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Offshore wind planning and environmental impact

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An introduction to offshore wind for the undergraduate course on renewable energy law at Aarhus University, Denmark

An introduction to offshore wind for the undergraduate course on renewable energy law at Aarhus University, Denmark

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  • http://www.popsci.com/science/article/2010-04/us-approves-first-offshore-wind-farm-cape-cod
  • http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4117/4860689950_00dbcfe7ff_b.jpg
  • http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3633/5735091026_39f04c2596_b.jpg
  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/benheine/5105212422/sizes/o/in/photostream/http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3060/3072544830_173b0b4932_b.jpghttp://farm3.static.flickr.com/2113/3539488365_ebc6b049be_b.jpghttp://www.flickr.com/photos/dcdead/3595865210/sizes/o/in/photostream/
  • How many turbines?What proportion of EU’s electricity demand?
  • http://europamedia.wordpress.com/2011/05/27/international-cooperation-%E2%80%93-supporting-research-integration/http://www.flickr.com/photos/ronanmclaughlin/3087018935/sizes/l/in/photostream/http://www.flickr.com/photos/xorsyst/3666331764/sizes/m/in/photostream/http://www.flickr.com/photos/isayx3/3492777593/sizes/l/in/photostream/Note – also IEE project support, and ‘consider the large-scale integration of offshore wind in the electricity grids as one of the key issues for the follow-up of the Green Paper on European Energy Networks
  • 17/11/2010
  • http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4117/4860689950_00dbcfe7ff_b.jpg
  • Size of Wales/Belgium???
  • White Queen – Alice in Wonderland – “Why sometimes I’ve believed as many as six impossible things before breakfast”
  • Transcript

    • 1. Soporific
    • 5. wind
      Offshore
      (finding the
      spot)
      sweet
    • 6. Which is leading?
      Policy
      Practice
    • 7. Policy
      Planning
      Environment
      Energy
    • 8. Renewable Energy Directive
      generic
      Communication on
      offshore wind
      specific
      Communication on
      infrastructure priorities
      generic
    • 9. Renewable Energy Directive
      20%
      NREAPS
      40 GW
    • 10. Communication on
      offshore wind
      http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2008:0768:FIN:EN:PDF
    • 11. Communication on
      infrastructure priorities
      http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=SPLIT_COM:2010:0677(01):FIN:EN:PDF
    • 12.
    • 13.
    • 14. http://www.roadmap2050.eu/downloads
    • 15.
    • 16.
    • 17. Policy
      Planning
      Environment
      Energy
    • 18.
    • 19.
    • 20. 17
      Why maritime planning?
      Land use
      Tourism
      Oil & Gas
      Mariculture
      Coastal defence
      Ports & navigation
      Military activities
      Culture
      Conservation
      Dredging & disposal
      Defra
      Submarine cables
      Fishing
      Renewable energy
      Marine recreation
      Mineral extraction
    • 21.
    • 22.
    • 23. Text alert
    • 24. Definition
      Marine Spatial Planning
      A framework for consistent and integrated decision-making; a tool to support IMP
      It analyses and allocates spatial and temporal distribution of human activities
    • 25.
    • 26.
    • 27. Policy
      Planning
      Environment
      Energy
    • 28. “The Marine Strategy Framework Directive requires the application of the ecosystem approach to the management of human activities”
    • 29. Marine
      Strategy
      Framework
      Directive
      “Good Environmental
      Status”
      “Descriptors”
    • 30. Biodiversity
    • 31. Resource
      exploitation
    • 32. pollution
    • 33. GES criteria
      http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2010:232:0014:0024:EN:PDF
    • 34. MSFD
      WFD
    • 35.
    • 36. Which is leading?
      Policy
      Practice
    • 37.
    • 38. “Pure power, EWEA, 2009”; NREAPs
    • 39. WindSpeed.eu
    • 40. Spatial planning of offshore wind farms: A windfall to marine environmental protection? Punt et al, 2009
      https://www.amherst.edu/media/view/199644/original/Sam_Swenson_2010.pdf
    • 41. Cumulative impact
      ?
    • 42.
    • 43.
    • 44.
    • 45.
    • 46. Practice
      Energy
      Policy
      Environment
    • 47. Policy developing; lags practice
      Few problems with offshore wind on case-by-case basis
      Cumulative impact uncertain
    • 48. David Owain Clubb
      Renewable energy project manager
      david.clubb@eea.europa.eu
      “Offshore wind – policy, practice, environment, energy”
      12th October 2011
    • 49. Photo credits
      2. http://www.popsci.com/science/article/2010-04/us-approves-first-offshore-wind-farm-cape-cod
      3. http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4117/4860689950_00dbcfe7ff_b.jpg
      4. http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3633/5735091026_39f04c2596_b.jpg
      5. http://www.flickr.com/photos/benheine/5105212422/sizes/o/in/photostream/
      http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3060/3072544830_173b0b4932_b.jpg
      http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2113/3539488365_ebc6b049be_b.jpg
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/dcdead/3595865210/sizes/o/in/photostream/
      7. http://europamedia.wordpress.com/2011/05/27/international-cooperation-%E2%80%93-supporting-research-integration/
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/ronanmclaughlin/3087018935/sizes/l/in/photostream/
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/xorsyst/3666331764/sizes/m/in/photostream/
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/isayx3/3492777593/sizes/l/in/photostream/
      18. http://www.flickr.com/photos/frisno/2928818748/sizes/l/in/photostream/
      http://etc.usf.edu/clipart/69200/69297/69297_monsters_sea.htm
      http://allaboutmadonna.com/2006/07/madonnas-2007-calendar-cover-revealed.php
      19. http://www.flickr.com/photos/cool_colonia4711/3372471040/sizes/z/in/photostream/
      http://www.tmonews.com/2011/07/t-mobile-roadmap-offers-release-dates-for-new-devices-guess-the-phone/
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/marine_corps/4749548666/sizes/l/in/photostream/
      22. http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2009/jan/21/1
      http://www.wrecksite.eu/imgBrowser.aspx?2572
      http://www.surfertoday.com/environment/852-lost-shipping-cargo-threats-surfers-in-kent-and-east-sussex
      http://cstv.uwaterloo.ca/2010/10/royal-navy-nuclear-sub-astute-runs-aground-dated-charts-to-blame.html
      25. http://www.flickr.com/photos/stonebridgedapper/4858543887/sizes/l/in/photostream/
      26. http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/gallery/2010/nov/09/underwater-photography-2010#/?picture=368478398&index=11
      31. http://archive.unu.edu/update/archive/issue45_14.htm