Offshore wind planning and environmental impact
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Offshore wind planning and environmental impact

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An introduction to offshore wind for the undergraduate course on renewable energy law at Aarhus University, Denmark

An introduction to offshore wind for the undergraduate course on renewable energy law at Aarhus University, Denmark

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  • http://www.popsci.com/science/article/2010-04/us-approves-first-offshore-wind-farm-cape-cod
  • http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4117/4860689950_00dbcfe7ff_b.jpg
  • http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3633/5735091026_39f04c2596_b.jpg
  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/benheine/5105212422/sizes/o/in/photostream/http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3060/3072544830_173b0b4932_b.jpghttp://farm3.static.flickr.com/2113/3539488365_ebc6b049be_b.jpghttp://www.flickr.com/photos/dcdead/3595865210/sizes/o/in/photostream/
  • How many turbines?What proportion of EU’s electricity demand?
  • http://europamedia.wordpress.com/2011/05/27/international-cooperation-%E2%80%93-supporting-research-integration/http://www.flickr.com/photos/ronanmclaughlin/3087018935/sizes/l/in/photostream/http://www.flickr.com/photos/xorsyst/3666331764/sizes/m/in/photostream/http://www.flickr.com/photos/isayx3/3492777593/sizes/l/in/photostream/Note – also IEE project support, and ‘consider the large-scale integration of offshore wind in the electricity grids as one of the key issues for the follow-up of the Green Paper on European Energy Networks
  • 17/11/2010
  • http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4117/4860689950_00dbcfe7ff_b.jpg
  • Size of Wales/Belgium???
  • White Queen – Alice in Wonderland – “Why sometimes I’ve believed as many as six impossible things before breakfast”

Offshore wind planning and environmental impact Offshore wind planning and environmental impact Presentation Transcript

    • Policy
    • Practice
    • Energy
    • Environment
    Soporific
  • wind
    Offshore
    (finding the
    spot)
    sweet
  • Which is leading?
    Policy
    Practice
  • Policy
    Planning
    Environment
    Energy
  • Renewable Energy Directive
    generic
    Communication on
    offshore wind
    specific
    Communication on
    infrastructure priorities
    generic
  • Renewable Energy Directive
    20%
    NREAPS
    40 GW
  • Communication on
    offshore wind
    http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2008:0768:FIN:EN:PDF
  • Communication on
    infrastructure priorities
    http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=SPLIT_COM:2010:0677(01):FIN:EN:PDF
  • http://www.roadmap2050.eu/downloads
  • Policy
    Planning
    Environment
    Energy
  • 17
    Why maritime planning?
    Land use
    Tourism
    Oil & Gas
    Mariculture
    Coastal defence
    Ports & navigation
    Military activities
    Culture
    Conservation
    Dredging & disposal
    Defra
    Submarine cables
    Fishing
    Renewable energy
    Marine recreation
    Mineral extraction
  • Text alert
  • Definition
    Marine Spatial Planning
    A framework for consistent and integrated decision-making; a tool to support IMP
    It analyses and allocates spatial and temporal distribution of human activities
  • Policy
    Planning
    Environment
    Energy
  • “The Marine Strategy Framework Directive requires the application of the ecosystem approach to the management of human activities”
  • Marine
    Strategy
    Framework
    Directive
    “Good Environmental
    Status”
    “Descriptors”
  • Biodiversity
  • Resource
    exploitation
  • pollution
  • GES criteria
    http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2010:232:0014:0024:EN:PDF
  • MSFD
    WFD
  • Which is leading?
    Policy
    Practice
  • “Pure power, EWEA, 2009”; NREAPs
  • WindSpeed.eu
  • Spatial planning of offshore wind farms: A windfall to marine environmental protection? Punt et al, 2009
    https://www.amherst.edu/media/view/199644/original/Sam_Swenson_2010.pdf
  • Cumulative impact
    ?
  • Practice
    Energy
    Policy
    Environment
  • Policy developing; lags practice
    Few problems with offshore wind on case-by-case basis
    Cumulative impact uncertain
  • David Owain Clubb
    Renewable energy project manager
    david.clubb@eea.europa.eu
    “Offshore wind – policy, practice, environment, energy”
    12th October 2011
  • Photo credits
    2. http://www.popsci.com/science/article/2010-04/us-approves-first-offshore-wind-farm-cape-cod
    3. http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4117/4860689950_00dbcfe7ff_b.jpg
    4. http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3633/5735091026_39f04c2596_b.jpg
    5. http://www.flickr.com/photos/benheine/5105212422/sizes/o/in/photostream/
    http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3060/3072544830_173b0b4932_b.jpg
    http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2113/3539488365_ebc6b049be_b.jpg
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/dcdead/3595865210/sizes/o/in/photostream/
    7. http://europamedia.wordpress.com/2011/05/27/international-cooperation-%E2%80%93-supporting-research-integration/
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/ronanmclaughlin/3087018935/sizes/l/in/photostream/
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/xorsyst/3666331764/sizes/m/in/photostream/
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/isayx3/3492777593/sizes/l/in/photostream/
    18. http://www.flickr.com/photos/frisno/2928818748/sizes/l/in/photostream/
    http://etc.usf.edu/clipart/69200/69297/69297_monsters_sea.htm
    http://allaboutmadonna.com/2006/07/madonnas-2007-calendar-cover-revealed.php
    19. http://www.flickr.com/photos/cool_colonia4711/3372471040/sizes/z/in/photostream/
    http://www.tmonews.com/2011/07/t-mobile-roadmap-offers-release-dates-for-new-devices-guess-the-phone/
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/marine_corps/4749548666/sizes/l/in/photostream/
    22. http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2009/jan/21/1
    http://www.wrecksite.eu/imgBrowser.aspx?2572
    http://www.surfertoday.com/environment/852-lost-shipping-cargo-threats-surfers-in-kent-and-east-sussex
    http://cstv.uwaterloo.ca/2010/10/royal-navy-nuclear-sub-astute-runs-aground-dated-charts-to-blame.html
    25. http://www.flickr.com/photos/stonebridgedapper/4858543887/sizes/l/in/photostream/
    26. http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/gallery/2010/nov/09/underwater-photography-2010#/?picture=368478398&index=11
    31. http://archive.unu.edu/update/archive/issue45_14.htm