Icons are small graphical images that can represent your computer's programs, files, folders and printers amongst other things.
Keeping the Desktop Tidy
Right click anywhere on the desktop
Menu will appear
Choose “Arrange Icons By…”
Log off - Log off the current user.
Turn Off Computer - shutdown, restart and standby.
Run - Used to manually start executable files (programs).
Search - Search your PC for pictures, music, documents, files and folders.
Help and Support - Opens the built-in Windows help including various help topics, windows updates and also allows you to request remote assistance from a friend/colleague via the internet or network.
Control Panel - The control panel is used to configure various Windows XP settings.
My Computer - Gives you access to your computer's disk drives and files.
My Music - Links to a folder created by Windows XP which is used (by default) to store any music files on your hard drive.
My Pictures - Links to a folder (again created by Windows XP) used (by default) to store any pictures/images on your hard drive.
My Documents - Gives access to a folder created by Windows XP which is used (by default) to store any documents on your hard drive.
Outlook Express - Opens the Outlook Express mail program.
All Programs Menu
From this menu you can access the programs currently installed on your PC.
Start Button - access the Windows XP start menu.
Window Tabs - switch between any open windows (programs, folders, documents, etc).
Grouping Window Tabs
System Tray/Notification Area
The Quick Launch Bar
Provides direct access to your programs, files or folders with just one click and is visible (by default) even when you have a window open.
The Quick Launch Bar
Show Desktop Icon , this icon is used to minimise all open windows to show the windows xp desktop, clicking again will restore the windows to their previous state
Internet Explorer Icon , this icon will open Microsoft's Internet Explorer browser.
Contains icons that represent the programs that start up automatically when the computer is turned on as well as other information. In this case about automatic updates and about the antivirus program
Changing Date and Time
Double click the clock on the taskbar.
A rectangular portion of the display on a computer monitor screen that presents its contents (e.g., the contents of a directory, a text file or an image) seemingly independent of the rest of the screen.
Parts of a Window
On a menu an option appears with a small arrow pointing to the right means that that option contains other options.
An option that contains three dots, (for example Sharing and Security... ) it means that the option needs more information to be executed; a dialog box will open in which you can enter info.
An option that is grey or lighter colored it means that it is not possible to select it at that moment.
Alt+Underlined Letter of the Menu
Contains icons to immediately execute some of the most often used commands.
Allow us to move through out the page in a quick and simple manner.
Used to give the user certain information.This information varies depending on the window that is opened at the time.
Closing A Window
With the mouse, click the button
Through the menu .
File Close or Exit .
Close closes the active window, whereas Exit closes the entire application.
Keyboard: ALT + F4
Yes . Saves the changes and then closes the application.
No . Closes the application without saving the changes.
Cancel . Returns to the previous screen, does not save the changes and does not close the application.
Start All Programs Accessories Windows Explorer
Start Run type Explorer
A – folders list
B – Files and
Back Button – last page
Up Button – up one level
Search Button – search for files
Folders Button - folder's structure on the left side of the screen
Views Button - change the views on the folders (view details, Thumbnails,... )
Windows Explorer Views
Windows explorer allows us to see the folder's information in different ways or views to facilitate specific searching
Tiles . The files and folders are shown with large images with the name, file type and size in KB; if it is a picture file the size is shown in pixels
Windows Explorer Views
Icons . The files are represented with an icon smaller than a tile. The only information shown is the name of the file.
List . Shows small icons, one below the other, so it's easier to search by name.
Windows Explorer Views
Details . Icons are shown one below the other, with some of their properties.
Windows Explorer Views
Thumbnails . A small representation of the content will appear with the format of the image, such as jpg., jpeg., bmp., gif., etc.
Filmstrip . This view is only available for images. On the bottom part a strip will appear with the images in thumbnail format and on the top we will see a larger representation of the image selected on the bottom.
Address Bar is well known for Internet because it shows the address of the web we are viewing. With Windows Explorer it functions the same way, but it shows the name of the folder we are working with.
A box that appears on the display screen to give you information or to warn you about a potentially operation or requires you to confirm an action such as deleting.
A box on your screen that lets you communicate with your computer.
Enter information, set options or give commands to your computer.
Parts of a Dialog Box Item Description 1. List Box Make a choice from the scrollable list. 2. Spin Box Click up and down arrows to the right of the box until the number you want appears. 3. Slide Box Drag the slider bar to make a selection. 4. Drop-Down List Box Make a choice from the list that appears when you click the down arrow next to the box.
Parts of a Dialog Box Item Description 5. Option or Radio Button Select one of several choices (only one at a time) 6. Check Box You turn a feature on or off. You can select more than one choices. 7. Text Box Click inside and type the desired information. 8. Tabs Used to group identical settings on a specific window. 9. Command Button Execute an action.
Creating a new folder or folders
Right click anywhere in the white space and hover the mouse over new
Click on folder from the sub-menu that appears.
Creating a new folder or folders
You will then be prompted to name the folder, simply type in the name and then press the enter (return) key.
Copying, Deleting, and Renaming Files and Folders
Navigate to the folder where the file or folder is stored, then right click on the file/folder of interest.
Ctrl + C - Copy
Ctrl + X - Cut
Ctrl + V - Paste
Drag and Drop
To select consecutive elements - Click on the first element and then click on the last element while keeping Shift key pressed .
To select several elements that are not consecutive - Select the first element and continue to select the desired elements while keeping the Ctrl key pressed .
File and Folder Properties
Select the file/folder and choose Properties option from File menu.
Right click on the file/folder and select Properties.
Type: Describes which type of element we are dealing with.
Location: Where it is kept.
Size: The size both in Megabytes and in bytes;
Contains: If it is a folder it indicates the number of files within it.
Created: date in which the folder or file was created.
Modified and Last Access: modified saves the date the file was last modified and last access the last time the file was opened regardless of whether changes were made or not.
Attributes: attributes that have been assigned to the file or folder. The attribute Read-only allows to only read but not to edit. The attribute hidden makes the file or folder invisible.
Sharing a folder means allowing the users of other computers to access determined information within a network. Sharing applies to folders and not to files.
Right click on the folder Properties Sharing Tab Check “Share this folder on to the network”
Allow network users to change my file
Network Setup Wizard
If your system is configured with a firewall that keeps you from sharing resources a screen will appear that allows you to start the Network Setup Wizard allowing the sharing of resources.
Showing Hidden Files/Folders
Select the Tools menu and the option Folder options... .
Select the tab View .
On the window the option Show hidden files and folders must be checked, if not click on it.
Click OK .
View menu and select the option Arrange icons by.
When the menu is displayed, the different ways you can arrange will appear.
Select on the menu Search
When you delete a file, Windows XP will place the file into the recycle bin instead of deleting it altogether, this allows you to restore the file in case you deleted it by mistake.
Some files may be too big to be stored in the recycle bin, but Windows XP should warn you if you delete a file that cannot be restored.
Click on the elements to be restored.
Once selected, a dialog box will appear on the green arrow on the left that will say Restore this item or Restore the selected items.
The selected files will return to where they were located before deletion.
Deleting Files or Folders from Recycle Bin
Select the Elements to be deleted. .
Right click and select Delete .
The selected files will disappear and cannot be restored.
If a window appears asking if you are sure that you want to delete the selected file or folder click Yes if you are sure you want it deleted
Emptying the Recycle Bin
Clicking on the icon located on the left labeled Empty the Recycle Bin.
A window will appear asking Confirm you want to delete these X elements? where X is the number of elements currently in the Recycle Bin . Click Yes to empty it.
You can also empty the Recycle Bin from the File menu and select Empty the Recycle Bin .
Configuring the Screen
Click with the right mouse button somewhere that has no icons on the desktop and select the option Properties from the shortcut menu that is displayed. The Display properties window will appear where we can change the configuration parameters.
Background or Wallpaper
Click on the tab labeled Desktop and choose a new background or wallpaper from the list that appears at the bottom left corner.
Once the background has been selected you can choose how it will appear by clicking on Position:
Centered: the image will appear in the center of the screen with its real size. Tile : the image will appear with as many images as necessary to fill the screen. Strech: the image will appear once taking up the entire screen.
Load an image from another location
Click on Browse... and look for the image you want as long as the format is compatible. For example .bmp , .jpg , .gif .
Once the image and type of view have been selected Click OK .
Preview - you can see how it will look once in place.
Wait - modify the time it takes for the screensaver to appear.
Settings - allows us to customize the image that is used as the screensaver.
On resume, password protect you can place a password protection to keep someone else from working on your account.
Click with the right mouse button somewhere that has no icons on the desktop and select the option Properties from the shortcut menu that is displayed.
Display properties - change the configuration parameters.
Select the tab labeled Appearance on the Display properties window.
Windows and buttons - select which style you want.
Font size - size of letters
A way to group the different characteristics that affect the appearance of WindowsXP by giving it a name.
Select the tab labeled Appearance on the Display Properties window.
From the Theme: list choose the theme you prefer.
Resolution and Colors
Colors with which our monitor will work with.
Configuring the Mouse
Start Control Panel Printers and Other Hardware/Mouse
Switch Primary and Secondary Buttons
Turn on ClickLock
Used for a mouse that has a small wheel in between the two buttons and is used to move up and down a page.
One screen at a time
Number of lines
Information related to the hardware configuration of the mouse, the name and type of drivers installed.
Adding New Programs
Start Control Panel Add or Remove Programs Add New Programs
Start Control Panel Add or Remove Programs Change or Remove Programs
Start Control Panel Automatic Updates
Start All Programs Windows Update
Right click on My Computer Properties Automatic Updates tab.
Adding New Hardware
Plug and Play technology
A term used to describe an accessory device that works immediately when connected to a computer, without the need for installation procedures, reconfiguration, or restarting the computer.
Online to search for driver updates through Windows Update.
OS recognizes the new hardware element
OS does not recognize the new hardware
Find the driver (CD or diskette)
Designed to optimize the behavior of the computer.
Search errors in the system´s units and to repair those errors.
Open My Computer right click on the drive Properties
In charge of reorganizing the information that is stored in the disk.
Formatting a Disk
Right click on the drive Format
Freeing Disk Space
Allows us to empty the disk of information that we do not use
Start menu All programs Accessories System tools Disk cleanup
Windows Media Player
Allows us to listen to music from a CD, tune radio stations , play a video , etc.
Turn Off Computer
Standby - This will put your computer into standby mode, basically it will power down components like the monitor and hard drive to preserve energy.
Turn Off - Shuts down the PC, always use this option to turn off your PC.