Imperialism<br />Imperialism is when countries try to expand their influence by acquiring colonies<br />Countries wanted colonies so they could get new goods and sell the ones they already had<br />In the late 1800’s France and Britain had more colonies than most European countries<br />This made Germany jealous, they started acquiring colonies too late and only got small areas in Africa<br />
Alliances<br />Alliances are agreements between two or more countries that somehow benefit everyone involved<br />Many different alliances had been signed between European countries between 1879 and 1914<br />The Two main groups that formed were the Triple Entente (Great Britain, France and Russia) and the Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy)<br />
Arms Build-up and Nationalism<br />France and Germany doubled the size of their armies from 1870 to 1914<br />The navies of Great Britain and Germany were in competition for control of the seas<br />Great Britain created a new class of battleship, the Dreadnaught that Germany would soon copy<br />
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