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Turkey childcare 2

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  • 1. Childcare in Turkey
  • 2. Agenda An overview of Turkey Types of childcare systems History of the childcare system Underlying philosophy Accessibility/Availability Training and roles of the childcare workers/ECE
  • 3. Overview of Turkey Located in Western Asia and in east Thrace in southern Europe Climate – hot dry summers with mild wet winters Capital – Ankara Official Language is Turkish Ethnic makeup – Turkish 80% and Kurdish 20%
  • 4. Population in Turkey Turkey has a population of 72 million According to estimations, it will be about 82 million by year 2015
  • 5. Turkish Phrases Hello  merhaba Good morning  gunaydun Good evening  iyi akshamlar Good night  iyi gejeler
  • 6. Types of Childcare Preschool Nannies Kindergarten Pre primary
  • 7. Formal and Non-formal Formal education is the regular education for individuals in a certain age group and given in schools Pre-Primary education is an optional education for children between 3-5 years of age who are under the age of compulsory primary education. Ministry of National Education is responsible for the child care system
  • 8. First regulations were set for ECE services in Turkey Minstry of education gradually devlop and was reconized by the law 1966 Increase in number of children benfiriting from ECE services and iin public preschools Increase in number of chilreadn recieiving ECE services 1961 Importance of ECE were known and being disvloped in programs 1990s196019331915 History of Childcare 1977 Growth in the number of public nursery opening which increase the ages of the primary education
  • 9. Minstry of Education gradually devloped and was recongnized with the law Establishment of the nursery rooms and creches at workplaces Childcare is not just the responsibility of women and employers; but also the local governments . Government was planning to have the having nursery rooms and childcare facilities throughout the country 2004 Employers are supposed to open a nursery for their workplace Female unemployment is still high in Turkey 2012200620001933 History of Childcare
  • 10. Availability and Accessibility Childcare and child rearing duties are duties expected to be done mainly by women Children are traditionally cared for by elderly relatives Childcare is available privately – not free There is no available subsidy Fees must be paid in full
  • 11. Not all of turkey has access to quality childcare but it is being worked on Children living in remote rural and urban slum areas of turkey have low access to quality daycare services Access to daycare services needs to be increased The current existing capacities are not adequate for providing access to quality day care services for children under 6
  • 12. There is a project underway that is aimed at providing day care services to children living under disadvantage conditions This project will increase mothers in the workforce would mean an increase of childcare centers
  • 13. Underlying Philosophy
  • 14. Physical The goal of Pre-Primary education in Turkey is to structure it’s curriculum around 5 domains of development. Mental Sensory Good Habits Language
  • 15. According to National Education law in Turkey Pre- Primary education is there to create a common atmosphere of growth regardless of income or environment To ensure Turkish is spoken correct and well Pre-Primary education in Turkey Begins at birth and ends at the age of 6 Pre-Primary education is not compulsory
  • 16. Training and Role of an ECE in Turkey - TED (Turkish Education Association) University founded in October 31st 1928, offers an 8 semester ECE program where students must take Math, Life Science, Turkish, History of the Turkish Republic, English for Academic Purposes, Intro to ECE, Psychology, Natural Sciences, Philosophy and Ethics, Visual Arts, Children's Literature, School Family and Society, Child Development, Children Health and Safety, Children Play and learning, Language development etc. - Students must have experience working with children and references - Must have a high school diploma or equivalent
  • 17. Training and Role of an ECE in Turkey cont. - A 4 year program that includes 138+ credits and requires completion of 16-20 credits each semester - Students are given the opportunity to actively participate in the teaching and learning process - The clinical practice increases gradually each year and the last year is primarily dedicated to student teaching and capstone experiences - The program works closely with the public elementary schools and independent public kindergarten programs - As the programs continue it is hoped that students are trained are researchers and scholars
  • 18. Cont. To provide a healthy, safe, and physical learning environment Observe, monitor and assess the children Communicate with the children’s parents
  • 19. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/31/Map_of _Turkey_and_Europe.png http://www.lonelyplanet.com/maps/europe/turkey/ http://www.unicef.org/turkey/sy19/cp39.html http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/language/turkish- phrases.html http://culturalembracebyapi.com/turkeychildcare.html http://www.tedu.edu.tr/en- US/Content/Default.aspx?SectionID=440
  • 20. http://books.google.ca/books?id=FCwkRLem7nAC&pg=PA335 &lpg=PA335&dq=institutional+perspectives+on+ece+in+turkey& source=bl&ots=ykemcjh01f&sig=pok8jWL8PADzKtIvlYXF7ggGx p0&hl=en&sa=X&ei=IXkoU- rgIcTM2AW3jYHoCA&ved=0CCcQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f= false http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXT CY/EXTECD/0,,contentMDK:20260664~menuPK:528557~pag ePK:148956~piPK:216618~theSitePK:344939,00.html#Turkey_m other

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