (be) nice / kind / horrible to sb. eg. It was nice of him to give you a lift. He was horrible to his wife.
  36. 36. sorry about sth. sorry for doing sth. eg. Sorry about the noise last night. I’m sorry for not phoning you. NB. Sorry I’m late.
  37. 37. dependent prepositions after nouns
  38. 38. opinion of increase / decrease in possibility of
  39. 39. phrasal verbs
  40. 40. look at look for look after
  41. 41. get to get into / out of get onto / off
  42. 42. get on with sb. get sb. down get over sth./sb. get together check the meaning of these verbs in the OALD or Grammar Reference
  43. 43. give sth. away give sth. back give in give sth. out give sth. up give up check the meaning of these verbs in the OALD or Grammar Reference
  44. 44. !no preposition in Italian
  45. 45. listen to – ascoltare look at – guardare look for – cercare search for – cercare wait for – aspettare
  46. 46. !no preposition in English
  47. 47. ask – chiedere a answer – rispondere a call / phone etc. – telefonare a
  48. 48. !some common errors
  49. 49. ask to sb. married with sb. pay sth. on the newspaper listen sth. good in sth. sorry for sth. increase in sth.
  50. 50. exercise
  51. 51. find and correct the errors
  52. 52. He listens music in MTV. I paid a beer to him into the bar. She got married with an Indian on ’64. The article on the paper was from a leading journalist. We went at her home in Monday. Sorry for my late on the morning. I answer to the phone on weekends.
  53. 53. He listens _ music in MTV. I paid _ a beer to him into the bar. She got married with an Indian on ’64. The article on the paper was from a leading journalist. We went at her home in Monday. Sorry for my late on the morning. I answer to the phone on weekends.
  54. 54. He listens to music in MTV. I paid for a beer for him at/in the bar. She got married to an Indian in ’64. The article in the paper was by a leading journalist. We went to hers on Monday. Sorry I was late in the morning. I answer _ the phone at weekends.
  55. 55. translating
  56. 56. fino a
  57. 57. until [time] up to [number] as far as [distance]
  58. 58. da
  59. 59. from [origin; starting point] by [passive] for / since [in Present Perfect]
  60. 60. at / to mine [= my house] at / to Bob’s [= Bob’s house] at / to the Chemist’s [= the Chemist’s shop]
  61. 61. homework
  62. 62. Module 6, parts 12, 13 & 16
  63. 63. www.davidnicholson.it
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