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E-Learning in Malaysia
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E-Learning in Malaysia






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E-Learning in Malaysia E-Learning in Malaysia Presentation Transcript

  • E-learning initiatives in Malaysia
    Dr. David Asirvatham
    Centre for IT
    University Malaya
  • Overview
    Malaysia’s Strategy
    ICT Indicators
    Short History of e-learning initiatives in Malaysia
    E-learning initiatives
    Higher Education (HE)
  • Malaysia’s Strategy:9th Malaysia Plan (2006-2010)Second Phase of Vision 2020
    Seven strategies for the development of Malaysia:
    Promoting new sources of high value added growth
    Strengthening small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)
    Developing new avenues for domestic investment
    Dealing with the emergence of China and India
    Completing the rehabilitation and liberalising of the financial sector
    Building world-class human capital
    Remaining cognisant of income distribution
  • National ICT Agenda
    - Work Culture
    - ICT Skills- Knowledge worker
    - Learning Society
    - United, moral & ethical
    - Smart Schools
    - e-govt.
    - Smartcard
    - Tele-medicine
    - Others
    - Communication
    - Fibre-Optic Cabling
    - Gigabit ATM
    - Satellite
    - Transport/Logistic
    - etc
  • Education Level
  • Growth of Cellular Phones
    Cell Phones in Malaysia
  • Broadband Usage in Malaysia
    Number of broadband subscribers
  • Internet Growth
  • Time spent on Internet
  • Activities on the net
  • Blog and Messaging
    Blog Access
    Blog Awareness
    Instant Messaging
  • E-Readiness – ASEAN Region: Where are we?
    • Basic infrastructure requirements for e-readiness in place
    • Political commitment for ICT revolution
    • Comprehensive infrastructure framework established
    • Framework being updated for effective implementation
    • General acceptance of ICT by citizens, business and government
    • Incorporating e-business requirements into policies, legislations and regulations
    • Efforts taken to enhance international standing
    • Has moved to world-class practice
    • ICT used to improve productivity and standards of living
    Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar & Vietnam
    Thailand & Philippines
  • Development of e-Learning in Malaysia
    Pre e-learning
    e-learning: Schools
    e-learning: Universities
    e-learning: National level
    1997: MOE through ETD actively involved in Smart Schools- beginning of e-learning.
    1972: Educational Technology Division set up by Ministry of Education:
    Educational radio and television broadcasts to schools
    1992:National E-Learning Steering Committee
    1994: National IT Council
    1997: Research Education Network: TEMAN*
    2004:Metadata Centre
    Activities by NITC
    University of Malaya-
    First LMS in the country - COL : Course On-Line
    1999 : MMU, IMU and UNITAR launched LMS
    2001 : OUM : Started E-Learning. Now 34,000 students
    2002: Smart school application software in 90 pilot schools
    2005: 15 State Libraries and 336 Teacher Activity Centres
    2004: Beginning of active “e-learning”
    National e-Learning Centre (NELC):
    2005: ASEAN E-Learning Seminar
    *TEMAN –Test-bed Environment for Malaysian Multimedia Applications and Networking
  • Growth of ICT in Malaysia
    Expected Growth Rate from 2005 to 2009: 15.6%
    System Integration (SI): 40%
    Support & Training: 32.3%
    Outsourcing: 27.7%
    Source: IDC (2005)
    • SMBs in Malaysia spent about $4.6 Billion on ICT in 2008.
    • IT spending grew at 7% (US$5,704.6 million) in 2008, compared to a 10.6% growth in 2007
    IDC's November 2007 Worldwide Black Book
  • Global Service Location Index(Outsourcing): 2009 Report.
  • E-readiness Rankingamong 65 countries
  • E-Readiness Ranking 2009
  • E-readiness Ranking: Asia-Pacific
  • Internet Programme for rural areas
    Delivery of Internet and e-learning to rural community in Malaysia
    Post-Offices have been installed with computers and Internet access (Cybercafe concept)
    Free access to rural community
  • National E-learning Centre (NELC)
  • National E-Learning Centre
    To promote e-learning in the country
    Act as one-stop centre for e-learning
    Will be driven by public and private sector
    Certification LMS and Content
    Establish technical work groups (e.g. SCORM)
    Organize training, forums, seminars, etc
    Establishment of the centre has been delayed
  • E-learning Initiative for the Government sector
    E-learning initiatives for the government sector to be spearheaded by INTAN
    Establishment of the National Steering Committee for e-learning in public sector
    Implementation (2006)
    Platform and Content to conform to SCORM
    Many government-based tender and specification support SCROM
    E.g. MHE, INTAN, MOE, etc
  • E-Learning Initiatives in HE
    Almost all public and private universities have e-learning platform
    Many have setup e-learning units, committees and policies.
    Usage varies from 20% - 90%
    Many seminars, conferences and workshops have been organised.
    Many research initiatives on e-learning
  • e-Learning Availability in Institute of Higher Learning (2005)
  • E-learning in Malaysia
    E-learning Initiatives: First Virtual University
    Universiti Tun Abdul Razak
    • Established in 1999
    • E-learning concept
    • Degree programmes
    • Business and ICT
    • Virtual Online Instructional
    Support System (VOISS)
  • E-learning in Malaysia
    E-learning Initiatives: Malaysian Open University
    Open University of Malaysia
    • Consortium of 11 public universities
    • First Batch: Oct. 2001
    • E-learning concept
    • Some face-to-face
    • Degree and Diploma programmes
    • Business and ICT
  • Multimedia University
    MMU in-campus programmes (> 100 Degree Programmes)
    Face-to-face the main mode of delivery
    All lecture notes, ppt, etc. are delivered using MMLS
    Multimedia Content
    20,000 students/staff use the system
    250,000 hits x 2 servers per month
    Internet-based Degree Programme
    IT and e-business programmes
    Online MBA programme
  • Multimedia University
    National Income Tax Training Centre, Malaysia
    CIAST (Human Resource Training Centre), Malaysia
    National University Malaysia (UKM)
    Melaka International School, Malaysia
    EXD Network, Malaysia
    TMNet (ISP), Malaysia
    Penang Skill Development College, Malaysia
    17 schools
    La Rochella University, France
    NEMISA and ISSA, South Africa
    Matrushri Academy, India.
    Computer Man University College, Sudan
  • 5 June 2002, Bangkok
    E-learning in Malaysia
    Other e-learning initiatives
    Penang e-learning Portal:
    • promote knowledge sharing
    • information exchange & collaboration
    • USM, Penang State Govt., Penang skill
    Development Centre, HD Training & RIFA
    • School-Industry Partnership Initiation (SIPI)
  • 5 June 2002, Bangkok
    E-learning in Malaysia
    Other e-learning initiatives
    Cikgu Net Portal:
    • target teachers and students
    • articles, self-development guide, lesson plan,
    collaboration tools, teaching resources.
    • wide range of educational resources
  • 5 June 2002, Bangkok
    E-learning in Malaysia
    Other e-learning initiatives
    Study Malaysia Portal:
    • career guidance for students
    • matching programmes for students
    • developed by consortium of private colleges
    • target local and international students
  • 5 June 2002, Bangkok
    E-learning in Malaysia
    Other e-learning initiatives
    KnowledgeOnline Portal:
    • offers over 500 programmes
    • e-learning mode
    • e.g. Programming, Networking, Database, TCP/IP
    • aim: assist human resource development in the country
  • 5 June 2002, Bangkok
    E-learning in Malaysia
    Other e-learning initiatives
    My e-Tutor Portal:
    • provides tuition for school students
    • wide range of Malaysian schools subjects
    • primary and secondary level
    • educational information
  • Demo … e-learning system at HE
  • Summary: Status of e-learning in Malaysia
    Many e-learning seminars, workshops and conferences have been conducted
    A lot of interest in e-learning as shown by papers in conferences by public and private higher educational institutions
    Many have adopted SCORM
    More companies are involved in providing e-learning solutions: LMS and Content
    There are more than 128 companies that are registered with PIKOM who provide e-learning or related solutions.
    Almost all the content development companies provide solutions that are SCORM compliance.
    Many universities have established their own e-learning centre
    Many universities have adopted SCORM Stds
    E-learning is used in schools (smart schools), colleges, Library, etc.
    Public Sector has started e-learning programme (prototype) for govt. employees
    Corporate companies are beginning to promote e-learning to their employees (e.g. Maybank, BNM , Telekom, etc)
    Establishment of National E-learning Standards (in progress)
    ASEAN e-learning Conference
  • Conclusion
    Good ICT infrastructure is available
    The Malaysian government has invested a lot on ICT and e-learning
    E-learning is widely used in educational institutions but implementation has been slow in private sector.
    A lot of initiatives taken by ministry for schools (primarily content development)
    Usage of e-learning in schools/colleges has be gradual. Cultural change is needed.
    Interest in e-learning is high (many seminars/conference with a high turnout)
    A lot of research is done in e-learning by universities.
    Many solution providers for content and system.
    SCORM Stds being adopted by many.
  • Still growing…Thank you
    June 2009