Present Perfect 1

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Present Perfect part 1
- Introduction
- Present Perfect for Experience

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Present Perfect 1

  1. 1. Present Perfect or Past Simple part 1
  2. 2. I have done … or I did …
  3. 3. A: Have you ever been to Paris?
  4. 4. A: Have you ever been to Paris? What does ‘A’ want to know?
  5. 5. A: Have you ever been to Paris? B: Yes, I have.
  6. 6. A: Have you ever been to Paris? B: Yes, I have. A: When did you go? Where did you stay? What did you eat?
  7. 7. A: Have you ever been to Paris? B: Yes, I have. A: When did you go? Where did you stay? What did you eat?
  8. 8. Present Perfect A: Have you ever been to Paris? B: Yes, I have. A: When did you go? Where did you stay? What did you eat? Past Simple
  9. 9. indefinite time A: Have you ever been to Paris? B: Yes, I have. A: When did you go? Where did you stay? What did you eat? definite time
  10. 10. When did you see John? We saw him on Monday. at 3 o‟clock. in March. 4 days ago. yesterday. when and what time prepositions of time adverbs of time while we were walking. before he left. conjunctions of time
  11. 11. many time expressions ‘require’ the Past Simple
  12. 12. A: Have you ever been to Paris? B: Yes, I have. A: When did you go? Where did you stay? What did you eat?
  13. 13. A: Have you ever been to Paris? B: Yes, I have. A: When did you go? Where did you stay? What did you eat? definite time with no time expression
  14. 14. SO you can also use the Past Simple for definite time without a time expression if it’s clear that you’re talking about a finished period or activity. In this case the finished period is a trip to Paris.
  15. 15. Contrast this with ‘indefinite time’. The time of the action isn’t defined because it doesn’t matter! Instead, ‘indefinite time’ makes a connection to the present.
  16. 16. 1st RULE Use the Present Perfect for ‘indefinite time’. Use the Past Simple for ‘definite time’.
  17. 17. A: Have you ever been to Paris? B: Yes, I have. A: When did you go?
  18. 18. Sei mai stato a Parigi? A: Have you ever been to Paris? B: Yes, I have. A: When did you go? Quando ci sei stato?
  19. 19. Sei mai stato a Parigi? Passato Prossimo A: Have you ever been to Paris? B: Yes, I have. A: When did you go? Quando ci sei stato?
  20. 20. 1st RULE – in translation Italian uses the Passato Prossimo both for ‘indefinite time’ and for ‘definite time’.
  21. 21. Have you ever been to Paris? BUT Did Hemingway ever go to Paris?
  22. 22. Have you ever been to Paris? What’s the difference between you and Hemingway? Did Hemingway ever go to Paris?
  23. 23. your memory and experience of Paris your life trip to Paris now
  24. 24. no memory or experience of Paris H‟s life trip to Paris 1961 now
  25. 25. The important thing is the connection to the present. Hemingway isn’t alive so there isn’t a connection.
  26. 26. 2nd RULE Use the Present Perfect when ‘indefinite time’ can be related to the present. Use the Past Simple for closed periods.
  27. 27. Sei mai stato a Parigi? Have you ever been to Paris? Hemingway andò mai a Parigi? Did Hemingway ever go to Paris?
  28. 28. 2nd RULE – in translation Italian uses the Passato Prossimo for present experience, and (often/sometimes) the Passato Remoto for closed periods.
  29. 29. put verbs in present perfect or past simple I [do] my homework yesterday. I [do] my homework. We [study] a lot of grammar. They [be] in the office from 10am to 6pm. JK Rowling [write] 8 novels. She [publish] her latest in 2012. You [try] Thai cuisine? My friend [not travel] a lot outside Europe. James Joyce [travel] a lot outside Ireland. I [have] long hair when I [be] young. I never [study] this before.
  30. 30. put verbs in present perfect or past simple I did my homework yesterday. I have done my homework. We have studied a lot of grammar. They were in the office from 10am to 6pm. JK Rowling has written 8 novels. She published her latest in 2012. Have you tried Thai cuisine? My friend has not travelled a lot outside Europe. James Joyce travelled a lot outside Ireland. I had long hair when I was young. I have never studied this before.
  31. 31. Have you ever been to Paris?
  32. 32. Have you ever been to Paris? Do you notice anything strange here?
  33. 33. infinitive past tense past participle be was / were been gone go went been
  34. 34. John‟s been to the bar and he‟s brought me a coffee.
  35. 35. John‟s been to the bar and he‟s brought me a coffee. Where’s John now?
  36. 36. Ann‟s gone to the bar and so she can‟t do this exercise.
  37. 37. Ann‟s gone to the bar and so she can‟t do this exercise. Where’s Ann now?
  38. 38. been or gone Use been when the subject has gone and also returned. Use gone when the subject has NOT returned.
  39. 39. choose „been‟ or „gone‟ Where‟s Paul? He ________ to the bank. I ________ to the bank. Here‟s the €20 I owe you. I‟m watching TV. All my flatmates ________ for a drink. He ____ never ____ to a football match! „Can I speak to Sally?‟ „Sorry, she ________ out.‟ How many times ____ you ____ to the cinema this month? The office is closed. All the staff ________ home. ____ you ever ____ to a Japanese restaurant? ____ you ____ to the shops yet? The milk ________ off. The President ________ mad! [Note on kitchen table] “Your dinner‟s in the oven. I ________ to the pub.”
  40. 40. choose „been‟ or „gone‟ Where‟s Paul? He ‟s gone to the bank. I ‟ve been to the bank. Here‟s the €20 I owe you. I‟m watching TV. All my flatmates have gone for a drink. He ‟s never been to a football match! „Can I speak to Sally?‟ „Sorry, she ‟s gone out.‟ How many times have you been to the cinema this month? The office is closed. All the staff have gone home. Have you ever been to a Japanese restaurant? Have you been to the shops yet? The milk ‟s gone off. The President ‟s gone mad! [Note on kitchen table] “Your dinner‟s in the oven. I ‟ve gone to the pub.”
  41. 41. A: Have you ever been to Paris? B: No, never. And I‟ve never been to London. A: What! Have you never been to London! C: I‟ve never been here before.
  42. 42. Notice the adverbs A: Have you ever been to Paris? B: No, never. And I‟ve never been to London. A: What! Have you never been to London! C: I‟ve never been here before.
  43. 43. Notice the adverbs A: Have you ever been to Paris? B: No, never. And I‟ve never been to London. A: What! Have you never been to London! C: I‟ve never been here before.
  44. 44. www.davidnicholson.it

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