Trench warfare

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  • 1. Trench Warfare
  • 2. Ofence to Defence
    Trench warfare occurred because the German offensive plan, known as the “Schlieffen Plan” did not work as planned
    The Germans shifted to the defence and established trenches in anticipation of an allied counter attack
  • 3.
  • 4. The Ultimate Defence
    Trenches were only a small part of a defensive system that made the taking of any amount of land very costly in lives
    Barbed wire, mines, defensive artillery faced advancing troops besides rifle and machinegun fire from the enemy
  • 5.
  • 6. Parts of a Trench
    Fire step – where soldiers would stand to fire at an advancing enemy
    Duck board – Floor boards for the trench
    Dugout – Small caves where soldiers would sleep
  • 7.
  • 8. Life in the Trenches
    Lice– Lice were everywhere and spread quickly because of the close quarters in the trenches
    Trench Foot – Trench Foot would happen because soldiers spent their days in knee deep water, this meant their tissue would die and begin to rot, requiring amputation
    Rats – rats were everywhere eating leftover food and even dead bodies
  • 9. Daily Routine
    Everyday at dawn soldiers were ordered to “stand to” on the firing step in anticipation of an enemy attack
    Daily routine involved repairing the sandbags and duckboard in the trenches
    On a regular basis the enemy would unleash gas attacks, artillery barrages and sniper fire