The russian revolution
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The russian revolution

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The russian revolution The russian revolution Presentation Transcript

  • The Russian Revolution
  • Russian Monarchy
    Before the First World War Russia was a monarchy rule by Tsars
    At the time of the war Russia’s Tsar was Nicholas II
    Nicholas was very conservative and wanted Russia to follow the old system of social classes
    This mean that Russia was not as industrialized as many other countries
  • Russia in WW1
    The First World War was the first major industrial war
    This meant that Russia could not keep up with the amount of supplies needed by its forces, including: Rifles, ammunition, artillery and even food
    Because of their inability to supply their soldiers the Russians were suffering heavy losses in battle
  • Revolution Beginnings
    Because of the war there were food shortages across Russia and inflation was out of control
    Workers became politically involved and formed groups known as “soviets”
    Almost 400,000 on strike workers were joined by peasants and thousands of deserting soldiers
    They demanded the redistribution of land from wealthy landowners to common people
    On February 28, 1917 Tsar Nicholas abdicated his throne and a provisional government was formed
  • Socialist Soviets
    The Provisional government wasn’t doing much better, food was scarce and they were still doing poorly in the war
    More radical members of the Soviets, such as Vladimir Lenin provoked workers and soldiers with statements like, “Bread, peace and land!”
    Lenin and his followers became known as the Bolsheviks
  • Soviet Union
    In September of 1917 Bolsheviks win a majority in the provisional government
    On October 25 Bolshevik soldiers capture key buildings in Petrograd (the capital) and the Tsar’s old Winter Palace
    On October 26 the Bolsheviks gave themselves state power and local authority to the soviets
    They abolished capital punishment, got Russia out of the war and formed a Bolshevik government with Lenin as Chair