Tf U Unit 2009 Political Cartoons

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Tf U Unit 2009 Political Cartoons

  1. 1. TfU UNIT 2009: POLITICAL CARTOONS ©DARYL TAN YONG LENG 2009 ©DARYL
  2. 2. SCOPE OF UNIT • What are political cartoons? • What is the role of political cartoons in history? • What are the elements of a political cartoon? • What are the characteristics of a good political cartoon? • What are the ways in which to interpret a political cartoon? ©DARYL TAN YONG LENG 2009 ©DARYL
  3. 3. What is a political cartoon? • A political cartoon is an illustration which is designed to convey a social or political message. • Dates back to at least the 1500s in European culture. • Political cartoons are often found on the editorial pages of newspapers and magazines, ©DARYL TAN YONG LENG 2009 ©DARYL
  4. 4. POLITICAL CARTOONS Political cartoon Political cartoons have in the 1920s long been used to raise about awareness of current disarmament affairs issues. Provide information and Political cartoon more importantly, provide in 2009 about a vehicle for cartoonist to H1N1 air their thoughts on an issue. ©DARYL TAN YONG LENG 2009 ©DARYL
  5. 5. POLITICAL CARTOONS IN HISTORY • In your groups, discuss: – The uses of political cartoons in the study of history. – The reasons why historians should study political cartoons. Reveal attitudes of the time. Reveal thoughts about an event. The popularity of different characters. Greater understanding of an event/thoughts/attitudes/characters. ©DARYL TAN YONG LENG 2009 ©DARYL
  6. 6. DIFFERENT TYPES OF POLITICAL CARTOONS Cartoon A: Cartoon on H1N1. Very basic and easy to understand – as long as you have some knowledge about the event. Provides information about an event. Not very critical. Has an element of humour. ©DARYL TAN YONG LENG 2009 ©DARYL
  7. 7. DIFFERENT TYPES OF POLITICAL CARTOONS Cartoon B: Cartoon on the Nuclear Crisis in North Korea 2008 Easy to understand – as long as you have knowledge about the event AND the context of the event. Provides information about an event. Has an element of humour. Critical tone. Author injects sarcasm and irony. ©DARYL TAN YONG LENG 2009 ©DARYL
  8. 8. DIFFERENT TYPES OF POLITICAL CARTOONS Cartoon C: Cartoon on Singapore being ranked one of the top 10 most expensive cities. Need to have knowledge of event and context. In-depth understanding of socio-political culture. Provides information about an event. Author injects sarcasm and irony. It is also satirical. Has an element of humour. Very critical in nature. ©DARYL TAN YONG LENG 2009 ©DARYL
  9. 9. WHAT ARE THE ELEMENTS OF A POLITICAL CARTOON? Examine the political cartoon in your worksheets and label the cartoon in part 1. ©DARYL TAN YONG LENG 2009 ©DARYL
  10. 10. WHAT ARE THE ELEMENTS OF A POLITICAL CARTOON? Background Main Caption Main Other figure characters Object Supporting Foreground Caption ©DARYL TAN YONG LENG 2009 ©DARYL
  11. 11. ELEMENTS OF A GOOD POLITICAL CARTOON Is this a good political cartoon? What do you think are the different elements of a good political cartoon? Has the author incorporated these elements into the cartoon? ©DARYL TAN YONG LENG 2009 ©DARYL
  12. 12. ANALYSING THE CARTOON • Answer the following questions: – People in the cartoon should be named: • Who is the main character? What is his name and position? • Who are the other characters? – Items in the cartoon should be identified: • What is the main object in the cartoon? – Captions must be explained: • Look at the words used by the main character, what do you think is the tone of what he is saying? – Things in the foreground and background are important: • What do you see in the foreground and background? – Underlying attitude of the author should be made clear: • What is the attitude of the author to the main character? Favourable or unfavourable? – Remember what you have learnt about this topic: • What was the issue that prompted the cartoon? – Exactly what the characters are doing is important in understanding the cartoon: • What is the posture, body language and facial expression of the characters? ©DARYL TAN YONG LENG 2009 ©DARYL
  13. 13. ANALYSING THE CARTOON Can you answer all the questions? If you can’t, you need to understand the context of the event. Read the two newspaper articles and try the questions again. ©DARYL TAN YONG LENG 2009 ©DARYL
  14. 14. ANALYSING THE CARTOON Can you answer all the questions? If you can’t, you need to understand the context of the event. Read the two newspaper articles and try the questions again. ©DARYL TAN YONG LENG 2009 ©DARYL
  15. 15. CONTEXT, MESSAGE, IMPACT • Summarise the findings into the following: – Context: • Use your knowledge of the background information to find out the circumstances and situation that led to the production of this political cartoon. • Describe the relevant parts of the cartoon that highlight the context. – Message: • What is the political cartoon or cartoonist trying to tell you? • Describe the relevant parts of the cartoon that support the message. – Impact: Who is the political cartoon trying to influence? What is the cartoon trying to achieve? • Who is the audience that the political cartoon trying to influence? • What does the cartoon want people to do, to think and to feel after they read the cartoon? • Does the cartoon want people to take some form of action after they read it? • Describe the relevant parts of the cartoon that suggests the possible impact. ©DARYL TAN YONG LENG 2009 ©DARYL
  16. 16. ASSESSMENT COMPONENTS • Part 1 [15%] – Find a political cartoon on any current affairs issue. – Identify the different elements of a political cartoon. – Analyse the picture using the PICTURES framework. – Write up using the CMI framework. – Completion of worksheets. • Part 2 [15%] – Draw your own political cartoon on any issues discussed in the textbook. – Tell us more about your political cartoon using the CMI framework. – Reflection on understanding of unit. • DUE DATE: 28 AUG 2009 ©DARYL TAN YONG LENG 2009 ©DARYL

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