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Making A Difference Through College Counseling
 

Making A Difference Through College Counseling

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Presentation conducted for Lewis University School Counseling Interns. Presentation is 90 minutes and conducted each semester.

Presentation conducted for Lewis University School Counseling Interns. Presentation is 90 minutes and conducted each semester.

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  • One analysis shows the increase in high school students will be primarily all minority groups with Hispanic and Latino students doubling. Truth: There are 3400 accredited colleges in the US. In theory, there is a place on a college campus for any high school graduate. 83% of undergraduates enrolled in a place where cost are reasonable. 46% enrolled at community college and 37% enrolled at state institutions.
  • EA Advantage: Know your choice early, but doesn’t necessarily improve chances. Schools like Harvard and Princeton are starting to move away from EA/ED plans
  • Less common than EA/ED
  • Research process of applying for CSS profile on www.collegeboard.com
  • Not necessarily an advantage, but the notion is applying ED shows more interest. High need students are less advantage because of financial aid and limited counsel
  • Common app started in 1975 with just 15 colleges and universities
  • There are only about 50-100 colleges which fall into the most selective category
  • Double check on Regular Application Deadline and check on percentage of students accepted.
  • **ED decisions are given December 15 th and deposit due by February 1
  • $93 x 32 = 2,976. Compass Test provides class placement into reading, writing and math.
  • Mention how MAP and Pell will cover junior college costs
  • Find some list serve topic examples and discuss
  • FAFSA completion workshops for students and families – speak to your high schools – easy for students to use
  • Discuss the online research articles and bring some in for an example…pass around room?
  • Tease with opportunity to attend District Seminar – eligible to receive CPDUs
  • Plane tours are on even years and bus is every year
  • Share my own experiences with IACAC

Making A Difference Through College Counseling Making A Difference Through College Counseling Presentation Transcript

  • An introduction to understanding college admissions and the resources to help you and your students along the wa y Dave Shafron, Guidance Counselor Lincoln Park High School
  • Preview of Chapters
    • Application and Admission Processes
    • Financial Aid Overview
    • Professional Associations
    • Raffle and Prizes!
  • Impact of College Counseling …
  • Impact of College Counseling…
  • How is America Doing?
    • According to recent data, if 100 students started a four year bachelor’s degree, how many would finish in six years?
      • 53%
    • If 10 students start at a community college, how many of them will have an associates degree within three years?
      • Three
    • Where does America rank when examining the number of adults with a college degree?
      • 10 th
    • In the state of Illinois, how many adults, ages 24-35 have received a college degree?
      • 43%
      • www.completecollege.org
  • Why is America falling short?
    • Inadequate academic preparation
    • Poorly designed and delivered remediation
    • Broken credit transfer policies
    • Confusing financial aid programs
    • A culture that rewards enrollment instead of completion
    • A system too often out of touch with the needs of the today’s college student.
    • www.completecollege.org
  •  
  •  
  • “ Everything you want is out there waiting for you to ask. Everything you want also wants you. But you have to take action to get it .” -Jules Renard
  • Knowing the Lingo
    • Regular Decision – Submit an application by the Universities stated deadline. Student may apply to more than one school under Regular Decision (i.e. Illinois State)
    • Rolling Admission – Accepts applications throughout the year (i.e. Elmhurst College, Lewis University)
    • Open Enrollment – Accepts applications throughout the year and will allow entry with minimal requirements
    • (i.e. Moraine Valley Community College)
  • Early Action
    • “ In deciding whether or not to apply Early, a student should ask themselves a simple question: can I submit my best application in October of my senior year?” www.admissions.nd.edu
    • A non-binding program allowing the student to apply to more than one school
    • The college will inform them of the decision in early to mid January and the student has until May 1 to decide
  • Restricted Early Action
    • Similar procedures and guidelines as Early Action
    • Student may apply to only one school under this plan
    • Student may apply to other schools through Regular Admission
    • Student still has until May 1 to make decision
    • Example: Stanford University and Yale University
  • Early Decision
    • A binding agreement where the student agrees to attend that school if offered admission and an adequate financial aid package.
    • Student may only apply to one college under Early Decision, but is free to apply to other colleges under Regular Decision.
    • High School agrees to send transcripts for only one Early Decision application
  • Early Decision (continued)
    • Decisions are given around the middle part of December. If accepted, the student agrees to enroll and withdraw all other offers of admission
    • Financial aid is determined through the College Scholarship Service profile to provide their best estimated financial aid package
    • "Should a student who applies for financial aid not be offered an award that makes attendance possible, the student may decline the offer of admission and be released from the Early Decision commitment" (from NACAC's Statement of Principles ).
  • Common Application
    • Single application used for 425+ colleges and universities across the United States
    • Does not provide any advantage or disadvantages, but school’s may ask for additional application supplements
    • Counselors may submit supplemental resources online (i.e. teacher recommendation, profile, etc.)
    • College may join if they require a letter of recommendation, an untimed essay, and consideration of broader campus diversity
  •  
  • Most Competitive – “Holy Grail”
    • Admits fewer than 5 - 20% of applicants
    • ACT ranges 29-35
    • 4 years of English, Math and Foreign Language, 3-4 years of Lab Sciences and honors and AP courses recommended
  • Highly Competitive
    • Admits between 20-30% of applications
    • ACT ranges 27-29
    • 4 years of English and Math, 3-4 years of Lab Science, Social Science and Foreign Language
    • Recommended courses in Honors and/or AP
  • Very Competitive
    • Fewer than 150 colleges admitting no more than 35% of their applicants
    • 25-27 ACT range
    • Similar course recommendations as previous category
  • Somewhat Competitive
    • 1,000+ colleges admitting between 50-70% of applicants
    • ACT ranges 20-25
    • 4 years of English, 3 years of Math and Science, 2 years Social Science
  • Competitive Admission
    • Admits 70-80% of applications
    • Minimum ACT ranges 18-22
    • 4 years of English, 3 years of Math, 2 years of Science and Social Science
  • Community College
    • By attending 1-2 years, some colleges will review admission strictly using community college scores
    • In – District tuition rate around $93 - 130/credit hour
    • $93 x 30 hours = $2,790 + books = 3,500/year
    • Financial aid is still available at community college level
    • Counselors and students can utilize the Illinois Articulation Initiative to ensure the transferability of general education courses to Illinois colleges.
  • A brief overview of the Admission Process of various Colleges and Universities
  • University of Illinois
    • Priority Application Deadline of November 1
    • Regular Application Deadline of January 1
    • Application requires 2 written essays, application fee, official transcripts, ACT with writing or SAT I
    • Accuracy Counts!
    • University of Illinois received 20,000 applications and about 60% were accepted.
    • Middle 50% range of ACT in 2009 ranged 27 – 32
    • Rank 87 – 93%
  • University of Illinois – Naviance Scattergram
  • Northwestern University
    • Early Decision Deadline: November 1,
    • Regular Decision Deadline: January 1
    • Required Materials: Common App, NU supplemental essays, secondary school report, teacher evaluation and College Scholarship Service profile (CSS Profile)
    • 25,013 Applicants in Fall 2010
    • 6,552 Admission Offers (26%)
    • Average ACT 30-34
    • Early Decision candidates may be deferred
    • to regular admission
  • Northwestern University – Naviance Scattergram
  • Lewis University
    • Rolling Admission
    • Requires application, official transcripts and official ACT or SAT scores
    • Decisions are made as applications are completed
    • Lewis University received 2,800 applications and accepted 2,100 (75%)
    • Average ACT ranged 20-25
    • Average GPA 3.2
  • Lewis University – Naviance Scattergram
  • Joliet Junior College
    • Open Enrollment
    • Requires Application, High School Transcripts or GED and ACT Compass Test
    • Students begin work on general education classes for transfer to four year school or completion of Associates Degree
    • Tuition costs: $93/credit hour
    • 24 credit hours and above may eliminate consideration of secondary grades and/or ACT for transfer admission
  • Admission “Pocket Book” Tips
    • Help your students understand the profiles and requirements
    • Stay up to date with application changes and college updates
    • Know your college representatives
    • Keep learning options and help students understand that there are more options than most will believe
    • Utilize the Illinois Articulation Initiative to familiarize yourself with transfer options
  •  
  • How is Financial Aid Determined?
    • Parents and student complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (www.fafsa.gov)
    • With completion of the FAFSA, a family is provided with their Expected Family Contribution, also known as EFC . The EFC is used against the Cost of Attendance.
    • Colleges and Universities use the EFC to determine “Need” which results in eligibility for grant and loan assistance.
  • Definition of Financial Need
    • Cost of Attendance (tuition, room, board, books, supplies, estimated travel expenses)
    • - Expected Family Contribution
    • = Financial Need
  • How is EFC Determined?
    • Government assesses the families ability to pay for college based on the following:
      • A family’s financial strength
      • Measures available financial resources that help contribute
    • Factors which determine EFC include: Number in household, number in college, age of parent, taxed and untaxed income, Assets and investments (not 401K or 403B)
  • Case Study – EFC Analysis
    • 44 and 46 year old married parents
    • Single income family, parents did not attend college
    • 5 people in family
    • 2 children in college for 2011 - 2012
    • Income 2011:$63,423
    • Assets 2011: $55,000
    • FICA 4,820
    • Fed Income Tax $5,734
    • Use the information to the left.
    • Leave student section BLANK.
  • Solution 39839 23584 15164 1820 4064 Total Allowances Available Income Discretionary Net Worth Asset Contribution Parent Contribution
  • Institutional Need Calculation
    • Expected Family Contribution remains constant
    • Amount of financial aid is determined by cost of institution
    • Grants and Loans are based on the Expected Family Contribution
    • Only 18% of colleges and universities will meet 100% of the University Need. (e.g. Northwestern, U of Chicago)
    Institution Example Lewis University Northwestern University Illinois State Cost of Attendance 33,000 55,000 21,000 EFC 4064 4064 4064 University Need 28936 50936 16936
  • Financial Aid Sources
    • Federal Grants (i.e. Pell, Supplemental Educational Opportunity)
    • State Grants (Monetary Award Program)
    • Institutional Grants (Lewis University Grant)
    • Merit Scholarships (Academic, Athletic, Talent)
    • Loan Programs (Stafford, Perkins, PLUS)
    • Work Study
    • Private Sources (Community, Businesses, Interests Groups)
  • How do you qualify for grants?
    • State of Illinois Monetary Award Program (MAP grant) is awarded to families with EFC of…
      • $8,999 or less
    • The Federal Pell Grant is awarded to families with an EFC of…
      • $4,617 or less
    • Institutional Grants help fill remaining need but vary for each institution
  • Special Scenarios
    • Case #1 – Alex’s mom and dad are divorced and Alex currently lives with his mom. His dad, however, has agreed to pay all college expenses. What parent is responsible for filing the FAFSA?
      • The student files under the parent with which they reside, regardless of who claims as a dependent or who is paying for the education
    • Case #2 – Amber’s parents are divorced and her mom remarried in 2001. Amber currently lives with her mom and stepdad. Who will file her FAFSA?
      • Amber’s mom and stepdad are responsible for filing the FAFSA, resulting in a joint income EFC calculation
  • Special Scenarios
    • Case #3 – Jorge’s parents are divorced, but they have joint custody and he spends an “equal” amount of time at both residences. Who should file the FAFSA?
      • When it is “equal” there is still one parent that spends at least one extra day. The parent with which the child spends the most time is responsible for filing the FAFSA.
    • Case #4 – Kimberly enters your office and says that her parents refuse to help pay for her college tuition. You suggest filing the FAFSA, but it’s already been determined they make too much money to qualify for assistance. What options does she have filing her FAFSA?
      • Unfortunately, none. Regardless of her parents decisions to support their child, Kimberly can only file the FAFSA using both parents information.
    • Case #5 – Elizabeth had a baby in February of her senior year, but she is unmarried and still lives with her biological parents. Who is responsible for filing her FAFSA?
    • You are at least 24 years old on the day you file your FAFSA
    • You are married on the day you file your FAFSA
    • You have a child who receives more than half of their support from you between July 1, 2010 and June 30, 2011.
    • You have dependents other than your spouse who live with you and who receive more than half their support from you at the time you apply
    • Both your parents are deceased (or were until age 18) a ward of dependent of the court
    • You are currently serving on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces for purposes other than training
    • You’re a Veteran of the U.S. Armed Forces.
    • You were a foster child after the age of 13.
    • You are an emancipated child as determined by a court judge.
    • You are homeless or at risk of homelessness as determined by the director of a HUD approved homeless shelter, transitional program, or high school liaison.
    • Although she has a child – she is still living with her parents and further investigation will need to be conducted to determine who is providing more than 50% of the support. Having a baby alone does not automatically make a student independent.
    Special Scenarios
  • Federal Perkins Loan
    • Awarded based on need and the amount given to the institution
    • Only awarded to students and you must complete the FAFSA to qualify
    • Maximum award of $4,000 with a capped interest rate of 5%
    • 10 year pay back starts 9 months after graduation
    • No additional fees
  • Federal Stafford Loan
    • Student loan provided from the federal government
    • Two kinds: subsidized and unsubsidized
    • 2010-2011 interest rate at 4.50% for subsidized and 6.8% for unsubsidized
    • Small lender fee of about 1%
    • Repayment begins 6 months after graduation with 10 years to repay
  • Federal PLUS Loan
    • P arent L oan for U ndergraduate S tudent
    • Interest rate fixed at 8.5%
    • Parent begins repayment 60 days after disbursement
    • Allows parents to borrow the remaining balance plus additional for books and miscellaneous costs
    • Credit check required
  • Amount of Educational Debt Institutional Level Percent of Students Borrowing Average amount of Debt Overall 58.8% 18,625 4 Year Public 61.1 19,839 4 year Private 70.6 27,349
  • Financial Aid Counseling “Pocket Book” Tips
    • Don’t let your students or families assume they won’t qualify
    • Honor deadlines
    • Practice filling out the forms yourself and continuously relearn
    • Help simplify the process
  • Utilizing your professional organizations for career development and staying up to date on the latest trends in college admission counseling
  • Professional Networks
    • National Association for College Admission Counseling
    • Illinois Association for College Admission Counseling
    • Illinois Student Assistance Commission
  • Illinois Association for College Admission Counseling
    • Only organization in the state that brings together secondary and post secondary members who are dedicated to servicing students in their high school to college transition
    • Membership consists of more than 1,500 individuals from high schools, colleges, financial aid offices, and independent counselors
    • Coordinates college fairs, monitors counseling practices, promotes statewide college readiness programs, and provides dozens of professional development services for CPDU credits.
  • IACAC Membership
    • Access to Email list serve
    • Name and institution listed in Membership Directory
    • Access to Illinois College Exposition Calendar for full listings of statewide college fairs
    • Quarterly publication of IACAC Newsbrief
    • Formal mentorship program
    • Opportunity to serve on committees and meet and network with other counseling professionals
    • Discounted rates to dozens of professional development opportunities
      • www.iacac.org
  • Illinois Student Assistance Commission
    • Created in 1957 to ensure that financial considerations did not prevent the students of Illinois from realizing their post secondary potential
    • An all inclusive financial aid resource for the state of Illinois, along with general information on college admission
    • Website features ready to use power point presentations, need analysis forms, EFC calculations and updated costs on all state institutions
    • Outreach staff conducts financial aid presentations across the state for high schools, colleges and communities
  • National Association for College Admission Counseling
    • An organization made up of over 11,000 members of secondary and post secondary members dedicated to serving students
    • Primary mission is to support and advance the work of counseling and enrollment professionals as they help students realize their full educational potential
    • Acts as a “filter,” monitoring the information which exists and promotes constitutional change by providing action alerts to state and federal governments to bring positive change within college admissions and college counseling
  • NACAC Membership
    • Discounted rate to Annual Conference featuring 4,000 participants, 100 different sessions, several private workshops and dozens of evening social gatherings (Baltimore 2009, St. Louis 2010 and Denver 2011)
    • Access to “Knowledge Center,” where you can find hundreds of resources on a variety of topics
    • Journal of College Admission , a quarterly publication featuring articles and commentary on issues related to college counseling
    • NACAC News Bulletin , a semi monthly e-newsletters with updates on current news and pressing issues
    • Job and Career Center to see job announcements at high school and college level
    • www.nacacnet.org
  • Professional Development
    • IACAC Annual Conference
    • Summer Bus and Plane Tour
    • Financial Aid Workshops
    • Academy of College Admission Counseling
  • Annual Conference
    • Scheduled May 2-4, 2012 in Itasca, IL
    • Over 40 sessions covering topics in diversity, financial aid, career counseling, counseling ethics, social media and dozens more…
    • Nationally recognized keynote speakers along with multiple opportunities to network with colleagues
    • Social gatherings, entertainment, exhibitors, service project, elections, awards, raffles and lots of fun!
  • Summer Bus and Plane Tours
    • College tours by way of bus or plane
    • Costs range $475 – 800
    • 2011 Bus Tour visited schools in Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas and Missouri
    • 2012 Plane tour scheduled to visit schools in the city of New York.
  • FAFSA Completion Workshops
    • 20 separate FREE workshops across the state sponsored by the Illinois Student Assistance Commission and held annually
    • Topics include FAFSA Made Easier, Guide to Conducting a Financial Aid Presentation in English and Spanish, Economics of Higher Education, and FAFSA Expert Workshop
  • Academy of College Admission Counseling College Counseling Workshop Offered at Elmhurst College – July 2012
    • Philosophy of College Counseling (ethics and principles)
    • How to choose a college: a student-focused model
    • Financial Aid and College Financing
    • The college application process - how colleges admit students, processing applications and writing for college
    • Publicizing your program to parents and the community
    • Knowing your high school
    • College admission testing
    • Using computers and the internet in college counseling
    • www.counseloracademy.org
  • Getting Involved “Pocket Book” Tips
    • Don’t just become a member…become a contributing member!
    • We can’t do it alone - Reach out and utilize the network of colleagues and the abundance of resources
    • College Admission Counselors want to be your friend!
    • Surround yourself with dedicated professionals, a connected counselor is an effective counselor
  • Only the Tip of the Ice Berg…
    • Undocumented students
    • LGBTQ College Counseling
    • Letters of Recommendation
    • NCAA Student-Athletes
    • College Counseling for Students with LD
    • Standardized Testing
    • Personal Statement
    • School Profile
    • Making the choice
    • Scholarships
    • Gap Year
    • College Counseling Ethics
    • Office Environment
    • Performing Arts
  • Examining the counseling practices and guidelines amidst the Statement of Principles and Good Practice
  • Statement of Principles and Good Practice
    • Follows 6 core values:
      • Professionalism • Collaboration • Trust • Education
      • • Fairness and Equity • Social Responsibility
    • Comprised of three sections:
      • Mandatory – All members agree to follow these rules
      • Interpretation of Mandatory Practices, which clarify Mandatory through context and example
      • Best Practices – Represents preferred recruitment, admission and counseling methods
  • Mandatory Practice Examples
    • Counsel students to abide by all application requirements and restrictions (I. B. 9)
    • Provide colleges and universities with a description of the school’s marking system that, if available, will provide some indication of grade distribution that may include rank and/or grade point average (III. B. 1)
    • Sign only one pending Early Decision or Restricted Early Action agreement, when applicable, for any student. (III. B. 3)
    • Not reveal, unless authorized, candidates college or university preferences (III. B. 5)
  • Best Practices
    • Provide a program of counseling that introduces a broad range of postsecondary opportunities
    • Encourage students and families to take the initiative in learning about colleges and universities
    • Provide information about opportunities and requirements for financial aid
    • Counsel students to withdraw offers of admission when final decision is reached
    • Inform students about the tests needed for admission, where students take them and how to interpret results
    • Refrain from encouraging students to apply to certain schools to enhance the reputation of the high school
  • What if you find a violation?
    • Illinois Association for College Admission Counseling has an Admission Practices Committee that monitors reports of violations
    • Most violations are the result of being unaware of the rules and guidelines
    • All submissions are anonymous made through the IACAC website
  • Students should not…
    • Fabricate or exaggerate activities and accomplishments
    • Have someone else write or substantially rewrite their essays
    • Fail to disclose disciplinary infractions if asked directly about them on an application form (colleges and universities will generally give applicants a chance to explain infractions)
    • Tell more than one college that it's their first choice
    • Mislead a college about their intended major just because they think it might help them get in
    • Fail to notify the other colleges that have accepted them when they accept an admission offer
    • www.collegeboard.com
  • Why submit a double deposit?
    • To buy time to decide on a school when the student has been accepted by more than one college. The usual decision deadline is May 1; by double depositing, a student can delay deciding until fall.
    • To continue negotiating financial aid offers with more than one college past the May 1 decision deadline.
    • Because the student is on a waiting list at one college and wants to ensure that she is enrolled somewhere in case she is turned down by the waiting-list school. This scenario is the only one in which NACAC considers double depositing acceptable.
  • Why is it Unfair?
    • It's deceitful. From the New York Times article: "'It's fundamentally dishonest to say to more than one college that that's where you're going to be in the fall,' said Dan Rosenfield, dean of enrollment management at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette, 'and it's not a victimless crime.'"
    • It's unfair to the college. If the practice continues, colleges will become frustrated when they find they can't predict the size of the incoming class with any accuracy, and may take actions such as enlarging the waiting list or increasing deposit amounts (both of which will impact future applicants).
    • It's unfair to other applicants. The double depositor is taking up a spot that could go to another student, who will instead be wait-listed or turned down.
  • What should students do?
    • Tell students not to submit deposits to more than one college, unless they are wait-listed at their first choice and accepted at another.
    • Consider instituting a policy of sending each student's final transcript to only one college .
    • Warn students that some colleges reserve the right to rescind an offer of admission if they discover that a student has made a double deposit.
  • Ethical “Pocket Book” Tips
    • This document is in place to best serve the students and to uphold the integrity of your institution
    • From your chair, this document should be within an arm’s reach
    • If a student shares questionable information with you about a college, please utilize the admission practice committee to best investigate the concern
  • Summary of Topics
    • College counseling is complex and many students have the wrong impression of the information which exists
    • Financial aid is there to help, help your families see past the “burden” and help them realize the opportunity. But, continue to learn about other unique funding options
    • Be active members, contribute to the association and take advantage of the opportunities to develop professionally
    • An ethical counselor is an effective counselor
    • Thank You!!
    • Dave Shafron Guidance Counselor Lincoln Park High School
    • 2001 Orchard Lane
    • Chicago, IL 60614
    • 773-534-8132
    • [email_address]
    • www.facebook.com/daveshafron
    • Call, write, friend, email, text, skype, (need to set it up but I will!) wave hello, high five, etc.
  •