Age of Exploration and Conquest Bozeman High School – AP European History McKay et al., 7 th  ed. – Chapter 15, Section 2 ...
Causes <ul><li>Crusades    by-pass intermediaries to get to Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>Renaissance    curiosity about other...
Causes <ul><li>“ God, Glory and Gold”--  Igor Babailov </li></ul>
Causes--Cartography <ul><li>Waldseemuller’s (1507) </li></ul>
Causes--Technology Sextant compass Astrolabe
Causes--Ships
Exploration by Countries
Portugal <ul><li>Water route to Asia  </li></ul><ul><li>Prester John </li></ul><ul><li>Prince Henry the Navigator (1394-14...
Portugal <ul><li>Vasco da Gama </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All water expedition to India 1498 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Amerigo Ves...
Spain <ul><li>Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) </li></ul><ul><li>1492 Bahamas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Indies” somewhere we...
Spain <ul><li>Bartholomew de las Casas (1474-1566) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies ...
Spain  <ul><li>Treaty of Tordesillas (1492) </li></ul>
Spain <ul><li>Vasco Balboa (1475-1517) </li></ul>Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521)
Spain-Conquistadores <ul><li>Hernando Cort és (1485-1547) </li></ul>
Spain-Conquistadores <ul><li>Francisco Pizarro (1478-1541) </li></ul>
Spanish Empire in New World <ul><li>Resembled more the “New Imperialism” of late 19th and early 20th c by outright conquer...
“ Old Imperialism” in Africa and Asia <ul><li>Forts and Posts along the coast not penetrating inland </li></ul><ul><li>Alp...
France <ul><li>Northwest Passage </li></ul><ul><li>Jacques Cartier (1491-1557) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>St. Lawrence River </...
England <ul><li>Relatively Late in exploration game </li></ul><ul><li>John Cabot (1425-1500) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Henry V...
Slave Trade <ul><li>asiento </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal first introduced slavery in Brazil to farm the sugar plantations </...
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Age Of Exploration And Conquest Mckay 15 2&3

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Age Of Exploration And Conquest Mckay 15 2&3

  1. 1. Age of Exploration and Conquest Bozeman High School – AP European History McKay et al., 7 th ed. – Chapter 15, Section 2 & 3
  2. 2. Causes <ul><li>Crusades  by-pass intermediaries to get to Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>Renaissance  curiosity about other lands and peoples. </li></ul><ul><li>Reformation  refugees & missionaries. </li></ul><ul><li>Monarchs seeking new sources of revenue. </li></ul><ul><li>Technological advances. </li></ul><ul><li>Fame and fortune. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Causes <ul><li>“ God, Glory and Gold”-- Igor Babailov </li></ul>
  4. 4. Causes--Cartography <ul><li>Waldseemuller’s (1507) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Causes--Technology Sextant compass Astrolabe
  6. 6. Causes--Ships
  7. 7. Exploration by Countries
  8. 8. Portugal <ul><li>Water route to Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Prester John </li></ul><ul><li>Prince Henry the Navigator (1394-1460) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>School of Navigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ceuta 1415 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bartholomew Dias (1450-1500) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rounded S. Tip of Africa </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Portugal <ul><li>Vasco da Gama </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All water expedition to India 1498 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Amerigo Vespucci (1454-1512) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Explored Brazil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ New World” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Brazil </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Portugal’s Major colony in the New World </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goods and Slaves </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Spain <ul><li>Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) </li></ul><ul><li>1492 Bahamas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Indies” somewhere west of India </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Significance is it ushered in an era of European exploration and domination </li></ul>
  11. 11. Spain <ul><li>Bartholomew de las Casas (1474-1566) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies (1552) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Criticized ruthless treatment with Amerindians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Writings spread ideas that Spanish treating them the worst </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Spain <ul><li>Treaty of Tordesillas (1492) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Spain <ul><li>Vasco Balboa (1475-1517) </li></ul>Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521)
  14. 14. Spain-Conquistadores <ul><li>Hernando Cort és (1485-1547) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Spain-Conquistadores <ul><li>Francisco Pizarro (1478-1541) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Spanish Empire in New World <ul><li>Resembled more the “New Imperialism” of late 19th and early 20th c by outright conquering entire regions and subjugating their population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1545-Potos í in Peru ushered in the “golden age” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Encomienda system </li></ul><ul><li>Mestizos </li></ul><ul><li>Creoles </li></ul>
  17. 17. “ Old Imperialism” in Africa and Asia <ul><li>Forts and Posts along the coast not penetrating inland </li></ul><ul><li>Alphonso d’Albuquerque (1453-1515) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Foundation for Portuguese imperialism in 16th and 17th </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Control Indian Ocean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Francis Xavier (1506-1552) Jesuit missionaries to Asia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dutch Republic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dutch East India Company </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expelled Portuguese </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. France <ul><li>Northwest Passage </li></ul><ul><li>Jacques Cartier (1491-1557) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>St. Lawrence River </li></ul></ul><ul><li>France’s first settlement in New World, not founded until 1608 </li></ul>
  19. 19. England <ul><li>Relatively Late in exploration game </li></ul><ul><li>John Cabot (1425-1500) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Henry VII not interested in colonization since no gold and silver </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1607 Jamestown </li></ul><ul><li>Tens of thousands of Englishmen came to the eastern coast of North America in 17th &18th c. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Slave Trade <ul><li>asiento </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal first introduced slavery in Brazil to farm the sugar plantations </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated 50 million Africans died or became slaves during 17th &18th C </li></ul>
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