Cricket Cricket is a bat and ball sport played between two teams, usually of eleven players each. A cricket match is played on a grass field (which is usually roughly oval), in the centre of which is a flat strip of ground 22 yards (20.12 m) long, called a pitch. At each end of the pitch is a set of three parallel wooden stakes (known as stumps) driven into the ground, with two small crosspieces (known as bails) laid on top of them. This wooden structure is called a wicket. A player from the fielding team (the bowler) bowls a hard, fist-sized cork-centred leather ball from one wicket towards the other.
The ball usually bounces oncebefore reaching a player from theopposing team (the batsman), whodefends the wicket from the ballwith a wooden cricket bat. Thebatsman, if he or she does not getout, may then run between thewickets, exchanging ends with theother batsman (the "non-striker"),who has been standing in aninactive role near the bowlerswicket, to score runs. The othermembers of the bowlers teamstand in various positions aroundthe field as fielders. The match iswon by the team that scores moreruns.
Cricket has been anestablished teamsport for hundreds ofyears. It originated inits modern form inEngland and is popularmainly in the presentand former membersof theCommonwealth. In the countries ofSouth Asia, includingIndia, Pakistan,Bangladesh, and SriLanka, cricket is themost popular sport.
It is also a major sport inplaces such as England andWales, Australia, NewZealand, South Africa,Zimbabwe, Bermuda, andthe English-speakingcountries of the Caribbean,which are collectivelyknown in cricketingparlance as the WestIndies.The sport is followed withpassion in many differentparts of the world.