Constitutionalism England 1642 1660

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  • 1. English Constitutionalism: The English Civil War (1642-1649)
  • 2. Immediate Cause
    • Charles I tried to arrest several Puritans in Parliament
    • March 1642 Charles declared war against his opponents in Parliament
    • Civil War Resulted
      • Cavaliers--supported the king
      • Roundheads--(Calvinists) opposed the king
  • 3. Playskool Version of the English Civil War Cavaliers Roundheads
  • 4. English Civil War
  • 5. Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658)
    • Fiercely Puritan Independent and military leader of the roundheads
    • Eventually led his New Model Army to victory in 1649
    • Pride’s Purge (1648)
      • Removed all non-Puritans and Presbyterians from Parliament leaving “Rump Parliament”
  • 6. Regicide
    • Charles I was beheaded in 1649
  • 7. English Constitutionalism: The Interregnum 1649-1660
  • 8. The Interregnum (1649-1660)
    • The Commonwealth (1649-1653)
      • A republic that abolished the monarchy and the House of Lords
    • The Protectorate (1653-1659)
      • Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector (in effect, a dictatorship)
  • 9. New Sects Emerged
    • Levellers
    • Diggers
    • Quakers
      • Allowed women to play a role in preaching
  • 10. Dissolves the “Rump” Parliament 1653 The Protectorate (1653-1659)
  • 11. Cromwell’s Military Campaigns
    • 1649-Cromwell invaded Ireland to put down an Irish uprising
  • 12. England Under Cromwell
    • Puritan-controlled gov’t sought to regulate the moral life of England
    • Cromwell died in 1658 and his son, Richard
      • Stuarts under Charles II were restored to the throne in 1660