Life in Early Modern Society Mckay 15 4 5

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  • 1. Changing Early Modern Society Bozeman High School – AP European History McKay et al., 7 th ed. – Chapter 15, Section 4 & 5
  • 2. Essential Questions
    • What are the preoccupations and assumptions of any age? How do those express themselves in political, social, and economic movements?
    • How do the art and literature of a time express its fundamental values?
  • 3. Life in 16th and 17th Centuries
    • Social Hierarchy
      • Countryside
      • Towns
      • Education means of movement
    • Demography
      • “ Long 16th Century”
      • Cities larger increase than countryside
      • Patriarchal families
      • Life Expectancy
        • Men 27 years
        • Women 25 years
  • 4. Witch Hunts (ca.1400-1700)
    • 70,000-100,000 killed
    • Causes
      • Popular belief in magic
      • Catholic Church claimed that powers came from God or devil
      • Women seen as “weaker vessels”
      • Religious wars and divisions
    • End of Witch Hunts
      • Scientific Revolution of 16th & 17th c
      • Medicine and insurance
      • Trials chaotic
      • Protestant Ref emphasized God
  • 5. Literature and Art
  • 6. Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592)
    • Skepticism
      • Doubt that true knowledge could be attained
      • Tolerant of others views
    • Developed a new literary genre-- the essay form
    • “ I listen with attention to the judgment of all men; but so far as I can remember, I have followed non but my own. Though I se little value upon my own opinion, I set no more on the opinions of others.”
  • 7. Elizabethan and Jacobean Literature
    • Golden Age of English literature
    • Shakespeare (1546-1616)
      • Renaissance Man
      • Nationalistic
      • Human problems
    • King James Bible
      • 1611 committee of scholars published at behest of James I (1603-1625)
      • Anglican and Puritan desire to encourage laypeople to read the Scriptures
  • 8. Baroque Period
    • Catholic Reformation- demonstrate the glory and power of the Catholic Church
    • Architecture and Sculpture
      • Bernini (1598-1650)
      • Colonnade for piazza in front of St. Peter’s Basilica
      • Canopy over the alter in St. Peter’s Cathedral
      • The Ecstasy of St. Teresa
  • 9. Carvaggio (1571-1610) The Entombment of Christ (1602-1603) Death of the Virgin (1604-1606)
  • 10. Reubens (1577-1640) Horrors of War
  • 11. Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750)
    • Baroque music almost a century later
    • Combined baroque spirit of invention, tension, and emotion
    • Not fully appreciated in his lifetime--reputation grown since early 19th c
    Violin Sonata No. 1 in G minor
  • 12. Essential Questions
    • What are the preoccupations and assumptions of any age? How do those express themselves in political, social, and economic movements?
    • How do the art and literature of a time express its fundamental values?