Intro to Latin America
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Intro to Latin America

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Introduces the region of Latin America to Geography students.

Introduces the region of Latin America to Geography students.

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Intro to Latin America Intro to Latin America Presentation Transcript

  • Introduction to Latin America Our Neighbors to the South
  • Latin America: The Region
    • Extends from US/ Mexico border to tip of South America
    • Divided into Middle America, Central America, the Caribbean, & South America
  • Diverse Landscapes Amazon Rainforest Amazon River Basin Iguaçu Falls Andes Mountains
  • Diverse Landscapes Pampas of Argentina Panama Canal Atacama Desert Lake Titicaca
  • Pre-Colonialism
  • Colonialism
    • Motives - resources (gold, sugar, cotton) for European economies & converts to Christianity (Roman Catholicism)
    • Colonizers - viewed indigenous as savages and little more than slave labor
    • Missionaries - believed the indigenous were in need of Christian salvation
    • Indigenous - viewed conquerors as brutes
    • Interdependence - colonists relied on indigenous for labor and as guides; indigenous relied on colonists for protection from other tribes
    • Unequal relationship between colonizers and indigenous
  • Conquest & Colonialism
    • Aztec and Incan empires quickly defeated by a few hundred Spanish
    • Why??
    • Spanish had guns & horses
    • Indigenous peoples had no immunity to European diseases like smallpox
    In this picture, Cortez is being treated like a god
  • Latin American Colonies
    • Spanish & Portuguese brought their language & religion to the Americas
    • Indigenous peoples blended with the conquistadores
    • Mestizos - indigenous mixed with Spanish/Portuguese
    • Mulattos - Africans mixed with Spanish/Portuguese
    • Peninsulares - born in Spain & Portugal
    • Creoles - Spanish/Portuguese born in Latin America
  • Social Pyramid
  • Post-Colonialism: Religion
    • Indigenous beliefs were polytheistic or animist
    • Some indigenous groups practiced human sacrifice
    • Jesuit missionaries converted most indigenous to Catholicism
    • Indigenous temples & worship grounds destroyed by colonists
    • Some indigenous groups blended their religions with Catholicism
    • <-- This cathedral in Mexico City was built using gold and stones from Aztec temples
  • Independence
    • American & French Revolutions inspire colonists to revolt against Spain & Portugal
    • Simon Bolivar led revolutionary wars against Spain in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru & Panama
    • Upper classes remained in power
    • Mestizos, mulattoes & indigenous remained exploited by upper classes
    • Today, some indigenous groups are in conflict with upper classes (Mexico, Brazil)
    200-1300 1500 1800 Conquest Independence Pre-Colonial
  • Independence
  • Tomorrow… Modern Latin America!
  • Are there any major cities in Latin America, like NYC or LA? Do you recognize this city? Hint: It’s the world’s 9th largest city by population (8.7 million people) and the 2nd largest metropolitan area in the world (18.6 million people).
  • Latin American Economies
  • Latin American Economies
    • Many people considered poor compared to US standards (low per capita GDP)
    • Make money from what the earth provides -- exports to other regions
    • Many agricultural products Americans enjoy are shipped from Latin America
    • Farming: coffee and cocoa (chocolate)
    • Fishing
    • Buy and sell goods at outdoor markets
    • Mexico, Venezuela & Brazil are large oil producers
  • Indigenous Culture
    • Mostly rural
    • Small communities far from cities, i.e. mountains, rainforest
    • Farmers & animal herders
  • Indigenous Culture
    • Create traditional pottery & artwork
    • Utilize materials
    • from the land to
    • build homes
  • Urban Life
    • Major cities -- much like those in USA
    • Technologically advanced
    • Tourist attractions
    • Office buildings
    • Public transportation
    • Museums & film festivals
    Buenos Aires, Argentina San Jose, Costa Rica Rio de Janiero, Brazil
  • Cultural Values: Family Structure
    • Extended family is highly valued in Latin America
    • Children help support the family and expected to care for elderly
    • Extended family lives nearby or in same house
    • Father is head of household
    • Mother and daughters take care of household chores & family matters
  • Cultural Values: Music & Dance What role does music and dance have in Latin American culture?
  • Values & Voice- Music & Dance
    • Very musical culture
    • Plays important role in celebrations, holidays & entertainment
    • Tango
    • Salsa
    • Rumba
    • Mambo
    • Merengue
    • Samba
    • Norteño
    • Reggaetón
  • Sports
    • Futbol (soccer) is the most popular sport
    • Auto racing
    • Baseball & basketball
    • Bullfighting & rodeo
    • Pro wrestling - ¡lucha libre!
  • Cultural Values: Religion
    • Religion is important in the lives of many Latin Americans
    • Roman Catholicism is the main religion practiced
    • Religious celebrations play major role in lives of Latin Americans ( Carnaval, Dias de los Muertos, Dia de los Reyes, Quinceañera)
  •  
  • HOT TOPICS
  • H/EI-Ecotourism
    • The idea of visiting a unique ecosystem without harming the environment
    • Is this actually good for that region’s economy and environment?
  • H/EI- Maquiladoras
    • Foreign owned factories in Mexico (USA, Korea, Japan, etc)
    • Workers put together parts for popular electronics (cell phones, stereo equipment)
    • Companies get cheap labor
    • Mexican workers get jobs
    • Is this actually good for Mexico’s economy and environment?
  •