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Monarchy is the system of government headed by a king or a queen (monarch).
What, in your opinion, are the qualities of good government?
Chapter 4 Slide 4
Government in India Chapter 4 Slide 5 Concentric circles model of government Border Zones: The king’s power overlapped with those of other kings. People had a choice of which king they wanted to be loyal to. Border Zones Outer Provinces : King’s power was weaker here. The governors had to share power with local kings, who still acknowledged that the king in the capital city was more powerful. Outer Provinces Inner Provinces: These areas were closest to the capital. In each province, a governor who reported directly to the king was in charge. Inner Provinces Capital City: King’s palace was located here. He was surrounded by nobles and ministers, or mantri . Capital city
You Be the Judge!! Chapter 4 Slide 9 Maintained irrigation systems to ensure steady supply of water to fields Thieves and tax evaders had their ears or noses cut off Listened to people’s requests even while having his daily massage Set up a War Office and kept a large army to expand and control his empire Built roads for easy travel, e.g. the Great Royal Highway to connect Pataliputra to northwest of empire Set up centralised government, everyone had to report to him United most of the northern part of India Grade REPORT CARD NAME: Chandragupta Maurya
In 221 BCE, Qin Shihuang defeated the shi to unify China for the first
He abolished feudalism and set up a
centralised government — unitary
system of government
Chapter 4 Slide 13
Qin Shihuang’s System of Government Chapter 4 Slide 14 Each managed by an inspector, a military governor and a civilian governor. All reported directly to the emperor. Provinces Capital city Emperor
You Be the Judge!! Chapter 4 Slide 15 Captured and buried alive scholars who opposed his rule Banned books that did not support his rule, mostly Confucian texts Forced people to work on the Great Wall of China, thousands died Enforced strict laws, criminals and their families were executed Introduced standardised script, currency, weight and measure Set up centralised government, abolished feudalism United most of the northern part of China Grade NAME: Qin Shihuang
Dynastic Cycle end of dynasty new dynasty Peak Peak Weak ruler Strong ruler Chapter 4 Slide 18 Power / stability / peace Time / successive emperors rise decline rise new dynasty Strong ruler decline end of dynasty Weak ruler
The Melaka Sultanate Chapter 4 Slide 25 The model of the system of government in the Melaka Sultanate Vassal states These areas were independent but paid tribute to the sultan. They were ruled by the sultan’s relatives. Provinces These were ruled by governors appointed by the sultan. The provinces provided Melaka Sultanate with manpower, fish, rice and vegetables. Capital Ruled directly by the sultan, who was assisted by four ministers: chief minister, finance minister, chief of police and commander of the navy and army.