1. Edexcel GCSE History - S H P Crime and Punishment Unit Revision Mindmaps – Core content By Mr Wallbanks
2. Reasons for severe Attitudes to approach to crime punishment The Bloody CodeGuy Fawkes & the The introduction ofGunpowder Plot Transportation Theft Crime and Punishment inTreason the Early Modern Era Jonathan Wild (1450- 1700) Types of Crime Early policing Poaching The Vagabonds Smuggling Constables & Hue and Cry Watchmen
3. Problems of Problems caused by the policing development of towns Smuggling How did the growth of towns Attitudes of law lead to increases in the makers number & types of crime?Response of thepeople Transportation Poaching The Tolpuddle Martyrs Attitudes of the Their crime authorities.
4. Prison conditions The work of The work of John Elizabeth Fry Howard Prison conditions and prison reformers 1750 – 1900.The end oftransportation New prisons/ improvements Changing attitudes to the purpose of prisonThe end of the Bloody Silent and separateCode systems The end of public execution
5. Opposition to Sir Robert Peel early police Early problems/ successes Later developments Why the police were introduced? The development of the police force The army as riot The Fielding control Brothers What did the Bow Street The Peterloo Runners do? Massacre Dealing with riots & law and orderSuccesses Limitations
6. The end of public executions Changing attitudes to punishmentIncreasing useof prisons How did the nature of punishment change 1750 - 1900? The end of the Bloody Code The end of transportation
7. Consequences Problems facing the Events police How has terrorism changed the work of the police Abolition of execution Two Key Events of the 20th CenturyEffect onattitudes toexecution Who was Derek Bentley? Why his case is so important His punishment Crime
8. Handling complaints Specialisation of the against the police police Responding to new types of crimeChanging How policing developedattitudes to the in the 20th century.police. The changing role of the police Community Policing Crime prevention & detecting criminals Using new Dealing with technology terrorism
9. Tax evasion What effect does new technology have on crime? Smuggling?Computercrimes Are there any Race relationship New crimes or old laws new crimes ? in the 21st century? People Car crime trafficking How has the government become involved in the defining of crime? Traffic offences
10. Prisons and young peopleChanges in the purpose ofprisons New punishments/ alternatives to prison How have punishments changed in the 20th century? Women in prisons Why was the death penalty abolished?
11. Extension Studies (You must know all 3 inside out as the questions on this are worth 50% of this unit’s mark)A) Witchcraft in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.•Why were people afraid of witchcraft?•How did the authorities make this a crime?•How were witches punished?•Why did society undergo a witchcraft craze? - You need to focus on the influence of the attitudes insociety on the fear of witches.•Why did the fear of witchcraft die out?•Finally you need to be able to identify how the changing of attitudes resulted in changes to the law.B) Conscientious objection in the twentieth century.•How were the Conscientious Objectors punished by the authorities in the First and Second WorldWars?•What were the attitudes in society of the Conscientious Objectors?•Why was being a CO considered to be a crime in World War One and why did attitudes to being a COchange?•How did the changing of attitudes towards being a CO result in changes to the law?C) Domestic violence in the twentieth century.•How have attitudes towards domestic violence changed? What caused these changes?•You need to understand why domestic violence was not considered to be a crime and why attitudes todomestic violence changed.•You need to be able to identify how the changing of attitudes resulted in changes to the law.•You need to understand how authority reacted to domestic violence and how those involved werepunished.
12. Matthew Hopkins Why did the fear of witchcraft die out? •Why were people afraid of witchcraft? Why did society undergo a witchcraft craze? -King James I’s book Witchcraft in the sixteenth and Elizabeth I’s laws seventeenth centuries.•How were witchespunished? •How did the authorities make Finally you need to be this a crime? able to identify how the changing of King James I attitudes resulted in witchcraft laws changes to the law. Henry VIII’s laws
13. Second World War First World War Punishments First World War How the law changed as a result of changing attitudesThe attitudes of Conscientious objection in thethe authoritiesto COs twentieth century.Second World War Attitudes to C Os by society Why did attitudes to being a CO change First World War Second World War
14. The media Protest Jack Erin groups Ashley Pizzey What caused these How have attitudes changes? towards domestic violence changed?How those involvedwere punished. Domestic violence in the twentieth century. How authority Why domestic violence was reacted to domestic How changing not considered to be a crime. violence. attitudes resulted in changes to the law. Why attitudes to domestic violence changed.