0
Holt Handbook  Chapter 5 The Phrase: Prepositional, Verbal, and Appositive Phrases
#1-What is a Phrase? <ul><li>A phrase is a group of related words that is used as a single part of speech and that does no...
#2-The Prepositional Phrase <ul><li>A prepositional phrase includes a preposition, a noun or pronoun called  the object of...
NOTE: <ul><li>Be careful not to confuse a prepositional phrase with an infinitive. A prepositional phrase always has an ob...
#3-The Adjective Phrase <ul><li>A prepositional phrase that modifies a noun or a pronoun is called an  adjective phrase. <...
#4-The Adverb Phrase <ul><li>A prepositional phrase that modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb is called an  adverb ...
#5- Verbals and Verbal Phrases <ul><li>A  verba l is a word that is formed from a verb but is used as a noun, an adjective...
#6- The Participle <ul><li>A participle is a verb form that can be used as an adjective.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Present pa...
#7 The Participial Phrase <ul><li>A participial phrase consists of a participle and any modifiers or complements the parti...
#8- The Gerund <ul><li>A gerund is a verb form ending in  –ing  that is used as a noun.  </li></ul>SUBJECT  Skiing  down t...
The Gerund Phrase <ul><li>A gerund phrase consists of a gerund and any modifiers or complements the gerund has. The entire...
#9 The Infinitive <ul><li>An infinitive is a verb form that can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Most infini...
The Infinitive Phrase <ul><li>An infinitive phrase consists of an infinitive and any modifiers or complements the infiniti...
#10- Appositives and Appositive Phrases <ul><li>An appositive is a noun or a pronoun placed beside another noun or pronoun...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Chapter 5

4,159

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
4,159
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
154
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Chapter 5"

  1. 1. Holt Handbook Chapter 5 The Phrase: Prepositional, Verbal, and Appositive Phrases
  2. 2. #1-What is a Phrase? <ul><li>A phrase is a group of related words that is used as a single part of speech and that does not contain both a verb and its subject. </li></ul>PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE: a message from the other members of the debate team PARTICIPIAL PHRASE: monkeys swinging through the dense jungle INFINITIVE PHRASE: asking to go with them on their Antarctic expedition APPOSITIVE PHRASE: a painting by van Gogh, the famous Dutch painter NOTE: a group of words that has both a verb and its subject is called a clause . Pg 95
  3. 3. #2-The Prepositional Phrase <ul><li>A prepositional phrase includes a preposition, a noun or pronoun called the object of the preposition, and any modifiers of that object. </li></ul>EXAMPLES: The Seine River flows through Paris. [The noun Paris is the object of the preposition through.] EXAMPLES: The car in front of us slid into an icy snow bank. [The pronoun us is the object of the compound preposition in front of. The noun snow bank is the object of the preposition into .]
  4. 4. NOTE: <ul><li>Be careful not to confuse a prepositional phrase with an infinitive. A prepositional phrase always has an object that is a noun or a pronoun. An infinitive is a verb form that usually begins with to . </li></ul>PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE: When we went to Florida , we saw the old Spanish fort in St. Augustine. INFINITIVE: When we were in Florida, we went to see the old Spanish fort in St. Augustine. Pg 96
  5. 5. #3-The Adjective Phrase <ul><li>A prepositional phrase that modifies a noun or a pronoun is called an adjective phrase. </li></ul>EXAMPLES: Wang Wei was a talented painter of landscapes . [the prepositional phrase of landscapes modifies the noun painter, telling what kind of painter.] EXAMPLES: Mrs. O’Meara is the one on the left . [the prepositional phrase on the left modifies the pronoun one, telling which one Mrs. O’Meara is.] Pg. 97
  6. 6. #4-The Adverb Phrase <ul><li>A prepositional phrase that modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb is called an adverb phrase. </li></ul>EXAMPLES: the snow fell throughout the day . [the phrase modifies the verb fell, telling when the snow fell.] An adverb phrase tells how, when, where, why , or to what extent ( how long, how much, or how far ). EXAMPLES: Are you good at soccer? [the phrase modifies the adjective good, telling how you are good.] Pg 99
  7. 7. #5- Verbals and Verbal Phrases <ul><li>A verba l is a word that is formed from a verb but is used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. There are three kinds of verbals: the participle , the gerund , and the infinitive . </li></ul>
  8. 8. #6- The Participle <ul><li>A participle is a verb form that can be used as an adjective. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Present participles end in –ing . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The smiling child waved. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The horses trotting past were not frightened by the crowd. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>---Most past participles end in –d or –ed . Some past participles are irregularly formed. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The police officers searched the abandoned warehouse. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. #7 The Participial Phrase <ul><li>A participial phrase consists of a participle and any modifiers or complements the participle has. The entire phrase is used as an adjective. </li></ul>Seeing itself in the mirror, the duck seemed quite bewildered .
  10. 10. #8- The Gerund <ul><li>A gerund is a verb form ending in –ing that is used as a noun. </li></ul>SUBJECT Skiing down that slope was fun . PREDICATE NOMINATIVE: Dad’s favorite pastime is fishing for trout and bass. INDIRECT OBJECT Give sailing a try. DIRECT OBJECT We enjoyed hiking in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains. OBJECT OF PREPOSITION Please sweep the front sidewalk after mowing.
  11. 11. The Gerund Phrase <ul><li>A gerund phrase consists of a gerund and any modifiers or complements the gerund has. The entire phrase is used as a noun. </li></ul>Having a part-time job may interfere with your schoolwork. The townspeople heard the loud clanging of the fire bell. NOTE: When a noun or a pronoun comes immediately before a gerund, use the possessive form of the noun or pronoun.
  12. 12. #9 The Infinitive <ul><li>An infinitive is a verb form that can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Most infinitives begin with to . </li></ul>NOUN: To install the ceiling fan took two hours. ADJECTIVES: The best time to visit Florida is December through April. ADVERBS: The gymnasts were ready to practice their routines.
  13. 13. The Infinitive Phrase <ul><li>An infinitive phrase consists of an infinitive and any modifiers or complements the infinitive has. The entire phrase may be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. </li></ul><ul><li>An infinitive may be modified by an adjective or an adverb; it may also have a complement. </li></ul>The crowd grew quiet to hear the speaker . Peanuts and raisins are good snacks to take on a camping trip .
  14. 14. #10- Appositives and Appositive Phrases <ul><li>An appositive is a noun or a pronoun placed beside another noun or pronoun to identify or describe it. </li></ul>NOTE: commas are generally used with appositives that refer to proper nouns. <ul><li>An appositive phrase consists of an appositive and its modifiers. </li></ul>
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×