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HOW DID HITLER COME TO POWER?
WEIMAR GOVERNMENT <ul><li>The Weimar Government was created after the abdication of the Kaiser. </li></ul><ul><li>Presiden...
WEIMAR GOVERNMENT <ul><li>Problems: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Groups from the Far-left and right fought for control and tried ...
WEIMAR GOVERNMENT <ul><li>Inflation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To pay reparations and workers, government printed more money. ...
WEIMAR GOVERNMENT <ul><li>Managed to regain control of Germany and the economy. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dawes Plan 1924  - A...
WEIMAR GOVERNMENT <ul><li>Overdependence on American loans. </li></ul><ul><li>Still unpopular with extremist parties. </li...
HITLER AND THE NAZIS <ul><li>Hitler joined the German Worker’s Party and became the leader. </li></ul><ul><li>Blamed the f...
Mein Kampf <ul><li>Hitler wrote a book prison, Mein Kampf (My Struggle) which advocated: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National So...
USE OF LEGAL MEANS <ul><li>Hitler attempted to use legal means for the Nazis to come to power: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initi...
FACTORS THAT LED TO NAZIS TAKING POWER <ul><li>Took advantage of the long-term unhappiness about the Treaty of Versailles....
SHORT-TERMS FACTORS <ul><li>Economic Depression: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Depression – Germans became desperate and loo...
FULL NAZI CONTROL <ul><li>Reichstag Fire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hitler took advantage of the fire to arrest Communists and ...
FULL NAZI CONTROL <ul><li>Nazis seized control of local government and Police: </li></ul><ul><li>Set up Gestapo (secret po...
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Hitler's Rise to Power

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Transcript of "Hitler's Rise to Power"

  1. 1. HOW DID HITLER COME TO POWER?
  2. 2. WEIMAR GOVERNMENT <ul><li>The Weimar Government was created after the abdication of the Kaiser. </li></ul><ul><li>President was elected and appointed the Chancellor. </li></ul><ul><li>Legislators were elected through proportional representation. </li></ul>
  3. 3. WEIMAR GOVERNMENT <ul><li>Problems: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Groups from the Far-left and right fought for control and tried to overthrow the government. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Communist uprising in 1919 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Paramilitary uprising in 1920. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1922 - Munich Putsch by Hitler </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1923 – French occupation of the Ruhr. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. WEIMAR GOVERNMENT <ul><li>Inflation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To pay reparations and workers, government printed more money. Led to inflation. </li></ul></ul>Example: Price of Bread in Germany
  5. 5. WEIMAR GOVERNMENT <ul><li>Managed to regain control of Germany and the economy. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dawes Plan 1924 - Allowed Germany more time to repay reparations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Young Plan 1929 – Allowed reduction in reparations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Borrowed money from USA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Managed to overcome communists and formed a coalition to overcome difficulties of proportional representation. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. WEIMAR GOVERNMENT <ul><li>Overdependence on American loans. </li></ul><ul><li>Still unpopular with extremist parties. </li></ul><ul><li>Still seen as traitors who signed the Treaty of Versailles. </li></ul>
  7. 7. HITLER AND THE NAZIS <ul><li>Hitler joined the German Worker’s Party and became the leader. </li></ul><ul><li>Blamed the following for Germany’s problems: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Allies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treaty of Versailles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weimar Government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jews </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Remained as the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (Nazis) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nationalist (believed in Germany’s greatness) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Socialist (State should benefit everybody equally) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Mein Kampf <ul><li>Hitler wrote a book prison, Mein Kampf (My Struggle) which advocated: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Socialism – Loyalty to Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Racism – Triumph of the Aryan race by armed forces because all races, especially the Jews were inferior to Aryan ‘Master Race’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lebensraum – Expansion into Poland and Russia to get living space. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong government – Complete loyalty to the Fuhrer. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. USE OF LEGAL MEANS <ul><li>Hitler attempted to use legal means for the Nazis to come to power: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initially unsuccessful in the elections. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hitler re-organised the Nazis: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Set up the SS – A personal bodyguard loyal to himself. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Set up Hitler Youth. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Propaganda. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Persuaded rich businessmen to support him. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. FACTORS THAT LED TO NAZIS TAKING POWER <ul><li>Took advantage of the long-term unhappiness about the Treaty of Versailles. </li></ul><ul><li>Weak government unable to deal with the Great Depression. </li></ul><ul><li>Effective propaganda. </li></ul><ul><li>Attacks on other parties. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler’s personal qualities. </li></ul>
  11. 11. SHORT-TERMS FACTORS <ul><li>Economic Depression: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Depression – Germans became desperate and looked for a solution. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recruitment: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nazis failed to get the majority of seats but was offered the post of Chancellor by the president in return for support. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. FULL NAZI CONTROL <ul><li>Reichstag Fire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hitler took advantage of the fire to arrest Communists and as a platform for the 1933 elections. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>General Election – 5 Mar 1933: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nazis did not have clear majority. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrested 81 communists in parliament to become the majority. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enabling Act – 23 Mar 1933 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hitler was given power to make his own laws. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SA stopped opposition from entering parliament and attacked opponents who spoke against it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hitler was now a dictator. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. FULL NAZI CONTROL <ul><li>Nazis seized control of local government and Police: </li></ul><ul><li>Set up Gestapo (secret police) and informant networks. </li></ul><ul><li>Persecution of opponents and minority groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Banned trade unions and political parties in 1933. </li></ul><ul><li>Disbanded the SA by force. </li></ul><ul><li>Merged the posts of President and Chancellor – Hitler was now the Fuhrer. </li></ul>
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