Age Of Exploration And Conquest Mckay 15 2&3
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  • 1. Age of Exploration and Conquest Bozeman High School – AP European History McKay et al., 7 th ed. – Chapter 15, Section 2 & 3
  • 2. Causes
    • Crusades  by-pass intermediaries to get to Asia.
    • Renaissance  curiosity about other lands and peoples.
    • Reformation  refugees & missionaries.
    • Monarchs seeking new sources of revenue.
    • Technological advances.
    • Fame and fortune.
  • 3. Causes
    • “ God, Glory and Gold”-- Igor Babailov
  • 4. Causes--Cartography
    • Waldseemuller’s (1507)
  • 5. Causes--Technology Sextant compass Astrolabe
  • 6. Causes--Ships
  • 7. Exploration by Countries
  • 8. Portugal
    • Water route to Asia
    • Prester John
    • Prince Henry the Navigator (1394-1460)
      • School of Navigation
      • Ceuta 1415
    • Bartholomew Dias (1450-1500)
      • Rounded S. Tip of Africa
  • 9. Portugal
    • Vasco da Gama
      • All water expedition to India 1498
    • Amerigo Vespucci (1454-1512)
      • Explored Brazil
      • “ New World”
    • Brazil
      • Portugal’s Major colony in the New World
      • Goods and Slaves
  • 10. Spain
    • Christopher Columbus (1451-1506)
    • 1492 Bahamas
      • “ Indies” somewhere west of India
    • Significance is it ushered in an era of European exploration and domination
  • 11. Spain
    • Bartholomew de las Casas (1474-1566)
      • A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies (1552)
      • Criticized ruthless treatment with Amerindians
      • Writings spread ideas that Spanish treating them the worst
  • 12. Spain
    • Treaty of Tordesillas (1492)
  • 13. Spain
    • Vasco Balboa (1475-1517)
    Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521)
  • 14. Spain-Conquistadores
    • Hernando Cort és (1485-1547)
  • 15. Spain-Conquistadores
    • Francisco Pizarro (1478-1541)
  • 16. Spanish Empire in New World
    • Resembled more the “New Imperialism” of late 19th and early 20th c by outright conquering entire regions and subjugating their population
      • 1545-Potos í in Peru ushered in the “golden age”
    • Encomienda system
    • Mestizos
    • Creoles
  • 17. “ Old Imperialism” in Africa and Asia
    • Forts and Posts along the coast not penetrating inland
    • Alphonso d’Albuquerque (1453-1515)
      • Foundation for Portuguese imperialism in 16th and 17th
      • Control Indian Ocean
      • Francis Xavier (1506-1552) Jesuit missionaries to Asia
    • Dutch Republic
      • Dutch East India Company
      • Expelled Portuguese
  • 18. France
    • Northwest Passage
    • Jacques Cartier (1491-1557)
      • St. Lawrence River
    • France’s first settlement in New World, not founded until 1608
  • 19. England
    • Relatively Late in exploration game
    • John Cabot (1425-1500)
      • Henry VII not interested in colonization since no gold and silver
    • 1607 Jamestown
    • Tens of thousands of Englishmen came to the eastern coast of North America in 17th &18th c.
  • 20. Slave Trade
    • asiento
    • Portugal first introduced slavery in Brazil to farm the sugar plantations
    • Estimated 50 million Africans died or became slaves during 17th &18th C