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Thermoset alkid resin_

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    Thermoset alkid resin_ Thermoset alkid resin_ Presentation Transcript

    • VIVATHANAPHANVIVATHANAPHAN PHOLKHACHAPHOLKHACHA Present Fundamental Knowledge of Alkyd Resin (new version)
    • COATING RESIN’SCOATING RESIN’S PRODUCTPRODUCT 1)ALKYD RESIN1)ALKYD RESIN 2)ACRYLIC RESIN2)ACRYLIC RESIN 3)AMINO RESIN3)AMINO RESIN 4)POLYURETHANE4)POLYURETHANE RESINRESIN 5)POLYAMIDE RESIN5)POLYAMIDE RESIN 6)EPOXY ESTER RESIN6)EPOXY ESTER RESIN 7)OIL VARNISH7)OIL VARNISH 8)OTHERS8)OTHERS
    • ALCIDALCID ALCOHOLALCOHOL ACIDACID ALKYDALKYDALKYDALKYD
    • ALKYD RESINALKYD RESIN ( COATING RESIN )( COATING RESIN ) 1) SATURATED POLYESTER RESIN 2) SATURATED POLYESTER MODIFIED RESIN
    • SATURATED POLYESTERSATURATED POLYESTER RESINRESIN (OIL FREE ALKYD RESIN)(OIL FREE ALKYD RESIN) Polyhydric alcohol or Monohydric alcohol + Polybasic acid or Monobasic acid or Polybasic anhydride ESTERIFICATIO N
    • POLYHYDRIC ALCOHOLPOLYHYDRIC ALCOHOL Polyhydric alcohol : Alcohol that have two or more than two functional group (OH group). They were called as polyol or Glycol .
    • TRIMETHYLOL PROPANETRIMETHYLOL PROPANE - Good weathering resistance - Good compatibility - Good pigment dispersability - High price
    • TRIMETHYLOL ETHANETRIMETHYLOL ETHANE - Good chemical resistance - High hardness - High price - Poor flexibility
    • NEOPENTYL GLYCOLNEOPENTYL GLYCOL - Good weathering resistance - Good heat resistance - Good solubility - High price
    • ETHYLENE GLYCOLETHYLENE GLYCOL - Low cost - Good flexibility - Poor hardness - Poor weathering resistance
    • 1,6 HEXANEDIOL1,6 HEXANEDIOL -Good solubility -Good flexibility -Poor hardness - High price HOCH2(CH2)4CH2OH
    • HYDROGENATEDHYDROGENATED BISPHENOL ABISPHENOL A - High hardness - Good weathering resistance - High price
    • GLYCERINEGLYCERINE - Good workability - Good compatibility - Good pigment dispersability - Good adhesion
    • PENTAERYTHRITOLPENTAERYTHRITOL -High hardness. -Good drying property -High MW -Poor flexibility -Poor solubility
    • MONOHYDRIC ALCOHOLMONOHYDRIC ALCOHOL Monohydric alcohol : alcohol that have only one OH group.
    • 2-ETHYL HEXANOL2-ETHYL HEXANOL - Good flexibility - Low boiling point - Poor hardness
    • POLYBASIC ACIDPOLYBASIC ACID Polybasic acid : Polybasic acid are acid that have Two or more than two functional group (COOH group)
    • ISOPHTHALIC ACIDISOPHTHALIC ACID - Good weathering resistance. - Good heat resistance - Poor flexibility - Poor solubility
    • TEREPHTHALIC ACIDTEREPHTHALIC ACID - Good chemical resistance - Good water resistance - Poor workability
    • ADIPIC ACIDADIPIC ACID -Good flexibility -Good adhesion -Good solubility -Poor hardness -Poor weathering resistance
    • FUMARIC ACIDFUMARIC ACID - Good flexibility - Good solubility - Poor weathering resistance - Poor hardness
    • MONOBASIC ACIDMONOBASIC ACID Monobasic acid : acid that have only one functional group (COOH group).
    • BENZOIC ACIDBENZOIC ACID - Improve Hardness - Improve stability - Good solubility - Poor flexibility
    • PTB-BENZOIC ACIDPTB-BENZOIC ACID - Improve hardness - Improve gloss - Good solubility - Poor flexibility - High price
    • GUM ROSINGUM ROSIN - Improve hardness - Improve gloss - Poor flexibility - Poor weathering resistance - Dark color C-H CH3 CH3CH3 CH3COOH
    • POLYBASIC ANHYDRIDEPOLYBASIC ANHYDRIDE Polybasic anhydride:Polybasic acid which were dehydrated (loss water).
    • PHTHALIC ANHYDRIDEPHTHALIC ANHYDRIDE - Low price - Good workability - Poor flexibility - Poor weathering resistance
    • MALEIC ANHYDRIDEMALEIC ANHYDRIDE - Increase VIS. - Long drying property
    • HEXAHYDROPHTHALICHEXAHYDROPHTHALIC ANHYDRIDEANHYDRIDE -Light color -Good adhesion -Good weathering resistance - Poor workability - High price
    • TRIMELLITIC ANHYDRIDETRIMELLITIC ANHYDRIDE -High hardness -Good drying property -Poor stability -High price
    • REACTION FLOW CHARTREACTION FLOW CHART Polyhydric alcohol + Polybasic acid Heat&catalyst Polyester resin + H2O(loss) Solvent Resin solution Esterification reaction
    • REACTION MECHANISMREACTION MECHANISM ESTER BOND ESTER A TMP IPA
    • ESTER A ESTER A POLYESTER B POLYESTER C POLYESTER D IPA TMP
    • RELATION OF VIS. & TIMERELATION OF VIS. & TIME
    • RELATION OF Mw & TIMERELATION OF Mw & TIME
    • RELATION OF AN & TIMERELATION OF AN & TIME
    • RELATION OF OHv & TIMERELATION OF OHv & TIME
    • RELATION OF AN & VIS.RELATION OF AN & VIS.
    • MANUFACTURINGMANUFACTURING PROCESSPROCESS 1.Fusion process 2.Solvent process
    • MACHINE AND EQUIPMENTMACHINE AND EQUIPMENT DECANTER TOWER REACTION KETTLE THINNING TANK CONDENSER AGITATOR AGITATOR FILTER & PACKING
    • FUSION PROCESSFUSION PROCESS Tower(opened)
    • FUSION PROCESSFUSION PROCESS
    • SOLVENT PROCESSSOLVENT PROCESS
    • SOLVENT PROCESSSOLVENT PROCESS
    • RELATION OF VIS. & TIMERELATION OF VIS. & TIME Fusion process Solvent process
    • RELATION OF AN & TIMERELATION OF AN & TIME Fusion process Solvent process
    • SCI PRODUCTSCI PRODUCT -BECKOLITE M-6003-60 -ACRYDIC M-44-144-64X -BURNOCK AL-156-70B -FINEDIC M-8861 -FINECLADE M- -LONCIZER P-29 ETC.
    • ALKYD RESINALKYD RESIN ( COATING RESIN )( COATING RESIN ) 1) SATURATED POLYESTER RESIN 2) SATURATED POLYESTER MODIFIED RESIN
    • SATURATED POLYESTERSATURATED POLYESTER MODIFIEDMODIFIED RESINRESIN saturated polyester resin + - Oil or FA - Phenolic resin - Isocyanate compound - Placcel M - Amino resin - Epoxy modifier/resin - SM Etc.
    • LONG OIL ALKYD RESIN Saturated polyester resinSaturated polyester resin + Oil or FA (%Oil/FA>60 %)
    • Saturated polyester resinSaturated polyester resin ++ Oil or FAOil or FA (%Oil/FA=40-60 %)(%Oil/FA=40-60 %) MEDIUM OIL ALKYD RESIN
    • Saturated polyester resinSaturated polyester resin ++ Oil or FAOil or FA (%Oil/FA<40 %)(%Oil/FA<40 %) SHORT OIL ALKYD RESIN
    • Saturated polyester resinSaturated polyester resin ++ Oil or FAOil or FA ++ Phenolic resinPhenolic resin PHENOLIC MODIFIED ALKYD RESIN
    • Saturated polyester resinSaturated polyester resin ++ Oil or FAOil or FA ++ Amino resinAmino resin ACID CURING AMINO- ALKYD RESIN
    • Saturated polyester resinSaturated polyester resin ++ Oil or FAOil or FA ++ Isocyanate compoundIsocyanate compound OIL MODIFIED POLYURETHANE RESIN
    • Saturated polyester resinSaturated polyester resin ++ Isocyanate compoundIsocyanate compound MODIFIED OIL FREE ALKYD RESIN
    • Saturated polyester resinSaturated polyester resin ++ Amino resinAmino resin MODIFIED OIL FREE ALKYD RESIN
    • Saturated polyester resinSaturated polyester resin ++ Epoxy modifier/resinEpoxy modifier/resin MODIFIED OIL FREE ALKYD RESIN
    • Saturated polyester resinSaturated polyester resin ++ PIaccel-MPIaccel-M MODIFIED OIL FREE ALKYD RESIN
    • Saturated polyester resinSaturated polyester resin ++ Oil / FAOil / FA ++ SMSM STYRENE MODIFIED ALKYD RESIN
    • OIL/FA MODIFICATIONOIL/FA MODIFICATION Purpose of modifying - Improve flexibility - Improve drying property - Improve pigment dispersion Demerit of modifying - Low hardness - Poor weathering resistance - Dark color
    • RELATION OF OIL & FARELATION OF OIL & FA Glycerol FA Oil (Triglyceride)
    • TUNG OILTUNG OIL Merit -Good drying property -Good hardness -Good chemical resistance -Good corrosion resistance Demerit -Shrinking property
    • LINSEED OILLINSEED OIL Merit - Good drying property - High gloss - Good gloss retention Demerit - Poor color retention
    • DEHYDRATED CASTOR OILDEHYDRATED CASTOR OIL Merit - Good drying property - High hardness - Good gloss retention - Good chemical resistance Demerit - High price
    • SAFFLOWER OILSAFFLOWER OIL Merit - Good drying property - High gloss - Good color retention Demerit - High price
    • SOYA BEAN OILSOYA BEAN OIL Merit - Moderate drying property - Moderate gloss - Moderate color retention Demerit - Low price - Poor heat resistance
    • CASTOR OILCASTOR OIL Merit - Good adhesion - Good color - Good color retention Demerit - High price
    • COCONUT OILCOCONUT OIL Merit -Good weathering resistance -Good color -Good color retention Demerit - Poor adhesion -Poor hardness
    • OIL MODIFYING METHODOIL MODIFYING METHOD 1)MONOGLYCERIDE PROCESS 2)CHARGE ONE STEP PROCESS (COP)
    • MONOGLYCERIDE PROCESSMONOGLYCERIDE PROCESS OIL + POLYOL + LiOH ACID/ANHYDRIDE/OTHERS SOLVENT RK-side 200-250 C220-250 C
    • REACTION MECHANISMREACTION MECHANISM 1ST STEP REACTION 1SOYBEAN OIL 1GLYCERINE 1MONOGLYCERIDE 1DIGLYCERIDE Transesterification reaction Transesterification reaction
    • REACTION MECHANISMREACTION MECHANISM 1GLYCERINE 2 MONOGLYCERIDE1DIGLYCERIDE 2nd STEP REACTION
    • REACTION MECHANISMREACTION MECHANISM 1SOYBEAN OIL 1PE MONOGLYCERIDE DiGLYCERIDE
    • COP PROCESSCOP PROCESS OIL + POLYOL + ACID/ANHYDRIDE+ OTHERS Pressure 6.5 Kg/cm2 240 C FUSION PROCESS 0r SOLVENT PROCESS
    • RELATION OF OIL & FARELATION OF OIL & FA Glycerol FA Oil (Triglyceride)
    • REACTION MECHANISMREACTION MECHANISM Soybean Oil Monoglyceride Fatty acid Pressure
    • REACTION MECHANISMREACTION MECHANISM Soybean Oil glycerine Fatty acid Pressure
    • SCI PRODUCTSCI PRODUCT -BECKOSOL ES-6501-70-HV -BECKOSOL ES-5003-60 -BECKOSOL 1307-60 -ACRYDIC 5-869-M -STYRESOL M-420 ETC.
    • PHENOLIC RESINPHENOLIC RESIN MODIFICATIONMODIFICATION Purpose of modifying - Improve water resistance - Improve alkali resistance - Improve drying property Demerit of modifying - Dark color - High price
    • MODIFYING METHODMODIFYING METHOD OIL + POLYOL + LiOH + GUM ROSIN ACID/ANHYDRIDE/PHENOLIC RESIN/OTHERS 240 C
    • REACTION MECHANISMREACTION MECHANISM T-Butyl Polyester resin Phenolic resin T-Butyl Phenolic modified alkyd resin
    • SCI PRODUCTSCI PRODUCT -BECKOSOL SD-20-65 -BECKOSOL SD-29-65 -BECKOSOL E-230-AE -BECKOSOL AL-576-IM -BECKOSOL AL-505-S ETC.
    • TDI MODIFICATIONTDI MODIFICATION Purpose of modifying -Improve abrasive resistance -Improve water resistance Demerit of modifying -High price -High Toxicity
    • TDI MODIFYING METHODTDI MODIFYING METHOD OIL + POLYOL + LiOH ACID/ANHYDRIDE/OTHERS SOLVENT+TDI+ DBTDL 80-100 C 200-250 C RK-side TT-side
    • REACTION MECHANISMREACTION MECHANISM TDI-80Polyester resin
    • SCI PRODUCTSCI PRODUCT -BURNOCK UL-65 -BECKOSOL ES-5101-60 -BECKOLITE M-6301-45-IM ETC.
    • PLACCEL-MPLACCEL-M MODIFICATIONMODIFICATION Purpose of modifying -Improve flexibility Demerit of modofying -High cost
    • METHOD FOR MODIFYINGMETHOD FOR MODIFYING PLACCEL-M
    • REACTION MECHANISMREACTION MECHANISM POLYESTER RESIN PLACCEL M
    • SCI PRODUCTSCI PRODUCT -PRS-1015
    • EPOXY MODIFICATIONEPOXY MODIFICATION Purpose of modifying -Improve chemical resistance Demerit of modifying -High price
    • EPOXY MODIFYINGEPOXY MODIFYING METHODMETHOD POLYOL + ACID/ANHYDRIDE+OTHERS SOLVENT+EPOXY 2MIZ 100-140C 200-260 C RK-side TT-side
    • REACTION MECHANISMREACTION MECHANISM MODIFIED OIL FREE ALKYD RESIN POLYESTER RESIN EPOXY RESIN
    • SCI PRODUCTSCI PRODUCT -BECKOLITE VF-1079 -BECKOLITE 54-382-50 -BECKOLITE M-6206-40 ETC.
    • SM MODIFICATIONSM MODIFICATION Purpose of modifying - lighter in color - Improve chemical resistance - Improve water resistance - Improve alkali resistance Demerit of modifying - Increase price
    • SM MODIFYING METHODSM MODIFYING METHOD SOLVENT+SM 100-140 C OIL + POLYOL + LiOH ACID/ANHYDRIDE/OTHERS 200-250 C RK-side TT-side CatP
    • REACTION MECHANISMREACTION MECHANISM SMPOLYESTER RESIN
    • SCI PRODUCTSCI PRODUCT -STYRESOL 4250-50 -STYRESOL J-700
    • AMINO RESINAMINO RESIN MODIFICATIONMODIFICATION Purpose of modifying -For acid curing system -Improve hardness -Improve water resistance -Improve alkali resistance Demerit of modifying -Increase price&smell
    • AMINO RESIN MODIFYINGAMINO RESIN MODIFYING METHODMETHOD POLYOL + ACID/ANHYDRIDE+OTHERS SOLVENT+AMINO RESIN 80-120C 200-260 C RK-side TT-side
    • REACTION MECHANISMREACTION MECHANISM AMINO RESIN POLYESTER RESIN
    • SCI PRODUCTSCI PRODUCT -BECKOLITE M-6401-50S -BECKOLITE FF-630-T -BECKOSOL AC-5 ETC.