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Louisiana Legislature
Louisiana Legislature
Louisiana Legislature
Louisiana Legislature
Louisiana Legislature
Louisiana Legislature
Louisiana Legislature
Louisiana Legislature
Louisiana Legislature
Louisiana Legislature
Louisiana Legislature
Louisiana Legislature
Louisiana Legislature
Louisiana Legislature
Louisiana Legislature
Louisiana Legislature
Louisiana Legislature
Louisiana Legislature
Louisiana Legislature
Louisiana Legislature
Louisiana Legislature
Louisiana Legislature
Louisiana Legislature
Louisiana Legislature
Louisiana Legislature
Louisiana Legislature
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Louisiana Legislature

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  • * 07/16/96 * ##
  • Transcript

    • 1. Louisiana State Legislature How to be successful in the Legislative Process
    • 2. Overview <ul><li>The Legislative Branch </li></ul><ul><li>How a bill becomes law </li></ul><ul><li>How to be effective in the process </li></ul>
    • 3. The Legislative Branch <ul><li>The Legislature consists of two houses, the Senate and the House of Representatives. The state constitution establishes the maximum number of senators and representatives, which is the present membership: Senate, 39; House, 105; total, 144. </li></ul>
    • 4. The Legislative Branch <ul><li>Annually, each house meets in its own chamber at the capitol in Baton Rouge for a regular session. Odd-numbered and even-numbered year regular sessions are conducted differently. </li></ul><ul><li>Even numbered – unlimited bills, no taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Odd numbered – limited to fiscal matters + 5 non-fiscal bills per lege </li></ul>
    • 5. How a Bill Becomes Law <ul><li>Pre-filing of bills – during the pre-filing period legislators can introduce unlimited bills (only 5 of which can be non-fiscal during a fiscal session). </li></ul><ul><li>Each bill is introduced into its respective house and referred to a committee by the presiding officer. </li></ul>
    • 6. How a Bill Becomes Law <ul><li>Both the Senate and House have standing committees that meet during legislative sessions to consider and report on proposed legislation. </li></ul><ul><li>To see a list of committees, go to legislative website and click on either House or Senate on top menu. </li></ul>
    • 7. How a Bill Becomes Law <ul><li>Committees meet generally on a weekly basis. Some committees meet two days per week. </li></ul><ul><li>Committee schedules are generally posted 24 hours prior to the meeting. </li></ul><ul><li>The legislative website will show when a bill is to be heard in committee. </li></ul>
    • 8. How a Bill Becomes Law <ul><li>When the bill is heard in committee, a report will be issued stating whether or not the bill was reported favorably, unfavorably, deferred, or voluntarily deferred. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes a bill will be scheduled for a committee hearing and the author will request that the bill be heard at a later date. </li></ul>
    • 9. How a Bill Becomes Law <ul><li>Amendments can be added to the bill and sometimes, a whole new bill is substituted. </li></ul><ul><li>If a bill passes out of committee favorably, it goes to the full house or senate for a vote. This generally happens several days after the committee hearing, but can be many days after the hearing. </li></ul>
    • 10. How a Bill Becomes Law <ul><li>The bill will come up for debate on the floor. It can be amended and members will vote on amendments. A vote will be called and for most bills, a simple majority of members is required to pass a bill. </li></ul>
    • 11. How a Bill Becomes Law <ul><li>If the bill passes, it goes to the opposite house and the process starts again. </li></ul><ul><li>If there are no changes to the bill by the opposite house, the bill is sent to the Governor. </li></ul>
    • 12. How a Bill Becomes Law <ul><li>If there are changes, and the originating house does not accept the changes – conference committee. </li></ul><ul><li>If both houses accept conference committee report – goes to the Governor. If not, the bill fails. </li></ul><ul><li>Governor can sign, veto, or allow to go into law without signature. </li></ul>
    • 13. How to be Effective <ul><li>Identify bills you wish to follow </li></ul><ul><li>Become familiar with Louisiana Legislative Website </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.legis.state.la.us </li></ul>
    • 14. How to be Effective
    • 15. How to be Effective
    • 16. How to be Effective <ul><li>Lobbying for passage of your bill: </li></ul><ul><li>Develop talking points on your bill – why a legislator should be in favor of it. </li></ul><ul><li>Begin visiting, calling and emailing committee members to determine their position on the bill. Encourage others to do the same. </li></ul>
    • 17. How to be Effective <ul><li>On the day of committee hearing: </li></ul><ul><li>Attend the meeting – on each legislative day, the website shows where the meetings will be held at the time. You can also view the proceedings live or watch archived video later. </li></ul>
    • 18. How to be Effective <ul><li>Select several members of your group to testify in favor of the bill. Each person should focus on a different aspect. </li></ul><ul><li>Those in attendance at the committee meeting fill out cards in favor of the bill and whether or not you wish to speak. </li></ul>
    • 19. How to be Effective <ul><li>When testifying: </li></ul><ul><li>Be brief – select a few key points. If you wish, you can have a printed copy of your remarks entered into the record. </li></ul><ul><li>Be polite and respectful </li></ul><ul><li>Dress appropriately </li></ul>
    • 20. How to be Effective <ul><li>If the bill passes out of committee: </li></ul><ul><li>Begin having group members contact the entire legislative body (House or Senate). Email and phone calls are effective. </li></ul><ul><li>The author generally has some idea as to when the bill will be up for debate on the floor. </li></ul>
    • 21. How to be Effective <ul><li>If you wish to communicate to a legislator while he/she is on the floor, you will have to fill out a floor note. </li></ul><ul><li>You can find a seating chart for both houses located on the legislative website. </li></ul>
    • 22. How to be Effective <ul><li>You can use the floor note to simply write to the legislator, or you can ask to speak with him or her. </li></ul><ul><li>Again, always be polite and respectful. </li></ul><ul><li>You give the floor note to the sergeant-at-arms near the door. Only have one floor note out a time if you are waiting speak with a legislator. </li></ul>
    • 23. How to be Effective <ul><li>House Floor Note </li></ul>
    • 24. How to be Effective <ul><li>Senate Floor Note </li></ul>
    • 25. How to be Effective <ul><li>It is always a good idea to thank those legislators who supported you on your issue. You can do this in person or by phone or email. </li></ul>
    • 26. More information <ul><li>List other training sessions. </li></ul><ul><li>List books, articles, and online sources. </li></ul><ul><li>List consulting services and other sources. </li></ul>

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