cultural studies p- 8

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  • Thank you so much Bharat bhai
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  • Hi Drashti,
    U have covered all the things about Marxism and it highlightes an integral elements of Marxism..So it is well discussed presentation...
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  • 1.  The Cultural Studies paper no: 8  Presentation topic: Marxism  Presenter: Drashti v. Dave  Roll no: 7 M.A.  Year- 2014 Sem: 2  Maharaja Krisnkumar sinhji Bhavnagar University  Submitted to: Smt.S.B. Gardi Department Of English
  • 2. What is Marxism?  Means the political and economical theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.  In his famous work “Das Capital” in this he is talk about critical analysis of political economy and capitalist mode of the production.  It is published in 1867. They both were German philosopher.
  • 3. Four Goals of the Marxism:  Marxism builds on a materialist understanding of societal development, according to Marxist analysis class conflict within capitalism and socialism.  In Marxism Marx talk about socialism, capitalism, cultu re, hegemony etc..  Marxism sees culture as the masking of real social and economic conditions.
  • 4. Classes and class conflict:  Marx define two classes in his work, 1.) High class known as capitalist and 2.) working class.  Marxists stress that social analysis should focus on class structure and relations.
  • 5. Capitalism: Marx called the "organic composition" of capital and “immiseration" of the proletariat means worker. “In bourgeois society capital is independent and has individuality, while the living person is dependent and has no individuality.” Karl Marx
  • 6. Socialism:  “Christian Socialism is but the holy water with which the priest consecrates the heart-burnings of the aristocrat.” -- KARL MARX, The Communist Manifesto
  • 7. Other views:  Ideology of Lousis Althusser constructs the individuals as subjects of the system.  It is a system of representations ( images, myths, ideas…)  Ideology is sustained and reproduced through cultural forms.  According to Antonio Gramsci’s view; the institutional and cultural bases on ideology.  Any form: political, propaganda, fo lklore, and popular songs.  He develops the concept of hegemony.  “The meaning of peace is the absence of opposition to socialism.” Karl Marx
  • 8. Money and power Connected with hegemony. Generally hegemony means leadership, or dominance. In Marxism marxists talk about that type of hegemony. I do not like money, money is the reason we fight. --- Karl Marx