Your SlideShare is downloading. ×

Digital Revolution

1,428
views

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,428
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
17
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • © 2009 Capgemini. All rights reserved
  • Transcript

    • 1. Future watch on reliable information: bridging the gap between data and knowledge management Stephen Smith Unicon Solutions NV
    • 2. Contents
      • The Digital Revolution
        • A very Brief history
      • Information Growth
      • Information Quality
    • 3. Digital Revolution: 1940’s & 50’s
      • War, Bureaucracy and Scientific advancement
      • Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer (ENIAC)
        • Calculating device for computing ballistic firing tables
        • 30 tons. Consumed 200 KW, 18,000 vacuum tubes
      • First commercial application (Payroll)
      • Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA)
        • Legacy: Time-sharing, packet switching, TCP/IP, user interface…
      © 2009 Capgemini. All rights reserved Insert "Title, Author, Date" 1946 ENIAC 1951 New Deal UNIVAC I IBM 650 1953 1954 1957 GE Payroll application Magnetic core memory Sputnik ARPA 1958 Integrated circuit Eckart & Mauchly First digital picture Video tape recorder 1956 Mobile phone system
    • 4. Digital Revolution: 1960’s
      • Scientific advancement & Commercialization
      • SABRE
        • Largest commercial real-time data processing system
      • Satellite communication
      • DBMS – Hierarchical databases
        • IMS partly developed during Apollo project
      © 2009 Capgemini. All rights reserved Insert "Title, Author, Date" 1961 Silicon chip patent 1964 IBM 360 series IMS 1965 1967 Digital PDP-8 SABRE Digital tape recorder UNIX 1969 ARPANET Packet switching 1962 Digital Audio tape recording 1968 INTEL Apollo moon landing First satellite launch 1960
    • 5. Digital Revolution: 1970’s
      • Scientific advancement & Commercialization
      • Intel chip makes it’s debut
      • E-Mail
      • WANG delivers word processing products
        • For the IBM Selectric typewriter
      • Affordable personal computer are introduced
      © 2009 Capgemini. All rights reserved Insert "Title, Author, Date" 1971 Intel 4004 Goes to market 1975 Word processing Switched digital phone services 1973 1976 1977 Ethernet Personal Computer 1979 Electronic spreadsheet Apple Computer First digital camera (0.1M) 1972 5.25 inch floppy First fiber optic route First mobile phone Microsoft E-Mail 1974
    • 6. Digital Revolution: 1980’s
      • Commercialization
      • MS-DOS
        • Beginning of the successful Microsoft operating system
      • First internet connections via TCP/IP
        • Norway: via SATNET
      • Relational databases
        • Structured Query Language (SQL) becomes standard
      © 2009 Capgemini. All rights reserved Insert "Title, Author, Date" 1980 Computer Virus 1984 Macintosh 1981 1985 1987 CD-ROM - Portable PC - Digital photography IBM P/S 2 1988 Internet Relay Chat MS-DOS 1982 TCP/IP First internet connection
      • Compact disk
      • 3.5 inch floppy
      Portable compact disk player
    • 7. Digital Revolution: 1990’s and beyond
      • Commercialization
      • Personal portable phones become a reality for everyone
        • Second Generation: sms, media content
      • The internet becomes a global network
        • World Wide Web
      • Huge advances in storage, searching and sharing of information
      © 2009 Capgemini. All rights reserved Insert "Title, Author, Date" 1993 Mosaic Web Browser 1995 DVD standard 1994 1996 1998 Google WWW consortium Human implanted chip 2008 Head up display on contact lenses 1990 HTTP 1992 First GSM operator USB Flash memory First SMS 1991 Internet explorer Netscape navigator 2005 Youtube
    • 8. Contents
      • Information Growth
      • Information Quality
    • 9. Digital Revolution: Information Growth
      • Current day information growth
      • Studies of digital information growth (IDC*)
        • Created, captured, replicated in digital format
        • Television, Radio, Telephone, Web, Music
      © 2009 Capgemini. All rights reserved Insert "Title, Author, Date" Bit (b) 1 or 0 Byte (B) 8 bits Kilobyte (KB) 1,000 bytes (half a typewritten page) Megabyte (MB) 1,000 KB (a small novel) Gigabyte (GB) 1,000 MB (A pickup truck filled with books) Terabyte (TB) 1,000, GB (50,000 trees made into paper and printed*) Petabyte (PB) 1,000 TB Exabyte (EB) 1,000 PB Zettabyte (ZB) 1,000 EB * A tree can produced about 80,000 sheets of paper Worldwide Growth 2006 – 161 Exabytes 2010 – 988 Exabytes (6 fold growth in 4 years and an annual growth rate of 57%)
        • * The expanding Digital Universe
    • 10. Digital Revolution: Information Growth
      • Current day information growth from IDC*
      • eMail growth
        • 1998 – 2 trillion per year (2% spam)
        • 2005 - 20 trillion per year (50 % spam)
        • 2010 – 28 trillion per year (60% spam)
      • Database growth
        • Walmart reputed to have the largest database of customer transactions in the world
          • 2000 – 110 Terabytes
          • 2004 – 500 Terabytes
      © 2009 Capgemini. All rights reserved Insert "Title, Author, Date"
        • * The expanding Digital Universe
    • 11. Digital Revolution: Information Growth
      • Current day information growth study from IDC*
      • Organization Information Growth
        • 2006 – estimated to be 25% of all information
        • 2010 – Estimated to become 30%
      • Driving factors
        • Regulation (archiving , privacy, security)
        • Increase in computerization
        • Demand for more knowledge from available data
        • Additional communication methods (voicemail, messaging,…)
      © 2009 Capgemini. All rights reserved Stephen Smith, 12-05-2009
        • * The expanding Digital Universe
    • 12. Digital Revolution: Information Growth
      • Personal Digital Information Footprint
      • Personal Digital Footprint Calculator by IDC*
        • 2005 – approx 1,744 Megabytes per day
        • 2009 – approx 5,315 Megabytes per day
      © 2009 Capgemini. All rights reserved Insert "Title, Author, Date"
        • * The expanding Digital Universe
    • 13. Contents
      • Information Quality
    • 14.
      • From Data to Knowledge and wisdom
      Information: Quality Assurance © 2009 Capgemini. All rights reserved Insert "Title, Author, Date" Classification of content of the Human brain* 1 - Data 2 - Information 3 - Knowledge 4 - Understanding 5 – Wisdom First 4 relate to the past, The 5 th deals with the future * Russell Ackoff, systems theorist
    • 15. Information: Quality Assurance
      • Definition of information quality
      • Fit for use
      • Structured data vs. unstructured data
        • Structured : clearly defined data model that is easily used by computers (databases or semantically tagged)
        • Unstructured : no data model and therefore not easily used by computers (music, pictures, videos, documents, …)
      © 2009 Capgemini. All rights reserved Insert "Title, Author, Date" Criteria Explained Tagged Metadata: versioning, date, author, etc… Accuracy Correctness of data (i.e. spelling) Validity Trustworthy Consistency Integrity of the data (i.e. authorized updates) Precision Having the appropriate level of detail
    • 16. Information: Quality Assurance
      • Organization information
      • Organizational data
        • Estimated that only 20% is structured
        • However, tagging of unstructured data in improving
          • Computers can add structure
            • Defining
            • Searching
            • Matching (image, sound)
      © 2009 Capgemini. All rights reserved Insert "Title, Author, Date"
    • 17. Information: Quality Assurance
      • The quality of structured data
      • Common errors found
        • Misspellings
        • Wrong data (addresses, phone numbers,…)
        • Duplications
        • Update errors
        • Missing data
        • Out of date
        • … .
      © 2009 Capgemini. All rights reserved Insert "Title, Author, Date"
    • 18.  

    ×