THE RISE OF THE NUCLEAR HOUSEHOLDIN AUSTRALIA                      DAVE EARL | PHD CANDIDATE                         DEPAR...
THEY ARE CARING FOR SUB-NORMAL CHILDREN                                          2
BUNBURY OCCUPATION CENTRE, c. 1958                                     3
HAWKEVALE FARM COLONY, 1957                              4
FACILITIES FOR SUB-NORMAL PEOPLE, 1945                                         5
FACILITIES FOR SUB-NORMAL PEOPLE, 1965                                         6
“TWENTIETH CENTURY SLAVES”                             7
HELP TO FAMILIES                   8
SOCIAL CHANGES  SUBURBIA         CHILDHOOD       MOTHERHOOD       WORKING MANSLUM CLEARANCES    EDUCATION DOMESTICS       ...
JACQUES DONZELOTDonzelot, Jacques. The Policing of Families. Translated by Robert Hurley. Edited by Gilles Deleuze. New Yo...
KEREEN REIGERReiger, Kerreen M. The Disenchantment of the Home: Modernizing the Australian Family, 1880-1940. Melbourne: O...
MICHAEL GILDINGGilding, Michael. The Making and Breaking of the Australian Family. St. Leonards: Allen & Unwin, 1991.     ...
MICHEL FOUCAULT              13
JOHNSTON STREET, ANNANDALEState Library of NSW, a089607                                14
HARGRAVE FAMILY, 1894Powerhouse Museum, P2903-9/68                                           15
OXFORD STREET, PADDINGTON, 1900State Records NSW, 12487/7546 12487_a021_a021000014                                        ...
DOMESTIC BLISS IN AUSTRALIAState Library of Victoria MP00/00/56/98                                          17
MELBOURNE BENEVOLENT ASYLUMState Library of Victoria, H.20001.20/328                                            18
PHILIPPE ARIESAriès, Philippe. Centuries of Childhood: A Social History of Family Life. Translated by Jonathan Cape. Londo...
COLLIERY CREW, 1894State Records NSW, 10036_a027000045                                                20
PAPERBOY, 1930View of the entrance to Newtown Station, Sydney, taken in the aftermath of the stabbing murder of Domenico B...
PLAYFAIR STREET, THE ROCKS, 1901State Records NSW, 4481_a026_000037                                      22
CARING FOR BABY, c.1910John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland, D1-11-86                                          ...
COOKS HILL PUBLIC SCHOOL, NSWNewcastle City Council Cultural Collections, Hunter Picture Bank 006 000098                  ...
SCHOOL GROUP, VICTORIAState Library of Victoria, H42834/80                                          25
SYDNEY CHILDREN’S COURT, 1911     C. K. Mackellar, "State Children Relief Board. Report of the President... For the Year E...
DOMESTIC SCIENCE CLASS, TASMANIATeaching Aids Centre - Photographic Prints, Archives Office of Tasmania, AB713-1-8204     ...
YALLOURN TECHNICAL SCHOOL, VICState Library of Victoria, Image H2009.18/862                                               ...
WHERE MELBOURNE’S MANHOOD                                                    MUSTERSNational Library of Australia, UApam 7...
WHERE MELBOURNE’S MANHOOD                                                    MUSTERSNational Library of Australia, UApam 7...
KINDERGARTEN, MILLER STREET SYDNEY   State Records NSW, 9856_a017_A017000107                                             31
CRUDE BIRTH RATE IN AUSTRALIA40.035.030.025.020.015.010.0 5.0 0.0       1885       1888       1891       1894       1897  ...
INFANT MORTALITY… HOW TO CHECK IT“Infant Mortality in Australia and How to Check it,” The Bulletin, 7th Jan. 1904, p19.   ...
ALEXANDRIA BABY CLINIC, 1914State Records NSW, 12487/7546                                  34
NEWTOWN BABY CLINIC, 1914Photographs of the Newtown, Alexandria and Bourke Street Baby Clinics, State Records NSW, 4873_a0...
DON’T EXPERIMENT WITH YOUR BABY In Reiger, The Disenchantment of the Home                                             36
INFANT MORTALITY RATES IN AUSTRALIA120.0100.0 80.0 60.0 40.0 20.0  0.0        1901        1903        1905        1907    ...
VICTORIA’S IDEAL CHILD                     38
AVERAGE HOUSEHOLD SIZE  54.5  43.5  32.5  21.5  10.5  0      1911    1921   1933    1947    1954   1961   1966    1971   1...
FACTORY WORK, 1919Canning Fruit at Leeton, NSW, National Library of Australia, nla.pic-vn4969147.                         ...
THE SIGN-LANGUAGEFrom Paula Hamilton, "Domestic Dilemmas: Representations of Servants and Employers in the Popular Press,"...
WHEN THE SEVENTH MAID WALKED OUT…The Home, Sept. 1920, p.85, in Gilding, The Making and Breaking of the Australian Family....
MARRIAGES START IN THE KITCHEN!Australian Women’s Weekly, 11th March 1947, 44.                                            ...
OLD ORDER HOMES?Camina. Old or Homes or New Order Houses? Some Reflections of a Middle-Class Woman. Melbourne: Whitcome & ...
DEVONSHIRE ST, CHATSWOOD, 1908State Records NSW, 18526_a024_000071                                       45
PLAGUE, 1900State Library of NSW, Views taken during Cleansing Operations, Quarantine Area, Sydney, 1900, Vol. V.         ...
ROCKS RESUMPTION PLAN, 1902State Records NSW, NRS 19348/1                                 47
DACEY GARDEN SUBURB PLAN, c.1913State Records NSW, 5225_a018_a018000001                                          48
DACEY GARDEN SUBURBState Records NSW, 5225_a018_a018000051                                            49
NARRABEEN: VALUES MUST INCREASE! National Library of Australia, nla.map-lfsp1695                                          ...
CRUDE MARRIAGE RATE IN AUSTRALIA14.0012.0010.00 8.00 6.00 4.00 2.00 0.00        1885        1888        1891        1894  ...
DAVE EARLdaveearl.net | dear7745@uni.sydney.edu.au            DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY | SCHOOL OF PHILISOPICAL AND HISTORICA...
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Dave Earl - The Rise of the Nuclear Family

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Slideshow to accompany Sydney Summer School Guest Lecture, HSTY2614, "Australian Social History." 11am, 12th January 2011.
Full list of references for this lecture is available at http://daveearl.net.
Copyright of the images included belongs to the relevant libraries and archives.

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Dave Earl - The Rise of the Nuclear Family

  1. 1. THE RISE OF THE NUCLEAR HOUSEHOLDIN AUSTRALIA DAVE EARL | PHD CANDIDATE DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY
  2. 2. THEY ARE CARING FOR SUB-NORMAL CHILDREN 2
  3. 3. BUNBURY OCCUPATION CENTRE, c. 1958 3
  4. 4. HAWKEVALE FARM COLONY, 1957 4
  5. 5. FACILITIES FOR SUB-NORMAL PEOPLE, 1945 5
  6. 6. FACILITIES FOR SUB-NORMAL PEOPLE, 1965 6
  7. 7. “TWENTIETH CENTURY SLAVES” 7
  8. 8. HELP TO FAMILIES 8
  9. 9. SOCIAL CHANGES SUBURBIA CHILDHOOD MOTHERHOOD WORKING MANSLUM CLEARANCES EDUCATION DOMESTICS BABY CLINICS MANUFACTURING CHILD LABOUR CHILD ENDOWMENT “HOUSEWIVES” INFANT MORTALITY BASIC WAGE AGED PENSIONS THE NUCLEAR HOUSEHOLD 9
  10. 10. JACQUES DONZELOTDonzelot, Jacques. The Policing of Families. Translated by Robert Hurley. Edited by Gilles Deleuze. New York: Pantheon Books, 1979. 10
  11. 11. KEREEN REIGERReiger, Kerreen M. The Disenchantment of the Home: Modernizing the Australian Family, 1880-1940. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1985. 11
  12. 12. MICHAEL GILDINGGilding, Michael. The Making and Breaking of the Australian Family. St. Leonards: Allen & Unwin, 1991. 12
  13. 13. MICHEL FOUCAULT 13
  14. 14. JOHNSTON STREET, ANNANDALEState Library of NSW, a089607 14
  15. 15. HARGRAVE FAMILY, 1894Powerhouse Museum, P2903-9/68 15
  16. 16. OXFORD STREET, PADDINGTON, 1900State Records NSW, 12487/7546 12487_a021_a021000014 16
  17. 17. DOMESTIC BLISS IN AUSTRALIAState Library of Victoria MP00/00/56/98 17
  18. 18. MELBOURNE BENEVOLENT ASYLUMState Library of Victoria, H.20001.20/328 18
  19. 19. PHILIPPE ARIESAriès, Philippe. Centuries of Childhood: A Social History of Family Life. Translated by Jonathan Cape. London: Pimlico, 1996 [1962]. 19
  20. 20. COLLIERY CREW, 1894State Records NSW, 10036_a027000045 20
  21. 21. PAPERBOY, 1930View of the entrance to Newtown Station, Sydney, taken in the aftermath of the stabbing murder of Domenico Belle at 11 a.m. Justice & Police Museum Photographic Collection, Historic Houses Trust, 31191 21
  22. 22. PLAYFAIR STREET, THE ROCKS, 1901State Records NSW, 4481_a026_000037 22
  23. 23. CARING FOR BABY, c.1910John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland, D1-11-86 23
  24. 24. COOKS HILL PUBLIC SCHOOL, NSWNewcastle City Council Cultural Collections, Hunter Picture Bank 006 000098 24
  25. 25. SCHOOL GROUP, VICTORIAState Library of Victoria, H42834/80 25
  26. 26. SYDNEY CHILDREN’S COURT, 1911 C. K. Mackellar, "State Children Relief Board. Report of the President... For the Year Ended 5 April, 1911.“Joint Volumes of Papers Presented to the Legislative Council and Legislative Assembly. Session of 1911 - 12, vol. 2 .(Sydney: William Applegate Gullick, Govt. Printer, 1911), 37. 26
  27. 27. DOMESTIC SCIENCE CLASS, TASMANIATeaching Aids Centre - Photographic Prints, Archives Office of Tasmania, AB713-1-8204 27
  28. 28. YALLOURN TECHNICAL SCHOOL, VICState Library of Victoria, Image H2009.18/862 28
  29. 29. WHERE MELBOURNE’S MANHOOD MUSTERSNational Library of Australia, UApam 782 Main Reading Room (Australian Collection) 29
  30. 30. WHERE MELBOURNE’S MANHOOD MUSTERSNational Library of Australia, UApam 782 Main Reading Room (Australian Collection) 30
  31. 31. KINDERGARTEN, MILLER STREET SYDNEY State Records NSW, 9856_a017_A017000107 31
  32. 32. CRUDE BIRTH RATE IN AUSTRALIA40.035.030.025.020.015.010.0 5.0 0.0 1885 1888 1891 1894 1897 1900 1903 1906 1909 1912 1915 1918 1921 1924 1927 1930 1933 1936 1939 1942 1945 1948 1951 1954 1957 1960 1963 1966 1969 1972 1975 1978 1981 1984 1987 1990 1993 1996 1999 2002 Number of births per 1,000 population Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian Historical Population Statistics, 2006 32
  33. 33. INFANT MORTALITY… HOW TO CHECK IT“Infant Mortality in Australia and How to Check it,” The Bulletin, 7th Jan. 1904, p19. 33
  34. 34. ALEXANDRIA BABY CLINIC, 1914State Records NSW, 12487/7546 34
  35. 35. NEWTOWN BABY CLINIC, 1914Photographs of the Newtown, Alexandria and Bourke Street Baby Clinics, State Records NSW, 4873_a004_a004000006r 35
  36. 36. DON’T EXPERIMENT WITH YOUR BABY In Reiger, The Disenchantment of the Home 36
  37. 37. INFANT MORTALITY RATES IN AUSTRALIA120.0100.0 80.0 60.0 40.0 20.0 0.0 1901 1903 1905 1907 1909 1911 1913 1915 1917 1919 1921 1923 1925 1927 1929 1931 1933 1935 1937 1939 1941 1943 1945 1947 1949 1951 1953 1955 1957 1959 1961 1963 1965 1967 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 Number of infant deaths per 1,000 births Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian Historical Population Statistics, 2006 37
  38. 38. VICTORIA’S IDEAL CHILD 38
  39. 39. AVERAGE HOUSEHOLD SIZE 54.5 43.5 32.5 21.5 10.5 0 1911 1921 1933 1947 1954 1961 1966 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 Average number of persons per householdAustralian Institute of Family Studies, 2012, http://www.aifs.gov.au/institute/info/charts/households/havsize.html 39
  40. 40. FACTORY WORK, 1919Canning Fruit at Leeton, NSW, National Library of Australia, nla.pic-vn4969147. 40
  41. 41. THE SIGN-LANGUAGEFrom Paula Hamilton, "Domestic Dilemmas: Representations of Servants and Employers in the Popular Press,"Debutante Nation: Feminism Contests the 1890s, edited by Susan Magarey, Sue Rowley and Susan Sheridan,71 - 90. St. Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, 1993. 41
  42. 42. WHEN THE SEVENTH MAID WALKED OUT…The Home, Sept. 1920, p.85, in Gilding, The Making and Breaking of the Australian Family. 42
  43. 43. MARRIAGES START IN THE KITCHEN!Australian Women’s Weekly, 11th March 1947, 44. 43
  44. 44. OLD ORDER HOMES?Camina. Old or Homes or New Order Houses? Some Reflections of a Middle-Class Woman. Melbourne: Whitcome & Tombs Pty. Ltd., c.1943. 44
  45. 45. DEVONSHIRE ST, CHATSWOOD, 1908State Records NSW, 18526_a024_000071 45
  46. 46. PLAGUE, 1900State Library of NSW, Views taken during Cleansing Operations, Quarantine Area, Sydney, 1900, Vol. V. 46
  47. 47. ROCKS RESUMPTION PLAN, 1902State Records NSW, NRS 19348/1 47
  48. 48. DACEY GARDEN SUBURB PLAN, c.1913State Records NSW, 5225_a018_a018000001 48
  49. 49. DACEY GARDEN SUBURBState Records NSW, 5225_a018_a018000051 49
  50. 50. NARRABEEN: VALUES MUST INCREASE! National Library of Australia, nla.map-lfsp1695 50
  51. 51. CRUDE MARRIAGE RATE IN AUSTRALIA14.0012.0010.00 8.00 6.00 4.00 2.00 0.00 1885 1888 1891 1894 1897 1900 1903 1906 1909 1912 1915 1918 1921 1924 1927 1930 1933 1936 1939 1942 1945 1948 1951 1954 1957 1960 1963 1966 1969 1972 1975 1978 1981 1984 Number of marriages per year per 1,000 population Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian Historical Population Statistics, 2006 51
  52. 52. DAVE EARLdaveearl.net | dear7745@uni.sydney.edu.au DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY | SCHOOL OF PHILISOPICAL AND HISTORICAL ENQUIRY

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