Absolutism West Euro Char Phil

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  • Absolutism West Euro Char Phil

    1. 1. Absolutism in Western Europe c. 1589-1715
    2. 2. Characteristics of W. Euro Absolutism <ul><li>Sovereignty of a country was embodied in ruler </li></ul><ul><li>Absolute monarch not subordinate to national assemblies </li></ul><ul><li>Nobility was effectively brought under control </li></ul><ul><li>Bureaucracies in the 17th century were often composed of career officials appointed by and solely accountable to the king </li></ul><ul><li>Gain control of the Roman Catholic Church (French and Spain) </li></ul><ul><li>Maintained large standing armies </li></ul><ul><li>Employed secret police </li></ul><ul><li>Foreshadowed totalitarianism in the 20th century but lacked financial, technological and military resources of 20th century dictators (Stalin and Hitler) </li></ul>
    3. 3. Philosophy of Absolutism <ul><li>Jean Bodin (1530-96) </li></ul>Bishop Jacques Boussuet (1627-1704)
    4. 4. Philosophy of Absolutism <ul><li>Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leviathan (1651) </li></ul></ul>

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