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Reliability
 

Reliability

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    Reliability Reliability Presentation Transcript

    • RELIABILITY
    • We often use the word RELIABLE in everyday life - about people, transport, weather forecast, etc. What does the word RELIABLE mean? What is RELIABILITY with regard to sources? Reliability means how much we can believe / trust the source OR how accurate / dependable the source is.
    • Why is there a need to check the reliability of a source?
    • RELIABILITY • The writer of a source plays an important role in the creation of a source. • How can a writer influence a source?
    • FACT AND OPINION • How can we identify the ‘bias’ in an author’s work? • In order to do so, we need to be able to tell the difference between ‘fact’ and ‘opinion’.
    • WHAT IS A FACT? • Something that is true. • Can be verified by looking up primary sources, ref. books or encyclopedia, etc.
    • WHAT IS AN OPINION? • A point of view, feeling or thought that some people may agree with while others may not. • Opinions can be spotted because the words used tend to be an exaggeration of the fact.
    • We often use the word RELIABLE in everyday life - about people, transport, weather forecast, etc. What does the word RELIABLE mean? What is RELIABILITY with regard to sources? Reliability means how much we can believe / trust the source OR how accurate / dependable the source is.
    • John and David had a fight. You are the discipline master … John’s father …“This big boy was hitting my boy. John hit him in the face and made his nose bleed. John did the right thing.” David’s father ... “David knocked that wicked kid down with one punch as the other kid started the fight. ” A student from another class... “ The two boys were fighting. John hit David. David’s nose started to bleed. David punched John and he fell to the ground”
    • RELIABILITY • Which account is the most reliable for telling you what happened? • Why do you think so? • Can you identify some characteristics of the most reliable account?
    • RELIABLE OR UNRELIABLE? • How did you arrive at your answer? • What do you do to decide if a source is reliable or unreliable?
    • RELIABILITY • Can the other 2 accounts be reliable? • Depends on the purpose for looking at the source.
    • RELIABILITY • No source is necessarily either reliable or unreliable for every purpose. • Some source whilst unreliable for historical accuracy can be reliable for other purposes.
    • What is a RELIABLE source? A reliable source is one in which there is consistency of the author's account of the truth & the truth-telling is verifiable
    • shows bias of the writer contains factual was produced errors / for a particular exaggerations / purpose which Unreliable distortions might affect source (i.e. verifiably its reliability false versions of events) was written long after is inconsistent the events it describes with similar sources What makes a source UNRELIABLE?
    • Question PROVENANCE Question Checklist Question PURPOSE for CONTENT reliability CROSS-REFER to other sources
    • PROVENANCE • Provenance: – Who is the speaker/writer? – What is the occasion? – When ? – Where ? – Who is the audience?
    • CONTENT • What is being said? – Fact or opinion? – Is there a gap in information? • How it is being said? – Is the view one sided or balanced? – Any exaggeration? Any over generalizations? – What are the emotive words?
    • PURPOSE • Why was the source created? – Consider the provenance –Who is the author? Who is the audience? – What is the context of the source? Was it said before, during or after an event? • Why does the speaker want to say this at that time/place ? • What does the speaker expect the audience to do by saying this? Study provenance, content, and use contextual knowledge
    • SOURCE-BASED INQUIRY EXERCISE • Who founded Singapore? – Break up into pairs. – Refer to the activity sheet. – Examine all the sources using the criteria listed in the table. – Answer Question 1. – You have 20 minutes!
    • DISCUSSION