Peripheral Vascular Diseases
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Peripheral Vascular Diseases

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Peripheral Vascular Diseases

Peripheral Vascular Diseases

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Peripheral Vascular Diseases Peripheral Vascular Diseases Presentation Transcript

  • PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASES Presented by: Dave Jay Sibi. Manriquez RN.
  • THROMBOANGITIS OBLITERANS (BUERGER’S DISEASE)
    • Definition : Diffuse inflammation of arteries and veins with clot formation.
    • Etiology : unknown
    • Risk : cigarette smoking, genetic, males
    • S/ Sx. : intermittent claudication, edema ulceration, and gangrene
  • Management:
    • Arrest progress of the dse.
    • Produce vasodilation
    • Relieve pain
    • Provide emotional support
    • Wound care
    • Amputation
  • Raynaud’s disease
    • Definition : vasospasm causing ischemia
    • Etiology : unknown; related to release of serotonin, hypersensitivity to cold
    • Risk : cigarette smoking, congenital, women
    • S/ Sx. : numbness of fingertips, pallor, CRT, cyanosis, ulceration
  • Management:
    • Promote vasodilation
    • Avoid exposure to colds
    • Stop smoking
    • sympathectomy
  • VARICOSE VEINS
    • Definition : incompetent valve of the vein in the lower extremities
    • Risk : prolonged standing, pregnancy, trauma
    • Dx test : doppler test, trendelenburg test. phlethysmography
  • VARICOSE VEINS
    • S/ Sx. : edema, venous distention, stasis ulcer( medial aspect), muscle cramps, heaviness,
  • Management:
    • Sclerotherapy
    • Venous stripping
    • Venous ligation
    • Elastic compression
    • Elevate extremities
    • Leg exercise
  • DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS
    • Definition :clot in an inflammed vein
    • Risk : Virchow’s Triad
    • Dx exam : venography, UTZ
    • S/ Sx. : swollen limb, + homans sign, calf stiffness, induration of the vein
  • Management:
    • Thrombolytic therapy
    • Anticoagulant therapy
    • Proper leg positioning
    • Provide comfort
    • Prevent complication
    • Avoid green leafy vegetables
    • THANK YOU!!!