Reconstructing History
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Reconstructing History






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Reconstructing History Reconstructing History Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter Two Reconstructing History Chapter 2 Slide 1
  • Learning Objectives
    • How do we find out about the past?
    • What are sources?
    • How do historians ensure that their sources are reliable?
    • How is time measured in the study of History?
    • Why is the study of History dynamic?
    Chapter 2 Slide 2
  • What kinds of questions did you have when you saw the photograph above? How do we find answers to our questions? Chapter 2 Slide 3
  • What Are Sources?
    •  Sources are collections of evidence or proof.
    •  Historians study various sources to help them reconstruct or put together an accurate picture of the past.
    •  Sources can be divided into two groups.
    Chapter 2 Slide 4
    •  Primary sources are information provided by people who were involved in historical events or who witnessed the events.
    •  Secondary sources are the records of people who did not participate directly in or witness the events they described . These records are the study and investigation of primary sources.
    Chapter 2 Slide 5
    •  Sources can be further divided into four groups:
    • Written evidence — official records, newspapers, personal letters, folk stories, messages carved in stone
    • Pictorial evidence — paintings, posters, photographs, maps
    Chapter 2 Slide6
    • Oral evidence — spoken words of eyewitnesses, usually recorded on tape and put in writing
    • Artefacts — items used by people of the past, e.g. tools and jewellery
    Chapter 2 Slide 7 A war survivor showing television crew his torture wounds Students participating in a archaelogical dig at Fort Tanjong Katong
  • RECAP!!
    • What is the difference between primary and secondary sources?
    • Give some examples of primary and secondary sources.
    Chapter 2 Slide 8
  • Reliability of Sources
    •  Question: How do historians make sure that their sources can be trusted to be true and not biased ?
    •  Three 3Cs test
    • -Credibility
    • -Consistency
    • -Corroboration
    Chapter 2 Slide 9
    •  Fact — information that is true
    • Opinion — what a person believes to be true, which others may not agree with
    •  Propaganda — ideas and news meant to influence the way people think and behave
    •  Even if the evidence is not a fact, historians can make use of them to show how people in the past thought
    Chapter 2 Slide 10
  • The Language of Time B efore C ommon E ra C ommon E ra Periods – different blocks of time Dynasties – i. line of rulers who belong to the same family Century – 100 years Mauryan period (c. 323–185 BCE) Golden Age (c. 320–550 CE) Circa – c., ‘around’ – ii. refers to the years when a region is continuously ruled by members of the same family Chapter 2 Slide 11 5th century CE 4th century BCE 3rd century BCE 2nd century BCE 1st century CE 2nd century CE 3rd century CE 4th century CE 1st century BCE
  • Learning Outcomes
    • Historians reconstruct the past by using…
    • Sources are…
    • Historians ensure that their sources are reliable by…
    Chapter 2 Slide 12
  • Learning Outcomes
    • The terms we use to refer to time in the study of History are…
    • Our views of the past can change constantly when…
    Chapter 2 Slide 13