Lesson 2 First World War


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Lesson 2 First World War

  1. 1. <ul><li>Take a look at the contents page of your textbook. </li></ul><ul><li>Which is the most important event in the textbook? Why is this so? </li></ul>! REVIEW
  3. 3. <ul><li>Many of the major historical events from 1918 to 1991 have their roots in the First World War. </li></ul><ul><li>What was the world like before WW1? </li></ul><ul><li>What caused WW1? </li></ul><ul><li>What happened in WW1? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the world like after WW1? </li></ul>WHY IS THE STUDY OF WW1 IMPORTANT?
  4. 4. <ul><li>Work this out! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take the total number of students in your class: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is 16% of the total number of students in your class? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is 51% of the total number of students in your class? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is 6% of the total number of students in your class? </li></ul></ul></ul>ACTIVITY
  5. 5. <ul><li>16% – Killed in Action </li></ul><ul><li>51% – Wounded in Action </li></ul><ul><li>6% – Missing, Prisoners of War. </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think would be the effect if this were the casualty rate in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Victoria School </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Singapore </li></ul></ul>ACTIVITY
  6. 6. <ul><li>76% of all French soldiers that were mobilised for the First World War became casualties. </li></ul><ul><li>The Allied powers suffered approximately 22 million casualties. </li></ul><ul><li>The Central powers suffered approximately 15 million casualties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWdeaths.htm </li></ul></ul>WHY DID THIS HAPPEN? ACTIVITY
  7. 7. <ul><li>What do you think Sir Edward Grey means by ‘the lights are going out all over Europe”? </li></ul><ul><li>What does this say about Europe prior to the First World War? </li></ul>“ The lights are going out all over Europe. We shall not see them lit again in our lifetime” - British Foreign Secretary Sir Edward Grey on 4 Aug 1914 prior to the outbreak of the First World War SOURCE WORK
  8. 8. <ul><li>A time of prosperity: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>European empires controlled much of the world. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US economy was rapidly expanding. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Raw materials from colonies fed the industries. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Massive population growth all over Europe. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Common culture: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Europe was ‘bound’ by Christian culture. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many educated Europeans also shared a common culture – literature, and music. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ease of travel within Europe. </li></ul></ul>CAUSES OF WW1: Europe Before WW1
  9. 9. <ul><li>Communication: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ease of communication – The world became a far smaller place. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Societal Unease: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Class-based monarchial systems. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reform movements. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Euro-centric’ view of the world. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing role of women. </li></ul></ul>CAUSES OF WW1: Europe Before WW1
  10. 10. <ul><li>A time of suspicion : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All the major countries, Britain, France, Germany, Russia, Austria-Hungary all felt threatened in some way or other. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>External Threats: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Competition for colonies. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mutual suspicion about other countries. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internal Threats: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nationalistic ambitions of peoples. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. The Balkans – part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>CAUSES OF WW1: Europe Before WW1
  11. 11. <ul><li>Alliances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>European countries made alliances against each other. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aggression by one country against another would trigger the alliance. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Militarism and the Arms Race </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Each country wanted to have a stronger military than the other. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Every man a solider. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>War plans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Every country made plans on what it would do in the event of war with the other. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Obsession with the war plans and following the time-tables of the plans. </li></ul></ul></ul>CAUSES OF WW1: Europe Before WW1
  12. 12. <ul><li>Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary by the ‘Black Hand’, a Serbian Nationalist movement. </li></ul><ul><li>Set off a complex series of events that eventually led to war. Refer to page 12 of your textbook for details. </li></ul><ul><li>Serbia was not involved in any fighting till 1915. </li></ul>CAUSES OF WW1: INSTIGATIVE FACTORS
  13. 13. <ul><li>Refer to page 15 of your text book for more details about the actual events of the First World War. </li></ul>THE FIRST WORLD WAR
  14. 14. <ul><li>The end of the old order and the rise of the new order. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul></ul>EFFECTS OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR
  15. 15. <ul><li>The end of monarchies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Austria-Hungary, Germany and Russia ceased to be monarchies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some of their territories were taken away from them. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Increasing weakness of empires </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain and France unable to recover their former power. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Russian Revolution. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The war had made many of Russia’s problems worse. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led to the revolution and the overthrow of the Tsar. </li></ul></ul>EFFECTS OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR
  16. 16. <ul><li>Treaty of Versailles – Post war peace negotiations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Defeated parties not involved in the negotiations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Re-distribution of lands that belonged to Germany and Austria-Hungary. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of new countries and re-drawing of existing boundaries. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Re-distribution of German colonies. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>US Isolationism: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>American anger at war involvement. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led to America closing itself off to the world. </li></ul></ul>EFFECTS OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR
  17. 17. <ul><li>Economic problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Massive casualties affected economic production. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic difficulties caused by the war: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Debt </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Destruction; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Food shortages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Low levels of trade </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need to produce non-war goods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High unemployment. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Social changes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The ‘lost generation’ - male-Female imbalance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breakdown of traditional barriers – push for greater equality. </li></ul></ul>EFFECTS OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR
  18. 18. <ul><li>Why do we start with the study of World War One? </li></ul>EFFECTS OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR