Bangalore traffic solutionSustainable transport usingCommuter rail + Bus + Non-motorized transport How can we implement it?
4-point rule1. Discourage use of private transport.2. Encourage use of public transport.3. Encourage cycling4. Encourage walking.
Discourage use of private transport How ?Some methods- Charge congestion fee for entering busy areas.- Ban single-passenger vehicles on main roads.- Ban private vehicles from main roads during peak hours.- No parking on all roads, including in residential areas OR Increaseparking fee to high values (like Rs. 100 per hour).- Increase road taxes on private vehicles.- Impose quota on registration of new vehicles.- Reduce road space available to private vehicles.- Allow only vehicles with even number plates on even dates, odd on odddates.
Encourage use of public transport How ?Improve 3 key factors of public transport – Frequency,Comfort, Punctuality.Improve the Bus systemImplement the Commuter Train systemImprove Auto servicesImprove Taxi services
Encourage non-motorized transport How ?Encourage walkingImprove quality of footpaths.Improve number of pedestrian crossings on roads.Improve quality and safety of pedestrian crossings.Make some roads pedestrian-only. E.g., Commercial St., Gandhi Bazaar,Avenue Rd., Brigade Rd.Consider pedestrians when designing any road, underpass, etc.Provide trees over all footpaths for shade.Encourage cyclingProvide cycling lanes on all roads.Include priority for bicycles in signal lights.Provide priority bicycle parking across the city.
Why is this not possible ?Hundreds of cities worldwide with enlightened governments havesustainable transport. In Japan, Sweden, Denmark, Spain, USA, China,Brazil, Columbia Singapore, Australia, UK.Even cities in North America, which so far have been the chief examplesof unrestrained growth in private vehicles, are switching – Los Angeles,Boston, Vancouver, etc.
Why is this not possible ?We keep talking of Making Bangalore like Singapore. Why dontwe copy its system of encouraging public transport anddiscouraging private transport ?Cost of owning a 1000 cc car costing Rs. 4 Lakhs in SingaporeBasic cost Rs. 22 LakhsCost of road and parking Rs. 11,000 per month *Cost Rs. 4 Lakhs + Registration fee Rs. 32000 + + Certificate of entitlement Rs. 10 Lakh + Additional registration fee Rs. 6.4 Lakh + Customs duty Rs. 1.2 Lakh ** + Road Tax Rs. 1000 + Parking fee (@ 10 hrs. per day, Rs. 32 per hout, 25 days) Rs. 8000 + Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) on main roads in peak hours – Rs. 65 to Rs. 96 ($2 to $3) to enter congested areas, @ once a day Rs. 2000
Some frequent objectionsObjection 1 : “It is the fundamental right of citizens to use whatevertransport they want. How can we legislate and curb this?”The response : If the government can use legislation to demolishhouses and business to widen roads, why cant it use legislation toreduce private vehicles ? Which would citizens prefer ? To lose theirhomes businesses and have their one-beautiful city destroyed, or tostop using their private vehicles ?Objection 2: “We are a democracy. Maybe dictatorships like Singaporecan do this, but not us.”The response : Singapore has been a democracy for 30 years.Measures to curb private vehicles have been implemented in largenumbers of democracies worldwide.
Objection 3 : Weve already spent a lot of time and money on theMetro. How can we abandon it now ?The response : Lets say after 20 years of living an unhealthy life, yourdoctor tells you that your arteries are clogged and you need to cut downon the fat and sugar, and start exercising. Which of these would be yourresponse?1. “No doctor, I know Ive made a mistake, but I cannot now abandonmy old lifestyle and the money that I have invested in the huge amountsof sugar, oil and butter that I ate. I will continue as before.2. “Ok doctor, I will now change track and abandon my old mistakes. Iwill now shift to the new lifestyle that you suggest.”If your decision as an individual is Response 2, why should the citysdecision be any different ?
Why is this not possible ?Enrique Peñalosa transformed Bogota in Columbia in just the3 years that he was Mayor : 1998 – 2001.
How did he do this ?“We were able to change the priority from a city for cars which is what hadbeen built for the last 80 years, to what I believe is much more a city forpeople, and especially for the more vulnerable people, with things that maybe very obvious, but they were very difficult.We made sidewalks. We widened footpaths in many cases, even takingaway space from car roads. We built, or rebuilt, about more than athousand parks. We built some fantastic schools and nurseries andlibraries. And we built about 350 kilometres of bike paths, and we createdmaybe what is today the worlds best bus system.” - Enrique Peñalosa
Why is this not possible ?Peñalosa is the guru of sustainable transport worldwide, andhis feat and methods are being studied and replicatedworldwide.Why can we in Bangalore not do this too ?More readingEnrique Penalosa - Brief biographyhttp://www.pps.org/info/placemakingtools/placemakers/epenalosaInterview with Enrique Penalosahttp://www.abc.net.au/pm/content/2005/s1303555.htm