Types of Agriculture
LEARNING OBJECTIVES
1. TO DEFINE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF AGRICULTURE
2. TO EXPLAIN THE DIFFERENT FACTO...
Terrace Farming
• Terrace farming consists of building a series of step like benches. These
benches are supported by eithe...
Extensive Agriculture
• is an agricultural production system that uses
small inputs of labour, fertilizers, and capital,
r...
Slash and Burn Agriculture
• Conversion of forests for agricultural lands is the most
important cause of deforestation in ...
Agriculture
Agriculture includes both subsistence agriculture, which is producing enough
food to meet the needs of people ...
Growing Population
• Food security
• “produce more food in the next 50 years than the
last 10,000”
• 24,000 people die eac...
Technologies in Modern Agriculture
• GPS Systems
• Pinpoint fertilizer applications based on yields
• Improved seed techno...
Steps Of Farming
• Preparation of soil
• Sowing
• Adding Manure Or Fertilizers To Soil
• Irrigation
• Harvesting & Storing
Preparation of soil
• Preparation of soil is the first step before growing crop. One of the
most important task in agricul...
Sowing of seeds
• Sowing is most important part of crop production. Before sowing,
good quality seeds are selected. Good q...
Adding Manure Or Fertilizers To Soil
• The substance which is added to the soil in the form of nutrient for
the healthy gr...
Irrigation
• The supply of the water to crops at the different intervals is called
irrigation. Wells, tube wells, ponds, l...
Irrigation
• Sprinkler system is more useful on the uneven land where sufficient
water is not available. The perpendicular...
Irrigation
• Drip Irrigation is the system in which the water falls drop by drop
just at the position of the roots. It is ...
Harvesting
• Harvesting of a crop is an important task. The cutting of crop after
its mature is harvesting. In harvesting,...
Storing
• Storage of an product is an important task. If the crop grains are to
be safe from moisture, Insects, rats and m...
Thank You
• Name: Aryan Chauhan
• Class: VIII B
• Roll No: 19
Farming Methods
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Farming Methods

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Agricultural methods; technology in agriculture; irrigation methods

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Farming Methods

  1. 1. Types of Agriculture LEARNING OBJECTIVES 1. TO DEFINE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF AGRICULTURE 2. TO EXPLAIN THE DIFFERENT FACTORS AFFECTING THESE TYPES OF AGRICULTURE
  2. 2. Terrace Farming • Terrace farming consists of building a series of step like benches. These benches are supported by either sod or stone walls. Each level slows the flow of water runoff, slowing the erosion process. • They also bring into tillage areas that formerly could not be farmed. • Much of the rice that comes from Vietnam, Thailand, and other Southeast Asian countries is grown on terraces.
  3. 3. Extensive Agriculture • is an agricultural production system that uses small inputs of labour, fertilizers, and capital, relative to the land area being farmed. It most commonly refers to sheep and cattle farming in areas with low agricultural productivity
  4. 4. Slash and Burn Agriculture • Conversion of forests for agricultural lands is the most important cause of deforestation in the tropics.
  5. 5. Agriculture Agriculture includes both subsistence agriculture, which is producing enough food to meet the needs of people and also the production of financial income from cultivation of the land or commercial raising of animals. Better management of soil nutrients, and improved weed control have greatly increased yields per acre. At the same time, use of mechanization has decreased labor requirements, releasing most of the populace from intense agricultural labor.
  6. 6. Growing Population • Food security • “produce more food in the next 50 years than the last 10,000” • 24,000 people die each day from hunger • This is down 40% from 20 years ago
  7. 7. Technologies in Modern Agriculture • GPS Systems • Pinpoint fertilizer applications based on yields • Improved seed technologies decrease need for pesticides/ herbicides • A combine with GPS system- Rs. 2,61,00,000 base price
  8. 8. Steps Of Farming • Preparation of soil • Sowing • Adding Manure Or Fertilizers To Soil • Irrigation • Harvesting & Storing
  9. 9. Preparation of soil • Preparation of soil is the first step before growing crop. One of the most important task in agriculture is to turn the soil and loosened it. This Allows the roots penetrate deep onto the soil. The loosened soil helps microbes like earthworm which helps in making soil fertile.
  10. 10. Sowing of seeds • Sowing is most important part of crop production. Before sowing, good quality seeds are selected. Good quality seeds are clean and healthy seeds of a good variety. Farmers prefer to use seeds which give a high yield.
  11. 11. Adding Manure Or Fertilizers To Soil • The substance which is added to the soil in the form of nutrient for the healthy growth plants are called manure and fertilizers. Soil supplies mineral and nutrients to the crop. These nutrients are important for the growth of the plant.
  12. 12. Irrigation • The supply of the water to crops at the different intervals is called irrigation. Wells, tube wells, ponds, lakes, rivers, dams and canals are some sources of irrigation.
  13. 13. Irrigation • Sprinkler system is more useful on the uneven land where sufficient water is not available. The perpendicular pipes, having rotating nozzles on the top, are joined to the main pipeline at regular intervals . When water is allowed to escape from the rotating nozzles. It gets sprinkled on the crop as if it is raining.
  14. 14. Irrigation • Drip Irrigation is the system in which the water falls drop by drop just at the position of the roots. It is the best technique for watering fruit plants, gardens and trees.
  15. 15. Harvesting • Harvesting of a crop is an important task. The cutting of crop after its mature is harvesting. In harvesting, crop are pulled or cut close to ground. It usually takes 3 to 4 months for a cereal crop to mature.
  16. 16. Storing • Storage of an product is an important task. If the crop grains are to be safe from moisture, Insects, rats and microorganisms. The fresh crop has more moisture. If freshly harvested grains are stored without drying, they may get spoilt by organisms loosing their germination capacity. Hence, Before storing grains dry them properly in the sun.
  17. 17. Thank You • Name: Aryan Chauhan • Class: VIII B • Roll No: 19
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