Wars Of Religion Thirty Years War
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
9,635
On Slideshare
9,625
From Embeds
10
Number of Embeds
3

Actions

Shares
Downloads
95
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 10

http://www.slideshare.net 8
http://translate.googleusercontent.com 1
http://governpoint.org 1

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Wars of Religion: 1559-1648 The Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648)
  • 2. Most important war of the 17th c
    • Failure of the Peace of Augsburg 1555
  • 3. First Phase: Bohemian Phase
    • Defenestration of Prague (1618)
      • Holy Roman Emperor placed sever restrictions on Protestantism
      • Two HRE officials thrown out a window and fell 70 feet
      • The Emperor then sought to annihilate the Calvinist nobility in Bohemia
    • Protestant forces defeated and Protestantism was eliminated in Bohemia
  • 4. Second Phase: Danish Phase
    • Height of Catholic power during the war
    • Albrecht von Wallenstein (1583-1634)
      • Mercenary general paid by the emperor
    • Edict of Restitution (1629)
      • All church territories that had been secularized since 1552 automatically restored to Catholic Church
      • Deprived all Protestants, except Lutherans, of their religious rights
  • 5. Third Phase: Swedish Phase
    • Protestants liberated territory lost in Danish Phase
    • Gustavus Adolphus (King of Sweden)
      • Led army that pushed Catholic forces back to Bohemia
      • Battle of Breitenfeld 163--Ended Hapsburg hopes of reuniting Germany
    • HREer reluctantly annulled the Edict of Restitution
    • France feared resurgence of Catholicism in the HRE
  • 6. Forth Phase: French (International) Phase
    • Cardinal Richelieu
      • Allied with the Protestant forces to defeat the HRE
      • Policies reflected Catholic France’s paramount diplomatic concerns as political, not religious; thus politique
    • Most Destructive
      • Agriculture collapsed
      • 8 million dead
      • Massive inflation
      • Trade crippled throughout Europe
    • France did not want strong state on eastern border
  • 7. Treaty of Westphalia 1648
    • Ended Catholic Reformation in Germany
    • Renewal of Peace of Augsburg but added Calvinism as a politically accepted faith
      • Germany remain divided for centuries
    • Dissolution of HRE confirmed
      • Netherlands and Switzerland gained their independence from Spain
      • 300+ German states become sovereign
      • Pope denied right to intervene in HRE affairs
    • France, Sweden, and Brandenburg (future Prussia) received various territories and gained international stature
    • The two Hapsburg branches were weakened
      • Spanish saw empire dramatically
      • Austrian lost much influence in Germany
  • 8. Results of the Thirty Years’ War
    • Germany physically devastated
    • Further divided by decline of the HRE
    • Ends the wars of religion
    • Beginning of the Rise of France as the dominant European power; also accelerated the continued rise of Britain and the Netherlands
      • Balance of power diplomacy emerges in Europe