After becoming chancellor in 1933 Hitler
began to create the perfect population; a
master race of pure Germans.
They were known as the Aryan Race.
They were depicted as tall with blond
hair, blue eyes and strong athletic ability.
The SS were a prime example of selective
breeding in the Nazi Regime. They only
recruited soldiers of pure Aryan blood. It
was compulsory for SS soldiers to prove
their racial history.
Hitler’s aim was to have a pure Aryan race
and those who didn’t meet that criteria
were known as the minorities.
Political opponents – communists
Typical criminals, tramps &
Hitler’s main targets were the Jewish population; many would
argue that no one fared worse!
All Jews in Germany suffered outrageously
due to the appalling actions and radical
beliefs of the Nazis.
In "Mein Kampf” derogatory names like
"filthy Jew" plagued the pages and how the
Jews planned to "contaminate" the blood of
More than 2,000 racist laws and decrees were
issued between 1933 and 1945; the first one
being the boycott of Jewish stores in April 1933
Jews were treated as second class citizens;
they had no control and had to sit on seats
marked for them.
Jewish children were ridiculed by teachers and
Passed in 1935; these were a collection of
race laws that ultimately aimed to
segregate the Jews from the German
Jews lost their right to be German
citizens and marriage between Jews and
non-Jews was forbidden
Jews no longer had rights and could be
totally controlled by the Nazis.
This law lead to much harsher treatment
of Jews; most shops refused to sell food
or medicines to Jews, making their life
After the murder of Ernst von Rath, a
Nazi 'diplomat‘ by a young Jew,
Herschel Grynszpan in Paris, the Nazis
took revenge against the Jews in a
violent attack known as Kristallnacht,
the Night of Broken Glass.
More than 10, 000 shops owned by Jews
were destroyed and their contents
Thousands of synagogues, Jewish
businesses and homes were damaged or
destroyed all over Germany- with many
set on fire and left to burn.
Around 30,000 Jews were also arrested
and sent to concentration camps like
The Final solution, decided at the Wannsee
Conference in 1942 was believed to create
an end to the Jews and other ‘undesirable’
races through mass murder.
Ghettos were used to isolated the Jews,
make their life miserable and make the
deportation of the Jews to concentration
They were treated as animals, sent to camps
in cattle trains. Many Jews died from
starvation from just the horrendous
Guns were used at first to kill Jews at first,
however it only killed very few and used
too much time. By 1941 gas chambers were
used instead; the poisonous chemicals
caused instant death.
• In the final months of the war the SS
authorities did not want prisoners alive
in the hands of their enemies – they
would definitely tell their stories to
Allied and Soviet liberators!
As a result :
• Death walks took place in the hope the
final prisoners would collapse to their
• Finally on May 7, 1945 German armed
forces surrendered unconditionally to
• World War II officially ended on the
next day, leaving Germany and the
Nazis with many questions to answer.
In the end this volatile genocide meant:
7 million non-Jewish Soviet people were killed
2.8 million Soviet prisoners of war were killed
2.5 million non-Jewish Poles were killed
1.5 million non-Jewish Poles were sent to forced labour
500,000 gypsies were killed
400,000 people were forcibly sterilised
250,000 disabled people were killed
15,000 homosexuals were sent to concentration camps
10,000 Jehovah’s Witnesses were sent to concentration
6 million Jews were killed