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Wars Of Religion Spain Netherlands

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Published in: Business, Spiritual

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  • 1. Wars of Religion: 1559-1648 Spain’s Catholic Crusade
  • 2. Philip II (1556-1598)
    • Like father, Charles V, fanatically sought to re-impose Catholicism in Europe
    • Escorial
      • New royal palace
      • Built as grill to commemorate St. Lawrence
      • Symbolized the power of Philip as well as his commitment to his Catholic crusade
  • 3. Battle of Lepanto (1517)
    • War against the Turks in Mediterranean
    • Spain defeated the Turkish navy off the coast of Greece
    • Reminiscent of the earlier Christian Crusades
    • Ended Ottoman threat in the Med
  • 4. The Spanish Netherlands
    • The pivot around which European money, diplomacy, and war revolved
    • Exchange site of products from the Baltic and Italy
      • Antwerp
    • Corruption in RCC and Lutheran tracts and Dutch translations of the Bible attracted many to Protestantism in 1520/1530’s
      • Charles V was Flemish and thus did little to stop reform
      • Philip was Spanish
  • 5. The Dutch Revolt
    • William I (William of Orange) (1533-1548)
      • Led 17 provinces against the Spanish Inquisition
    • United Provinces of the Netherlands
      • 1581 (Dutch Republic)
      • Aid from Elizabeth I
      • Major blow to Philip’s goal of maintaining Catholicism throughout his empire
      • 10 Southern provinces remained under Spain’s control
      • Dutch closing the Scheldt River resulted in rise of Amsterdam
  • 6. Spain vs. England
    • Queen Mary Tudor (Philip’s wife) tried to re-impose Catholicism in England
      • “ Elizabethan Settlement” reversed Mary’s actions
    • Elizabeth helped the Protestant Netherlands gain independence
    • Philip sought revenge for England’s support and to make England Catholic again
      • Invasion of England 1588
  • 7. The Spanish Armada 1588
    • Spain’s attempt to invade England ended in disaster
    • Spain’s navy lay in ruins
    • Signaled the rise of England a world naval power
    • Spain still powerful until mid-17th century