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21.10.09 Microsoft Event, Microsoft Presentation

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  • 1. Virtualisation Desktop t th Datacenter D kt to the D t t Matt McSpirit Partner Technology S i li t – Vi t li ti P t T h l Specialist Virtualisation Microsoft UK http://www.mattmcspirit.co.uk
  • 2. Agenda • Before Virtualising • Server Virtualisation & Futures • Management around Virtualisation • Desktop Virtualisation • Application Virtualisation • Presentation Virtualisation • Resources & Blogs Virtualisation
  • 3. Before Virtualising Virtualisation
  • 4. Planning Stuff • IPD Guides • MAPS Tool – Version 4.0 • System Center Capacity Planner • 3rd Party Tools • ROI Tool • Core IO Assessment Tool Virtualisation
  • 5. Server Virtualisation Virtualisation
  • 6. Inherent Savings • Server Consolidation • Electrical Power • Environmental Impact • Space Server Setup Av. Watts kWh/year Cost KG of CO2 Standalone Web Server x10 5,001 43,839 $4,007 34,084 Hyper-V Server with 10 Web Server VMs 512 4,490 $410 3,491 Savings 4,489 39,349 $3,597 30,593 Virtualisation
  • 7. Virtualisation
  • 8. Server Virtualisation R2 Virtualisation
  • 9. Virtualisation
  • 10. Failover Cluster Configuration Program • Purchase solutions that you know will work • Microsoft recommends you purchase from FCCP partners • Not required for Microsoft support, but must still be logo’d logo d • Look for solutions with this tagline: • “Validated by Microsoft Failover Cluster Configuration Program” Virtualisation
  • 11. High Availability (Unplanned) SAN .VHDs .VHDs .VHDs .VHDs 1. 2 Windows Server 2008 R2 (Ent / DC) Hyper-V Nodes in a Failover Cluster. Each Node has 2 VMs running. VMs are stored on the SAN. 2. 2 Node 1 Fails and also brings down 2 VMs Fails, 3. Failover Clustering in Windows Server 2008 R2 ensures that VMs restart on Node 2 of the Hyper-V Cluster Virtualisation
  • 12. Live Migration (Planned) SAN .VHDs .VHDs .VHDs .VHDs 1. 2 Windows Server 2008 R2 (Ent / DC) Hyper-V Nodes in a Failover Cluster. Each Node has 2 VMs running. VMs are stored on the SAN. 2. 2 We decide we d like to migrate a running VM from Node 1 to Node 2 we’d 3. Live Migration in Windows Server 2008 R2 (Ent/DC) ensures that VMs are migrated with no downtime Virtualisation
  • 13. Cluster Shared Volumes • Cluster Shared Volumes (CSV) • Enabling multiple nodes to concurrently access a bli li l d l single ‘truly’ shared LUN • Provides VM’s complete transparency with respect to which nodes actually own a LUN • Guest VMs can be moved without requiring any drive ownership changes p g • No dismounting and remounting of volumes is required Virtualisation
  • 14. Cluster Shared Volumes SAN C:ClusterStorageVolume1 LUN1 LUN2 C:ClusterStorageVolume1 C:ClusterStorageVolume2 LUN3 LUN4 C:ClusterStorageVolume2 C:ClusterStorageVolume3 C:ClusterStorageVolume3 C:ClusterStorageVolume4 C:ClusterStorageVolume4 1. We’ve set up a WS2008 R2 Cluster, and created 4 LUNs on the SAN. 2. We’ve made the LUNs available to the Cluster 3. 3 In Failover Clustering MMC, we mark the LUNs as CSV s. MMC CSV’s 4. Each Node in our Cluster then has a Consistent Namespace for accessing the LUNs. We can now drop as many VMs on each CSV as we like. Virtualisation
  • 15. Cluster Shared Volumes Distributed file access coordinated through a node VM performing Volume direct I/O mounted on one node SAN LUN 5 VHD VHD VHD Virtualisation
  • 16. CSV Stats CSV Max Volume Size 256 TB Min Volume Size 1 MB Max # Partitions 128 LUN Concatenation Hardware LUN Expansion Data Migration Seamless Suppo ted a d a e Supported Hardware Co Commodity od ty Storage Type FC, iSCSI, NAS, SAS Multi-path Support Industry Standard iSCSI Initiator Support Industry Standard Write I/O Performance Fast!! Metadata Updates Fast!! Max Number of LUNS’s b f S’ 2,000+ 2 000 Directory Structure Unrestricted Max # of Files per Volume 4+ Billion LUN Presentation Flexible Storage Model Price Free! Virtualisation
  • 17. Redirected I/O • I/O rerouted based on connection availability • SAN Connectivity fails – I/O redirected over network • Network Failure – I/O redirected via other node • Node Failure – volume ownership redirected Virtualisation
  • 18. Core Parking • One of many po er related power-related enhancements • Consolidates process onto fewest cores • S Suspends d remaining cores Virtualisation
  • 19. Thin Provisioning Guest OS needs to see 100GB but may only consume % of that With Fi d VHDs, Wi h Fixed VHD a 100GB VHD VM VHD would consume 100GB on SAN With Dynamic VHDs, the physical space consumed i only equal to d is l l that consumed by Guest OS Virtualisation
  • 20. Windows Server 2008 R2 – Hyper-V • High Availability & Live Migration • Cluster Shared Volumes with I/O Redirection • 64 Logical Processor (Core) Support • 64 GB RAM & 4vCPUs • Core P ki & P C Parking Processor C Compatibility M d tibilit Mode • Hot Add/Remove Storage • Thin Provisioned VHDs • Second Level Address Translation • Leveraging new Virtualisation technology built into next generation of Intel (EPT) / AMD (NPT) chips • Boot from VHD • Networking Improvements • NIC Teaming, Jumbo Frames & TCP Offload • Virtualised I/O Virtualisation
  • 21. Hyper-V Architecture Provided by: OS Parent Partition Child Partitions Hyper V Hyper-V VM Worker Processes ISV / IHV / OEM Applications Applications Applications WMI Provider MS/ XenSource VM Service User Mode Windows Server Windows Server Non- Xen Enabled Xen-Enabled Linux 2008, x64 Windows Server 2008 x64 Wi 2008, 2003 S d 2008, 64 Hypervisor Kernel Windows Aware OS Linux Drivers VSP Windows VSC Windows Kernel Kernel VSC Windows Windows Drivers Hypercall H ll Kernel Adapter VMBus VMBus Emulation VMBus Kernel Mode Hyper-V “Certified for Windows” Server Hardware Virtualisation
  • 22. Windows Server 2008 R2 Hyper-V Demo Virtualisation
  • 23. Virtualisation Licensing • By assigning a copy of WS 2008 R2 Enterprise: – 4 free running Instances g – Cumulative... • The same process with WS 2008 R2 Datacenter: – Unlimited running instances • Virtualisation Agnostic Virtualisation
  • 24. Virtualisation Support • Server Virtualisation Validation Program (SVVP) Launched – Opportunity for non-MS Virtualisation platforms to be ‘certified’ to run MS Servers & Applications – http://www.windowsservercatalog.com/svvp/ p // g / p/ • Current list includes: • Cisco WAAS Virtual Blades 4.1 • Citrix XenServer 5, Emb, 5.5 • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 SP2 • VMware ESX 3.5 U2, U3, U4 • VMware ESXi 3.5 U3, U4 • VMware vSphere – ESX 4.0, ESXi 4.0 • But what does this mean for me? Virtualisation
  • 25. Virtualisation Support – KB957006 Microsoft Application Virtualization (App-V) Microsoft Operations Manager (MOM) 2005 Microsoft BizTalk Server Microsoft Search Server Microsoft Commerce Server Windows SBS / EBS 2008 Microsoft Dynamics AX, CRM, GP, NAV Microsoft SQL Server 2005, 2008 Microsoft Exchange Server Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager Microsoft Forefront Client Security Microsoft System Center Data Protection Manager Microsoft Intelligent Application Gateway (IAG) Microsoft System Center Essentials Microsoft Forefront Security for Exchange (FSE) y g ( ) Microsoft System Center Operations Manager y p g Microsoft Forefront Security for SharePoint (FSP) Microsoft System Center Virtual Machine Manager Microsoft Host Integration Server Microsoft Systems Management Server (SMS) Microsoft Internet Security and Acceleration (ISA) Microsoft Visual Studio Team System Microsoft Office Communications Server R2 Microsoft Windows HPC Server 2008 Microsoft Office Groove Server Windows Server 2003 Web Edition Microsoft Office PerformancePoint Server Microsoft Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) Microsoft Office Project Server Windows Web Server 2008 Microsoft Office SharePoint Server and WSS Virtualisation
  • 26. Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 • On par with WS2008 R2 Enterprise • 1 TB RAM ( f (up from 32G ) 32GB) • 64 Logical Processor (Core) Support (up from 24) • Cluster Shared Volumes • Hot Add Hot-Add / Remove Storage • Failover Clustering & Live Migration • Free • Doesn’t require dedicated management p q g product • Manage from WS2008 R2 GUI / Win 7 RSAT Virtualisation
  • 27. Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 Virtualisation
  • 28. Side by Side Comparison Hyper-V Server WS2008 EE / DC Hyper-V Server 2008 2008 R2 Hyper-V R2 x64 Only & Yes Yes Yes Hypervisor Based Product Type Standalone Product Standalone Product Operating System Physical Sockets Up to 4 Up to 8 Up to 8 (EE) | Up to 64 (DC) Physical Core Support 24 (with QFE) 64 64 Physical Memory 32GB 1TB 1TB VM Mi ti Migration None N Failover + Q i k & Live F il Quick Li Failover + Q i k & Live F il Quick Li CMD Line, Text –Based CMD Line, Text –Based CMD Line, Local GUI Administrative UI Config Utility, Remote GUI Config Utility, Remote GUI (Hyper-V Manager MMC), g Management Management g Remote GUI Management g Management Existing Management Tools SCVMM Managed? Yes (SCVMM 2008 & R2) Yes (SCVMM 2008 R2) Yes (SCVMM 2008 R2) Free Windows Guests? 0 0 4 (EE) | Unlimited (DC) Number of running VM 192 (or as many as physical 384 VMs (1 vCPU) or up to 384 VMs (1 vCPU) or up to Guests resources allow) 512 vCPUs 512 vCPUs Storage g DAS: SATA, eSATA, PATA, SAS, SCSI, USB, Firewire, SANs: iSCSI, FC, FCoE , , , , , , , , , Windows Server: 2008 R2, 2008, 2003 SP2, 2000 SP4 / Novell SUSE SLES 10 SP1 / SP2 Guest OS Support Windows Client: 7, Vista SP1, XP SP2/SP3 Virtualisation
  • 29. Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 Demo Virtualisation
  • 30. Management Virtualisation
  • 31. Virtualisation Management Virtualisation
  • 32. Virtualisation Management • Desktop Management • Multi-Hypervisor • Cross-Platform • Protect Hyper-V • Server Management Management Monitoring • Protect SharePoint • P2V & V2V • Service Level Monitoring • Protect SQL • Device Management • Quick Storage Migration • Automate Routines • Protect Exchange • OS Deployment • SCVMM Integration • Physical & Virtual • App Deployment • OpsMgr Integration • 3rd Party Integration • X-Forest Protection • Patch M P h Management • Intelligent Placement • End to End Service • DR & Cloud Integration • Asset Intelligence • Library & Web Portal Management • Disk & Tape Backup • Desired Configuration • AD Integration • Reporting • Continuous Data Management • PowerShell • Client Monitoring Protection Virtualisation
  • 33. System Center Demo Virtualisation
  • 34. System Center Licensing (Suites) Server Management Suite Enterprise Server Management Suite Datacenter Full Application and Server Management ( pp g (P&V) ) Full Application and Server Management ( pp g (P&V) ) Virtualisation
  • 35. SMSe (Enterprise) from 1st July 2009 • Designed for ‘Lightly’ virtualised servers • By assigning an SMSe to the Physical box, it can be: – Patched/Updated (SCCM) – Monitored (SCOM) – Backed Up (SCDPM) – VMM Host (SCVMM) – VMM Server (SCVMM) • R il @ $1192 per SVR Retails • SMSe grants 4 Virtual OSEs per SMSe • E.g. 4 VMs or 3 VMs & Host • Virtualisation Agnostic Virtualisation
  • 36. SMSd (Datacenter) from 1st July 2009 • Designed for ‘Heavily’ virtualised servers • By assigning an SMSd to the Physical box, it can be: – Patched/Updated (SCCM) – Monitored (SCOM) – Backed Up (SCDPM) – VMM Host (SCVMM) – VMM Server (SCVMM) ( ) • Retails @ $744 per CPU • SMSd grants unlimited virtualisation OSE rights... • Virtualisation Agnostic Virtualisation
  • 37. Retail Pricing Summary Area Description Price (Estimated Retail Price) in $ Server Editions: Windows Server 2008 Data Center Edition $2999 per Processor p Windows Server 2008 Enterprise Edition $3999 per Server Virtualisation SMSe (Per Host) $1192 (host + 3 VM’s or 4 VM’s) Management Licenses: SMSd (Per CPU) $744 Management Server SCDPM 2007 Server $579 Licenses: SCOM 2007 R2 SVR $579 SCCM 2007 R2 SVR $579 SCVMM 2008 R2 Workgroup (<= 5 Hosts) $505 SCVMM 2008 R2 (>5 Hosts, Per Host) $869 SCDPM 2007, SCCM 2007 R2, SCOM 2007 2007 R2 Agents: $431 per agent R2 Agent(s) (Per OSE) http://www.microsoft.com/windowsserver2008/en/us/pricing.aspx Virtualisation
  • 38. Enterprise Example • 3-Node (2CPU) Cluster • This example includes Windows Server OS p licenses (4). Price Based on advertised retail price as at 01/07/09 Server Management Suite Enterprise VIRTUALISATION Management Servers 3 x WS2008 R2 Enterprise @ $3999 p per Host = $11,997 Total Cost: $17,310 3 x SMSe @ $1192 per Host = $3576 1 of each @ $579 each = $1737 Virtualisation
  • 39. Datacenter Example • 3-Node (2CPU) Cluster • This example includes unlimited Windows p Server OS licenses for each node. Price Based on advertised retail price as at 01/07/09 Server Management Suite Datacenter VIRTUALISATION Management Servers 3 x WS2008 R2 Datacenter @ $2999 per CPU = $17,994 Total Cost: $24,195 6 x SMSd @ $744 per CPU = $4464 1 of each @ $579 each = $1737 Virtualisation
  • 40. No Guest OS Example • 3-Node (2CPU) Cluster • This example includes no Windows Server OS p licenses for each node. Price Based on advertised retail price as at 01/07/09 Server Management Suite VIRTUALISATION Management Servers Cost = $0 Total: 3 x SMSe @ $1192 per Host = $3576 $5313 (SMSe) / $6201 (SMSd) 6 x SMSd @ $744 per CPU = $4464 1 of each @ $579 each = $1737 Virtualisation
  • 41. SMB Example • Up to 5-Node (2CPU) Cluster • This example includes no Windows Server OS p licenses for each node. Price Based on advertised retail price as at 01/07/09 Management VIRTUALISATION Fully Featured Workgroup Cost = $0 Edition for up to 5 Physical Hosts & Unlimited VMs= $505 Total: $0 / $505 Virtualisation
  • 42. Desktop Virtualisation Virtualisation
  • 43. Desktop Virtualisation Technologies VDI Virtualisation
  • 44. Windows Virtual PC • Free Download • Run multiple OS’s on Desktop/Laptop • Great for: • T hS Tech Supportt • Legacy Applications • Training • 4 Free local VMs with Vista Enterprise Virtualisation
  • 45. MED-V • Microsoft Enterprise Desktop Virtualisation • Designed to solve App -> OS Incompatibility • Seamless & Controlled Deployment of Virtual PC Images: • C t ll M Centrally Managed Vi t l I d Virtual Images • Invisible to End User • Usage Policy & Data Transfer Control Virtualisation
  • 46. Virtual PC 2007 Experience Introduction of VM Concepts to User A very obvious ‘second OS environment’ Virtualisation
  • 47. MED-V Experience Integrated XP (VM) Apps into Local Vista OS Start Menu Integration Virtualisation
  • 48. MED-V Beta Demo Virtualisation
  • 49. Virtual Desktop Infrastructure Improve desktop flexibility, business agility and data control by moving to a Virtual Desktop Infrastructure, running on Hyper-V. Hyper V. Virtualisation
  • 50. Microsoft VDI Citrix XenDesktop Quest vWorkspace 6 06.0 Brocade / Ericom / VDIworks Unisys / SunRay Virtualisation
  • 51. Licensing VDI – Part 1 (VECD) SA Devices DATACENTER Non- SA Devices Typically Laptops/Desktops Includes Thin Clients Device Covered by SA Choose your Hypervisor(s) Device Not Covered by SA Buy VECD for SA Choose your Guest OS’s Buy VECD (or Upgrade to SA) Retails @ $23 per Device Mix & Match Guest OS’s Retails @ $110 per Device Allows MDOP Bolt-On Bolt On Run Unlimited Guests Allows MDOP Bolt-On Bolt On Each VECD licensed device is covered to access up to 4 vDesktops at once, running in the Datacenter Virtualisation
  • 52. Licensing VDI – Part 2 (VDI Suites) ( (VDI) ) (VDI & non-VDI) $21 Per Device + $53 PPer VECD Device + VECD Virtualisation
  • 53. Microsoft VDI with RDS Demo Virtualisation
  • 54. Application Virtualisation Virtualisation
  • 55. Application Virtualisation Technologies Virtualisation
  • 56. Application Virtualisation 4.5 Demo Virtualisation
  • 57. Microsoft Desktop Optimisation Pack p p Translating software inventory Enhancing group policy through Dynamically streaming software as a into business intelligence change management centrally managed service Proactively managing application and Powerful tools to accelerate Simplifying deployment and operating system failures p g y desktop repair p p management of Virtual PCs g Virtualisation
  • 58. Presentation Virtualisation Virtualisation
  • 59. Remote Desktop Services With Remote Desktop Services, you can easily provide individual applications, or full OS environments to your end users, over the network. Virtualisation
  • 60. Presentation Virtualisation • Huge investments still VIRTUALISATION being made in TS / RDP • Greater ROI than VDI • Sessions Per Server > Becomes... Desktops per Server VIRTUALISATION • Great for Majority • Extended by XenApp • Familiar & Mature • Evolving (RDP7) Virtualisation
  • 61. Introducing Remote Desktop Services TS RemoteApp™ RemoteApp™ TS Gateway RD Gateway TS Session Broker RD Connection Broker TS Web Access RD Web Access TS Easy Print RD Easy Print Terminal Server RD Session Host RD Virtual Host RemoteApp & Desktop Connections Virtualisation
  • 62. Key Benefits • Simplicity & Manageability • Deployment • Flexible Working • Data Security • Increase Efficiency • Speed Up Application Access Virtualisation
  • 63. RDS Architecture RD Web Access RD Session Host RD Client RD Connection RD Virtualization RD Gateway Broker Host Active Di t ® A ti Directory® Licensing Server Virtualisation
  • 64. RD Virtualisation Host Personal Virtual Desktops RD Connection Pooled Virtual Desktops Broker RD Active Directory A ti Di t Client Virtualisation
  • 65. Personal & Pooled Desktops Personal Virtual Desktops • One OS image per user • Administrator access, desktop customisable • User state typically part of the image yp yp g Personal Virtual Desktops Personal Virtual Desktops • Shared OS images identically configured images, • No administrator access • User state temporary - discarded at session end Pooled Virtual Desktops Virtualisation
  • 66. User Experience Enhancements • True Multi-Monitor Support (16) • Bi-Directional Audio • Windows Media Redirection • Remote Aero Glass • Enhanced Bitmap Acceleration • Direct2D & Direct3D Redirection • Easy Print • RDP Performance Enhancements Virtualisation
  • 67. RD Session Host Enhancements • CPU Fairshare • WSRM provides weightings S id i hi • Improved Management p g • PowerShell Integration • Roaming P fil C h M R i Profile Cache Management • MSI Compatibility Improvements p y p • Platform Investments • IP Virtualisation – Session/Program Virtualisation
  • 68. Windows Server 2008 R2: RDS Demo Virtualisation
  • 69. RDS Gateway • Allows secure seamless connection without VPN • Tunnels RDP over HTTPS - same as Outlook • Place RDS behind multiple firewalls without opening multiple firewall ports other than 443 • Provides Policy Control over: • Who can access what & optionally enforce smart card use and restrict device redirection • Allows access to: • RDS Remote Desktops a d Programs, C e t a d Se e Remote S e ote es tops and og a s, Client and Server e ote Desktop • When should RDS Gateway be used in place of VPN? • When no local copy of data is required & when bandwidth or application characteristics makes VPN experience poor Virtualisation
  • 70. RDS Gateway Policies 4 3 2 1 Connection Complete HTTP & to checks to RDS Gateway connect to RDS Session RDPhealth External firewall strips – access passes Hosts RDS Gateway Client tries to authenticates user /Machines/RDS/Web Access 3 RDS Gateway Client 2 1 XP/Vista/7 4 RDS Session Host RDS Web Access internet perimeter internal Virtualisation
  • 71. RDS Easy Print 4 1 2 3 4 3 2 1 The opens to utilizesto the localside print drivers, RDS Easy Print p Userdocumentprint the document tovia RDS p and the full p wants Microsoft Word running p local printer py p prints the client p g the printer print UI appears pp Virtualisation
  • 72. Microsoft Virtualisation Solutions VIRTUALISATION VIRTUALISATION VIRTUALISATION VIRTUALISATION Virtualisation
  • 73. To Finish... Microsoft delivers end-to-end Virtualization solutions… …System Center provides the tools for integrated Infrastructure Management "Virtualization without Virtualization good management is more dangerous than not usingg virtualization in the first place" Thomas Bittman, Gartner Virtualisation
  • 74. Resources & Blogs Virtualisation
  • 75. Resources & Blogs Part I • Matt’s blog – http://www.mattmcspirit.co.uk • MS Virtualisation – http://microsoft.com/virtualisation • System Center - http://www.microsoft.com/systemcenter http://www microsoft com/systemcenter • VECD - http://www.microsoft.com/virtualization/solu p tion-product-vecd.mspxp Virtualisation
  • 76. Resources & Blogs Part II • MDOP - http://www.microsoft.com/windows/products/w p // / /p / indowsvista/enterprise/benefits/tools.mspx • Terminal Services - http://www.microsoft.com/windowsserver2008/ en/us/presentation-terminal.aspx • Evaluate WS2008 - l http://www.microsoft.com/windowsserver2008/ en/us/try-it.aspx en/us/try it aspx • VDI Demo - http://www.microsoft.com/windows/products/w http://www microsoft com/windows/products/w indowsvista/enterprise/vecddemo/default.html Virtualisation
  • 77. Resources & Blogs Part III • Windows Virtualisation Blog - http://blogs.technet.com/virtualization/ http://blogs technet com/virtualization/ • Windows Server Blog - http://blogs.technet.com/windowsserver/ http://blogs technet com/windowsserver/ • TS Blog - http://blogs.msdn.com/ts/ • Performance Tuning f WS2008 - f for http://www.microsoft.com/whdc/system/sysperf /Perf_tun_srv.mspx /P f t • System Center Blog - http://blogs.technet.com/systemcenter/ // / / Virtualisation
  • 78. © 2009 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.