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Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
Present Perfect 2
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Present Perfect 2

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Present Perfect for Recent Past …

Present Perfect for Recent Past
- just
- yet
- already

Published in: Education, Travel, Technology
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  1. Present PerfectorPast Simplepart 2
  2. A: I’ve lost my keys.
  3. A: I’ve lost my keys.‘A’ has some problems.What are they?
  4. A: I’ve lost my keys.B: Oh! How did you lose them?A: This morning, I tripped goingdownstairs. I dropped my bag andwhen I picked it up some thingsfell out of my pocket. I think I lostmy keys then.
  5. A: I’ve lost my keys.B: Oh! How did you lose them?A: This morning, I tripped goingdownstairs. I dropped my bag andwhen I picked it up some thingsfell out of my pocket. I think I lostmy keys then.
  6. A: I’ve lost my keys.B: Oh! How did you lose them?A: This morning, going downstairs Itripped. I dropped my bag andwhen I picked it up some thingsfell out of my pocket. I think I lostmy keys then.Present PerfectPast Simple
  7. A: I’ve lost my keys.B: Oh! How did you lose them?A: This morning, I tripped goingdownstairs. I dropped my bag andwhen I picked it up some thingsfell out of my pocket. I think I lostthem then.recent pastnarrative time
  8. ItrippedgoingdownstairsIdroppedmybagIpickeditupsomethingsfelloutofmypocketIlostmykeysthen
  9. ItrippedgoingdownstairsIdroppedmybagIpickeditupsomethingsfelloutofmypocketIlostmykeysthen
  10. ItrippedgoingdownstairsIdroppedmybagIpickeditupsomethingsfelloutofmypocketIlostmykeysthen‘narrative time’ is portable
  11. I think the time in a narrative islike the space in a picture:it only exists inside its container
  12. A: I’ve lost my keys.B: Oh! How did you lose them?A: This morning, I tripped goingdownstairs. I dropped my bag andwhen I picked it up some thingsfell out of my pocket. I think I lostmy keys then.
  13. A: I lost my keys.
  14. A: I lost my keys.Do we know whathappened next?
  15. A: I lost my keys.I looked everywhere. In the end Ihad to call the locksmith.
  16. or
  17. A: I lost my keys.But I found them again after 5minutes—they were in my pocket!
  18. A: I lost my keys.Do we know whathappened next?No!In a narrative wemust wait for thenext verb.
  19. compare
  20. A: I’ve lost my keys.
  21. A: I’ve lost my keys.I don’t have mykeys. I can’t getinto my flat. I havea big problem.HELP!
  22. A: I’ve lost my keys.I don’t have mykeys. I can’t getinto my flat. I havea big problem.HELP!
  23. A: I’ve lost my keys.I don’t have mykeys. I can’t getinto my flat. I havea big problem.HELP!There’s a‘presentconsequence’to the PresentPerfect for therecent past
  24. 1st RULEUse the Present Perfect toannounce news.Use the Past Simple to tell the storyof the news.
  25. A: I’ve lost my keys.B: Oh! How did you lose them?A: This morning, I tripped goingdownstairs. I dropped my bag andwhen I picked it up some thingsfell out of my pocket. I think I lostmy keys then.Ho perso le chiavi.Le ho perse allora?
  26. A: I’ve lost my keys.B: Oh! How did you lose them?A: This morning, I tripped goingdownstairs. I dropped my bag andwhen I picked it up some thingsfell out of my pocket. I think I lostmy keys then.Ho perso le chiavi.Le ho perse allora?PassatoProssimo
  27. 1st RULE – in translationItalian uses the Passato Prossimoboth for announcing news and for(recent)‘narrative time’.
  28. past simple or present perfectShe [make] a phone call at 3pm.Look! The President [arrived].We [not do] the homework for this lesson.I [never go] to New York.You [wear] the jacket yesterday?I’m free. I [finish] all my work.I [go] there in 2009.He isn’t here. He [go] to the bar.You [not watch] the match last night.You [see] John?You [see] John when you were at the bar?
  29. past simple or present perfectShe made a phone call at 3pm.Look! The President has arrived.We haven’t done the homework for this lesson.I have never been to New York.Did you wear the jacket yesterday?I’m free. I have finished all my work.I went there in 2009.He isn’t here. He has gone to the bar.You didn’t watch the match last night.Have you seen John?Did you see John when you were at the bar?
  30. Notice the adverbs
  31. A: I’ve just had a coffee.
  32. A: I’ve just had a coffee.a short time ago (+ive)‘appena’
  33. A: We’ve already seen this film.
  34. A: We’ve already seen this film.no need to repeat (+ive)‘già’
  35. A: Gianni’s already finished hishomework.
  36. A: Gianni’s already finished hishomework.before expected (+ive)‘già’
  37. A: Have you read thenewspaper yet?
  38. A: Have you read thenewspaper yet?planned action (?ive)‘già’
  39. A: We haven’t booked ourholiday yet.
  40. A: We haven’t booked ourholiday yet.planned action (-ive)‘ancora’
  41. translate using ‘just’, ‘already’, ‘yet’ and ‘ago’Ha già fatto la telefonata.L’abbiamo finito due minuti fa.L’abbiamo appena finito.Hai già pranzato?Abbiamo già letto l’articolo.(Esso) è appena uscito.L’abbiamo letto poco fa.(Lui) è appena andato al bar.Hai già prenotato la tua vacanza?Noi non abbiamo prenotato ancora……ma John ha già prenotato la sua.
  42. translate using ‘just’, ‘already’, ‘yet’ and ‘ago’Ha già fatto la telefonata. She has already made the call.L’abbiamo finito due minuti fa. We finished it two minutes ago.L’abbiamo appena finito. We’ve just finished it.Hai già pranzato? Have you had lunch yet?Abbiamo già letto l’articolo. We’ve already read the article.(Esso) è appena uscito. It’s just come out.L’abbiamo letto poco fa. We read it a short time ago.(Lui) è appena andato al bar. He has just gone to the bar.Hai già prenotato la tua vacanza? Have you booked your holiday yet?Noi non abbiamo prenotato ancora… We haven’t booked yet……ma John ha già prenotato la sua. …but John has already booked his.
  43. I have had a perfectlywonderful evening, butthis wasnt it.
  44. www.davidnicholson.it

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