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WHAT WAS LIFE LKE UNDER THE NAZI REGIME?
ECONOMIC POLICIES <ul><li>Economic Policies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nazis introduced a four-year plan: </li></ul></ul><ul><...
ECONOMIC POLICIES <ul><li>Agricultural reforms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up the ‘Reich Food Estate’ – To regulate product...
ECONOMIC POLICIES <ul><li>Employment: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In June 1933, the Nazis passed a Law to Reduce Unemployment. <...
SOCIAL POLICIES <ul><li>Women: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nazis saw the role of women as good mothers who were responsible for ...
CHILDREN AND YOUTHS <ul><li>Nazis saw the need to cultivate hardworking, obedient and healthy Aryan citizens for the futur...
PROPAGANDA <ul><li>Germans were subjected to constant stream of propaganda under the control of Josef Gobbels. </li></ul><...
One People, One Nation, One Fuhrer. 1938 Source: www.bbc.co.uk Anti-Jewish Poster Source: www.bbc.co.uk Anti-Communist Pos...
STATE TERROR <ul><li>Nazis had full control over the state apparatus: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SS as the main security force ...
ANTI-SEMITISM <ul><li>Jewish people were persecuted in an increasingly organised manner: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-Jewish...
EFFECTS ON THE GERMAN PEOPLE <ul><li>Nazi party members: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefited the most from the rule. </li></ul...
EFFECTS ON THE GERMAN PEOPLE <ul><li>Nazi party members: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefited the most from the rule. </li></ul...
EFFECTS ON THE GERMAN PEOPLE <ul><li>Women: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not all women liked the Nazi emphasis which consigned th...
EFFECTS ON THE GERMAN PEOPLE <ul><li>Opponents: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hitler banned all Trade Unions on 2 May 1933.  </li>...
EFFECTS ON THE GERMAN PEOPLE. <ul><li>The Untermensch or the ‘Sub Human’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jews persecuted, sent to th...
EFFECTS OF NAZI RULE <ul><li>Many people did benefit from Nazi rule and preferred the stability offered by Nazi rule compa...
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Effects of Nazi Rule on Germany

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Transcript of "Effects of Nazi Rule on Germany"

  1. 1. WHAT WAS LIFE LKE UNDER THE NAZI REGIME?
  2. 2. ECONOMIC POLICIES <ul><li>Economic Policies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nazis introduced a four-year plan: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To move Germany towards ‘autarky’ or economic independence. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stopped imports and provided subsidies for industry. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More importantly, it was a way to prepare Germany for war. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Factories were set up to produce arms and ammunition. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Production rose for explosives, coal and steel </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. ECONOMIC POLICIES <ul><li>Agricultural reforms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up the ‘Reich Food Estate’ – To regulate production, distribution, prices of crops and animals. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Strict control of farmers – One law stated that hens must lay 65 eggs a year! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meant that the government could control food production. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food prices were maintained at 1928 levels. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1933 Farm Law – Farmers assured of sales and subsidies. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. ECONOMIC POLICIES <ul><li>Employment: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In June 1933, the Nazis passed a Law to Reduce Unemployment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The RAD (National Labour Service) sent men on public works; eg the autobahns. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government spending rose, 1932–38 from about 5 billion to 30 billion marks. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unemployment fell from nearly 6 million to virtually nothing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suppressed trade unions and set up the German labour front or the DAF. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hitler built up the armed forces (e.g. conscription took 1 million unemployed). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The soldiers needed equipment, so this set steel mills, coal mines and factories back into production. The Luftwaffe gave jobs to fitters, engineers and designers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Nazi state machinery needed thousands of clerks, prison guards etc. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. SOCIAL POLICIES <ul><li>Women: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nazis saw the role of women as good mothers who were responsible for bringing up their children at home, while husbands worked. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Law for the Encouragement of Marriage gave newly-wed couples a loan of 1000 marks, and allowed them to keep 250 marks for each child they had. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mothers who had more than 8 children were given a gold medal. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But not all women were happy with the Nazi regime: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Job-discrimination against women was encouraged. Women doctors, teachers and civil servants were forced to give up their careers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Women were never allowed to serve in the armed forces - even during the war. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. CHILDREN AND YOUTHS <ul><li>Nazis saw the need to cultivate hardworking, obedient and healthy Aryan citizens for the future: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exerted control over children’s lives – e.g. toys, exposure to propaganda. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exerted control over schools and curriculum. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of Hitler Youth: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Further exposed children to the ‘cult’ of Adolf Hitler. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provided activities for boys. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Treated boys and girls as special. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Created fear amongst parents that their children would report them to the Gestapo. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Many of these youths would eventually end up in the German Army during the Second World War. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. PROPAGANDA <ul><li>Germans were subjected to constant stream of propaganda under the control of Josef Gobbels. </li></ul><ul><li>Glorified Hitler and the Nazis and also used to indoctrinate people and justify Nazi policies. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of all forms of media such as the radio, movies, posters and even stamps to put their message across. </li></ul><ul><li>Censorship of other sources of news. </li></ul>
  8. 8. One People, One Nation, One Fuhrer. 1938 Source: www.bbc.co.uk Anti-Jewish Poster Source: www.bbc.co.uk Anti-Communist Poster Source: www.bbc.co.uk
  9. 9. STATE TERROR <ul><li>Nazis had full control over the state apparatus: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SS as the main security force – suppression of the SA. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gestapo – The secret police </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concentration camps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Network of informants – Block Warden System. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By 1935, most of the Nazis’ opponents were imprisoned or killed. </li></ul>
  10. 10. ANTI-SEMITISM <ul><li>Jewish people were persecuted in an increasingly organised manner: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-Jewish laws. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discrimination against Jewish people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>‘ Crystal Night’ or Kristallnacht – Organised Nazi attack against Jews. </li></ul>
  11. 11. EFFECTS ON THE GERMAN PEOPLE <ul><li>Nazi party members: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefited the most from the rule. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ordinary German people: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Full employment; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Strength through joy programme: Free holidays, sports facilities, subsidised cars. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Law and order. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improved transportation network </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nazi propaganda gave hope </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trust in Hitler </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nazi racial philosophy gave Germans a sense of self-belief. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of freedom </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Low wages </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. EFFECTS ON THE GERMAN PEOPLE <ul><li>Nazi party members: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefited the most from the rule. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ordinary German people: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Full employment; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Strength through joy programme: Free holidays, sports facilities, subsidised cars. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Law and order. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improved transportation network </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nazi propaganda gave hope </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trust in Hitler </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nazi racial philosophy gave Germans a sense of self-belief. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of freedom </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Low wages </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. EFFECTS ON THE GERMAN PEOPLE <ul><li>Women: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not all women liked the Nazi emphasis which consigned them to “Church, Children, Cooker’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many professionals who were female, e.g. lawyers and doctors were forced to give up their jobs. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Youth: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nazi’s approach did not appeal to all youths, eventually led to the formation of youth gangs who rejected Nazi culture and the Hitler Youth. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some “Aryan” girls were sent to special camps to breed with “Aryan” boys. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. EFFECTS ON THE GERMAN PEOPLE <ul><li>Opponents: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hitler banned all Trade Unions on 2 May 1933. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communists were arrested or killed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious leaders, e.g. Protestant pastors were persecuted and killed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many of those who showed unhappiness or opposed Hitler were reported to the Gestapo and arrested. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. EFFECTS ON THE GERMAN PEOPLE. <ul><li>The Untermensch or the ‘Sub Human’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jews persecuted, sent to the concentration camps. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gypsies also treated as badly as the Jews. 85% of German gypsies were killed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Black people were sterilised and killed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mentally disabled were also killed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physically disabled were sterilised. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-social elements, e.g. criminals, prostitutes, alcoholics, pacifists were all put into concentration camps. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. EFFECTS OF NAZI RULE <ul><li>Many people did benefit from Nazi rule and preferred the stability offered by Nazi rule compared to the instability of the Weimar Republic. </li></ul><ul><li>However, Nazi rule involved much persecution and rule through state terror and the loss of personal freedom. </li></ul><ul><li>Nazi rule also subjected the German people to indoctrination through propaganda and the various Nazi organisations such as the Hitler Youth. </li></ul><ul><li>Minorities were subject to persecution by the Nazis. </li></ul><ul><li>Nazi rule set Germany on a collision course with the rest of the world in World War 2. </li></ul>
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